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Daily Current Affairs for 6th & 7th Sep, 2017 ( English )

1.  Andhra Pradesh Economic Development Board (APEDB) has inked MoU with Hyperloop Transportation Technologies (HTT) for developing India’s first Hyper loop project which will come up in Andhra Pradesh, connecting its city centres, Vijayawada and Amaravati.
2. The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) retained top position among Indian Universities in the Times World University Rankings 2018. A total of 30 Universities in India featured in this edition of the list, but none was in the top 100. Top 10 in Universities in World are Oxford University (1st, UK), Cambridge University (2nd, UK), California institute of Technology (3rd, US), Stanforrd University (4th, US), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (5th, US), Harvard University (6th, US), Princeton University (7th, US), Imperial College London (8th, UK), University of Chicago (9th, US), ETH-Zurich (10th, Switzerland).
3.  NITI Aayog has constituted Expert Task Force headed by NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Dr Rajiv Kumar to provide major thrust to job creation by enhancing India’s exports. The expert task force will propose comprehensive plan of action to generate employment and alleviate under-employment and low wages by boosting India’s exports in key labour-intensive industries. It will recommend sector-specific policy interventions in key employment sectors and suggest measures to enhance trade in services with high employment potential.
4.       SLINEX 2017 (7th edition), a joint maritime naval exercise of India-Sri Lanka will be conducted from 7th to 14th September 2017 near Vishakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh) in Bay of Bengal. It aimed to reinforce strong neighbourly ties between both countries underscored by extensive maritime interaction and improved understanding.
5.       The decision of India and Japan  to boost defence ties comes amid escalating tension in region in wake of China’s growing assertiveness in South China Sea and nuclear test by North Korea . This  decision was taken at the India-Japan annual defence ministerial dialogue held in Tokyo .It aimed to further strengthen defence and security cooperation under the framework of the ‘Japan-lndia Special Strategic and Global Partnership’.
6.       TRAI (The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India ) has recommended delicensing of chunk of spectrum in few bands to facilitate smooth roll-out of machine-to-machine (M2M) communications. Unlike person-to-person (P2P) communication, M2M technologies involve communication between two devices. Under this technology, devices will be fitted with SIM or universal integrated circuit card (eUICC). TRAI has suggested that no separate spectrum band will be allocated exclusively for M2M services, rather it will utilise existing license exempt airwaves. TRAI has suggested to Department of Telecom (DoT) that all existing operators should be allowed to provide connectivity for M2M services.
7.       India and Myanmar have signed 11 MoUs after Prime Minister Narendra Modi held wide-ranging talks with Myanmar’s State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi in Nay Pyi Taw. The focus of visit was to strengthen cooperation in security and counter-terrorism, trade and investment, infrastructure and energy and culture between both countries. MoU on Maritime Security Cooperation, Cooperation in Medical Products Regulation, upgradation of Women’s Police Training Centre at Yamethin, Myanmar, Sharing White Shipping Information between Indian Navy and Myanmar Navy, in the field of elections between Election Commission of India and Election Commission of Myanmar, Cooperation between Press Council of India and Myanmar Press Council and so on .
8.       The Union Ministry of Human Resource and Development (HRD) has launched digital platform Diksha Portal (diksha.gov.in) to teachers to make their lifestyle more digital. The portal will record complete work and accomplishment of teachers in educational institutes from start to end point till their retirement. Through this portal, all teachers across nation will be equipped with advanced digital technology. It will serve as National Digital Infrastructure for Teachers.
9.       Jharkhand, become seventh state in the country to have anti-conversion law by giving assent to the Jharkhand Religious Freedom Bill, 2017. Jharkhand Governor Draupadi Murmu gave her assent to this issue. The state government will now issue notification on the Religious Freedom Bill, after which it will become an Act. The Bill seeks to bring stringent anti-conversion law in place under which forceful or allurement induced religious conversion will be non-bailable criminal offence. Other six states with similar law are Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh.
10.   The People’s Bank of China (PBC), central bank of China has banned individuals and organisations from raising funds through initial coin offerings (ICO). ICO is an unregulated means of crowd funding for project via use of cryptocurrency such as Bitcoin,DASH, Ethereum, Monero, Litecoin, Z-cash etc.
