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Daily Current Affairs For 19th & 20th March 2017 ( English )

Prepared by D.Sarala, Viluppuram
1.       Scientists using Large Hadron Collider accelerator (LHC) at CERN (European Organisation for Nuclear Research) have discovered a new system of five particles all in a single analysis. The new particles were found to be in excited states (a particle state that has a higher energy than the ground state or absolute minimum configuration) of a particle called Omega-c-zero. Omega-c-zero is a baryon. It is a particle with three quarks, containing two strange and one charm quark. It decays via the strong force into another baryon, called Xi-c-plus (containing a “charm”, a “strange” and an “up” quark) and a kaon K-. Xi-c-plusparticle further decays in turn into a proton p, a kaon K- and a pion p+.Scientists using Large Hadron Collider accelerator (LHC) at CERN (European Organisation for Nuclear Research) have discovered a new system of five particles all in a single analysis. This discovery is unique as observing five new states all at once is very rare. According to the standard convention, these particle states were named Oc(3000)0, Oc(3050)0, Oc(3066)0, Oc(3090)0 b Oc(3119)0. The numbers indicate their masses in megaelectronvolts (MeV), measured by LHCb experiment, one of seven particle physics detector experiments collecting data at LHC, world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator.
2.       Scientists from Eindhoven University of Technology in Netherlands have developed a new wireless Internet network based on infrared rays that is reportedly 100 times faster than existing Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) networks. It has a huge capacity, more than 40 Gigabits per second (Gbit/s). It also does away with the need of sharing Wi-Fi, as every device gets its own ray of light.
3.       According to recent report tabled in the Lok Sabha, West Bengal has the highest number of arsenic-affected people in the country. State’s 83 blocks in eight districts have ground water affected by arsenic contamination. So far, state government was able to provide safe drinking water to 52% of the arsenic-affected areas in Bengal. The total number of arsenic-affected people in the country is about 1.48 crore (as of March 2017). West Bengal has topped the list with more than 1.04 crore arsenic-affected persons. Bihar is second with 16.88 lakh persons, with Assam is third with 14.48 lakh victims. According to the WHO’s guidelines the permissible limit of Arsenic in groundwater is 0.01 mg/ litre. In India the permissible limit in drinking water was only recently been revised from 0.05 mg/litre to 0.01 mg/litre. Long-term exposure to arsenic from drinking-water and food can lead to chronic arsenic poisoning. It can cause cancer, skin lesions, developmental effects, cardiovascular disease, neurotoxicity and diabetes.
4.       World Sparrow Day was globally observed on 20th March
5.       The Father Of Indian Meteorology Dev Raj Sikka, former Director of Indian institute of Tropical Meteorology passed away on 18th March 2017 due to cardiac arrest. He is famously known as Monsoon Man He was first proposed a link between the El Nino phenomenon and the Indian monsoon in 1982, but that time less importance was given to it.
6.       20th March 2017 is celebrated as International day of Happiness throughout the World.
7.       Mumbai lost its permanent voting status in the Board of Control for Cricket in India ( BCCI)
8.       Chinnu Modi, the noted Gujarati poet and  Ghazal writer  Passed away in Ahmedabad
9.       Manipur’s five- month - long economic  blockade came to an end in the third week of March 2017
10.   World bank has announced  57 billion US dollar financing for Sub Saharan African region for next three  fiscal years
11.  First fully India-made train (rake) Medha was flagged off at Dadar station in Mumbai, capital of Maharashtra by Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu via videoconferencing. It has been manufactured by the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Its rake with 12 coaches has capacity of 6,050 passengers and 1,168 seats. It has in-built systems to minimise breakdowns during the travel. The rake can run at a speed of 110 kmph, It also has LED lighting which reduces energy consumption by approximately 30-35% as compared to the existing rakes. It is also fitted with GPS-based information system to indicate the stations and also has a facility that will help motormen communicate with a guard in case of emergencies.
