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Daily Current Affairs for 27th November 2017 ( English)

1.       India and Russia have signed comprehensive anti-terror pact agreement for enhancing bilateral cooperation in tackling all forms of terrorism and countering threat posed by narcotics. Both countries emphasized need to strength of relationship between them which has been consolidated in past 70 years in all areas. The agreement was signed by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh and Russia’s Interior Minister Vladimir Kolokoltsev in Moscow after they held wide-ranging talks.
2.       An intensive training program for Elected Women Representatives (EWRs) of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) and Master Trainers have been launched by the Union Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) in New Delhi. It aims to train approximately twenty thousand EWRs covering nearly 50 EWRs from each district by March 2018. It is for first time ever initiative of this scale has been taken up to train EWRs who will go out and administer villages professionally. It is capacity building program organized by National Institute of Public Cooperation and Child Development (NIPCCD) of WCD Ministry. The Capacity building of EWRs is critical to empower women to participate effectively in governance processes.
3.       (INSPIRE 2017)- The first edition of International Symposium to Promote Innovation & Research in Energy Efficiency was held in Jaipur, Rajasthan. The  objective was to provide common platform for energy efficiency community to discuss energy efficiency policies, emerging technologies, market transformation strategies, delivery and business-model driven transformations. The five-day symposium was organized by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) in partnership with World Bank and Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy ( AEEE). This international conference aimed to bring together various stakeholders such as policy makers, innovators, financiers, influencers to showcase best practises.
4.       India and Greece have signed Air Services Agreement (ASA) and MoU on Cooperation (MoC) in field of New and Renewable Energy. ASA is signed between countries to decide on number of flights that airlines can fly into each other’s countries. Under it, there is no restriction on flights or seats. The agreements were signed after bilateral talks between External Affairs Minister (EAM) Sushma Swaraj and her visiting counterpart Minister for Foreign Affairs of Greece Nikos Kotzias in New Delhi.
5.       The increases in cocktail of drought and heat waves were seen particularly in Maharashtra and Southern Gujarat, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Central India. Researchers from Indian Institute of Science (IISc) have found that frequency of heatwaves accompanied by drought has increased in magnitude and in area over past three decades in India. The conclusion was based on analysis of rainfall and temperature data of 50 years. Researchers had compared Heatwave Magnitude Index daily (HWMId) — which combines duration and magnitude of heatwaves — and Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI), which defines meteorological drought from 1951 to 1981.
6.       According to recently published study conducted using geochemical proxies, high-resolution data and chemical signatures preserved in carbonate rocks formed from seawater, boost in levels of oxygen may have caused three-fold increase in biodiversity (or biodiversification) during between 445 and 485 million years ago. 
7.       World’s first artificial intelligence politician named SAM has been developed by Scientists from New Zealand. It was created by Nick Gerritsen, entrepreneur in New Zealand. The virtual politician SAM can answer person’s queries regarding local issues such as policies around housing, education and immigration. It constantly learns to respond to people through Face book Messenger as well as a survey on its homepage. It may help to bridge the growing political and cultural divide in many countries. 
8.       IMMSAREX 2017-International Multilateral Maritime Search and Rescue Exercise was held in Bangladesh from November 26 to 28 2017. The exercise is taking place under the aegis of Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS). Indian Naval Ships (INS) Ranvir, Sahyadri, Gharial and Sukanya along with one Maritime Patrol Aircraft P-8I participatied in the exercise. From India, Navy Chief Admiral Sunil Lanba participated in the exercise to consolidate bilateral naval relations between India and Bangladesh and to explore new avenues for naval cooperation.
9.       For the first time, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has formulated clinical guidelines on responding to children and adolescents who have been sexually abused. The guidelines put best interests of children first by ensuring confidentiality and privacy, respecting their autonomy and wishes and addressing needs with vulnerabilities such as LGBT adolescents. The guidelines are grounded in human rights standards and ethical principles. They will assist frontline health care providers — general practitioners, gynecologists, nurses and others — who may directly receive victim of sexual abuse or may identify sexual abuse during course of diagnosis and treatment.
10.   Renowned author and Padma Bhushan Awardee Ruskin Bond was presented with Lifetime Achievement award by the Chandigarh Literary Society during the 5th edition of Chandigarh Literary Festival. He was conferred with the award comprising a citation and Rs 2 lakh for his outstanding contribution in the field of literature.
11.   Soumiya Swaminathan, Chief of Indian Council of Medical Research ( ICMR) will, take charge as the Deputy Director- General for Programmes(DDP) of World Health Organisation( WHO) in Geneva in December 2017.Soumiya , a pediatrician by training is daughter of  agriculture scientist MS Swaminathan, who is hailed as the ‘Father of Green revolution “Her appointment as Deputy Director-General of WHO made India’s stature  globally as it is the second- highest position in the WHO.
12. ISRO will launch its first solar mission Aditya –L1 in 2019. It will be India’s and ISRO’s first dedicated mission to study the sun. The mission will provide observation’s of sun’s photosphere ( soft and hard X-ray), Chromosphere (UV) and Corona ( Visible and NIR). The particle payloads will study the flux emanating from the Sun  and reaching the LI orbit and magnetometer payload will measure the variation in magnetic field strength at the halo orbit. 


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