11.   NITI Aayog  has launched National Nutrition Strategy. The National Nutrition Strategy calls for convergence between four proximate determinants of nutrition- uptake of health services, food,drinking water & sanitation and income & livelihoods. It envisages Kuposhan Mukt Bharat – linked to Swachh Bharat and Swasth Bharat. It intends at bringing nutrition to centre-stage of National Development Agenda. It lays down roadmap for targeted action to address India’s nutritional needs.
12.   The Hurricane Harvey have caused havoc in Texas and Louisiana . It is the most expensive weather disaster in the history of USA.
13.   For the first time in 7 years, there are three active hurricanes in the Atlantic . The category -5 Irma , on course over Turks and Caicos  towards Southern Bahamas and southern Florida. The Category -1 Katia , gaining strength but stationary in the Gulf of Mexico, The Category-1 Jose on a tentative path back towards Barbuda, Antigua and Puerto Rico - the island’s second hurricane in last three days. The hurricane Irma caused massive damage in carribean.
14.   The State Government of Assam has set up a Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) cell for  the implementation of DBT  schemes across the country. Its purpose is to co-ordinate efforts at the state level in taking the DBT initiative forward with immediate effect.
15.   The 10 day long Narmada Mahotsav yatra was flagged off by Gujarat CM at Surendranagar district to commemorate the completion of Sardar Sarovar Dam on the Narmada river . It would culminate at Dabhoi where PM Modi would be addressing the gathering. The main aim of this yatra is to create awareness about the importance of increased water supply from Narmada canal- based projects in different parts of the state.
16.   The Union Govt has asked the states to focus on the early implementation of PPP ( Public Private Partnership ) projects based smart city projects. They urged all the states and UT’s to ensure commencement of work on 261 smart city projects in 60 cities by November 2017.
17.   UJALA scheme was launched in Melaka, Malaysia to promote the concept of energy efficiency.
18.   Mother Teresa was declared as the co-patron of Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Calcutta recently, 131 years after St Francis Xavier was declared as first patron.
19.   US President Donald Trump has raised a furor with his decision to withdraw work permit to those who arrived  in the nation illegally as children.
20.   A giant black hole nearly 100000 times the mass of the sun has been detected near the heart of the Milky Way . with this finding, the newly detected black hole becomes Milky Way’s 2nd largest known black hole at its very centre , Sagittarius A*. This findings were published in journal Nature Astronomy.
21.    A group of Germany Scientists have said that solar storms could have been the reason behind the mass beaching of sperm whales in the countries around  North sea in 2016. The research was published in Aug 2017 in the International Journal of Astrobiology.
22.   Infosys co- founder N R Narayana Murthy was conferred with PLuS Alliance Prize 2017 along with Mumbai- born scientist Veena Sahajwalla . This is a prestigious honor that recognizes research innovation, education innovation, global leadership and glob innovation. Murthy was conferred this award for his Global Leadership and Veena for  Research innovation for her Project ‘The new science of Green Manufacturing”
23.   First batch of 1000 e-rickshaws was launched from Huda City Centre Metro station in Gurugram  by Nitin Gadkari . The e-rickshaw fleet under the brand name ‘SmartE’ will provide cost effective and pollution free substitute in transport system of Gurugram along with generating employment opportunities to marginalized youth.
24.   Scientists have developed an ultra thin artificial leaf that absorbs sunlight to generate hydrogen fuel from water, similar to an actual plant leaf.
25.   UNESCO Director General Irina Bokova announced the names of two laureates from Peru and Thailand recommended by International Jury for the winners of 2017 edition of the UNESCO Prize for Girl’s and Women’s Education.The Development and Education Programme for Daughters and communities centre in the Greater Mekong Sub Region ( DEPDC/GMS) in Thailand is awarded for its project entitled  “ Education and Life skills training Programme to help stateless children and women migrating from Shan state to Thailand. The second winner is “Mobile MaCTec Bus Labs/ Mini Academy of Science and Technology , Peru for its efforts in reducing the gender gap among the girls of rural areas in the field of Science ,Technolongy, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM).
26.   The Ministry of Home affairs has enhanced the financial powers of the Chiefs of Central armed police forces, empowering them to spend up to Rs 15 Cr and Rs 1 Cr for executing major and Minor Projects.
27.The Union Ministry of Development of North Eastern region ( DoNER) will be organizing an event called North East Calling on 9-10 Sep 2017. The event will be organized under its Destination North East Series of the year 2017. This is to promote the  art, culture, heriage, cuisine, handicrafts, business and tourism of NE India. 

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