12.  India’s longest surface tunnel in Jammu and Kashmir’s Udhampur district is complete. The 9-km-long tunnel at Chenani passes through the lower Himalayan mountain range on Jammu- Srinagar National Highway. The 9-km-long twin-tube tunnel located at an elevation of 1,200 metres. It is an important part of a 286-km-long four-lane project on the highway. It is India’s first tunnel equipped with world class integrated tunnel control system through which ventilation, signals, fire control, communication and electrical systems are automatically actuated. It reduces travel distance between Jammu and Srinagar by 30 kilometres and save time by three to four hours.
13.  Five-time Parliamentarian and BJP’s firebrand leader Yogi Adityanath (44) was sworn in as the 21st Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. Keshav Prasad Maurya and Dinesh Sharma were sworn in as Deputy Chief Ministers. They were administered the oath to the office and secrecy by Governor Ram Naik at oath taking ceremony held in Kanshiram Smriti Upvan in Lucknow.
14.   Former RSS pracharak and Uttarakhand BJP chief  Trivendra Singh Rawat (56) was sworn in as ninth Chief Minister of Uttarakhand. He was administered oath to office and secrecy by Governor Krishan Kant Paul at oath taking ceremony held in Parade ground of Dehradun.
15.   India and Pakistan is going to hold a two day meet to discuss about Indus Water Treaty.
16.   KT Irfan , the National  Record holder clocked an impressive thing to win a bronze in the 20 km Men’s event in the Asian Race walk Championship which is held in Japan .
17.   The telecom giant “ Idea  Cellular “ announced that its board has approved the merger of Vodafone India and its wholly -owned subsidiary Vodafone Mobile Services Limited with itself.
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18.   The Indian Cricketer  Cheteshwar Pujara  came in news for facing most number of balls in a test  match. On 19th March 2017. His 202 off 525 balls  in the first innings during the third test match against Australia held at Ranchi.With this he became first Indian batsman to face 500 balls in an innings. This was his 3rd double  century  in his Test career. The previous record of facing maximum balls in Test innings was held by Rahul Dravid ( 270 off 495)in 2004  during a match against Pakistan in Rawalpindi.
19.   India and Russia signed two agreements  related to Su-30 MKI aircraft
20.   Justice Navanithi Prasad Singh sworn in as Kerala High Court’s  Chief Justice
21.   India and Mauritius signed an MoU  to execute  USD 20 milllion Social Housing Project  during the visit of Mauritius Vice Prime Minister and  Minister of Housing  and Lands Showkutally Soodhun to New Delhi
22.   Japan on 17th March launched a new satelliteto track and maritime movements in North Korea. The radar 5 unit was launched into space on  Japan’s H-2A rocket from Tanegashima base. The satellite will also be able to conduct surveys on the weapons programme of the secretive nuclear – armed state.
23.   A hill in the Columbia hills inside Gusev crater on planet mars is named after  Kalpana Chawla and is  called as Chawla Hill. Chawla’s  55th Birth Anniversary was  marked on 17th March 2017.
24.   Karan  Avtar Singh was appointed as Chief Secretary of Punjab. He will also took responsibility of Director General of Mahatma Gandhi state Institute of Public administration.
25.   The Union Ministry of State  for textiles Ajay Tamta on 16th March 2017 informed the Lok Sabha that the ministry approved the Solar Scheme for Small Power loom units.The minister also announced that the scheme will come into force on 1st April 2017.Under the scheme , the plants have two options i)On -Grid Solar Power Plant in areas where power cuts  and shortages are negligible and power tariff is high.ii) Off Grid Solar Power Plant in areas  where there is a power  shortage and on -grid power is not continuously available.
26.   Delhi High Court rules that parents can evict  abusive children from their house regardless of whether it is a rented property or a self acquired one.
27.   Hindustan Aeronautics Limited  expected to deliver 123 Tejas  aircrafts to IAF by 2024
28.   Al Nagah-II 2017 was the second edition of the joint exercise between India and  Oman armies was concluded on 19th March 2017 at Bakloh in Himachal Pradesh . The previous edition of the exercise was held in Muscat, Oman in 2015

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