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Daily Current affairs for 6th & 7th March 2018 ( English)


Tamil Nadu:
1.       Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI)’s head quarter is shifted from Chennai, Tamil Nadu to Ballabhgarh in Faridabad District of Haryana. This decision was taken after consultation with AWBI for better coordination between the Environment Ministry and AWBI for carrying out the animal welfare activities. Initially it was within jurisdiction of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture. Later in 1990, the subject of Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was transferred to Environment Ministry.
National:
1.     India’s first helicopter shuttle service (HeliTaxi) was launched in IT capital Bengaluru, Karnataka. The trail trip of helitaxi was between Electronic City and Kempegowda International Airport in Bengaluru. It was provided by Thumby Aviation. Bengaluru has poor road density (measure of road length per square km area of land) as compared to other Indian cities. So such service was needed much more than other cities to ferry air passengers to and from the city.
2.       On March 6,2018,  the Centre  told the Supreme Court that the selection committee for appointing a Lokpal has decided to first fill up the vacancy of an eminent jurist in the panel, which also includes the Prime Minister. Senior advocate P P Rao was appointed as an eminent jurist in the panel but the post became vacant after he passed away last year.
3.       Sukhad Yatra mobile application and 1033 Toll-free Emergency number for highway users has been launched by Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (MoRTH). It also provides users with real-time data related to waiting time expected at plazas and various facilities like points of interest, highway nest and nest mini, etc. available across highway. It also launched scheme for District Driving Training Centres. Under it, at least one model driving training centre will be set up in each district of States/UTs. MoRTH will provide financial assistance of up to Rs. 1 crore for these centres. The financial assistance will be provided for administering Road Safety Advocacy and awards for outstanding done in field of Road Safety.
4.       The Supreme Court directed the CBSE not to make Aadhaar number mandatory for enrolment of students appearing in NEET 2018 and other all India exams. A five-judge Constitution bench headed by Chief justice Dipak Misra directed the CBSE to upload the information on their website.
5.       The Pension Fund Regulatory Development Authority (PFRDA) has relaxed the norms for partial withdrawal under the National Pension Scheme (NPS). The subscriber need to be subscribed to NPS for a period of three years from the date of joining to be eligible to make partial withdrawals, under specific circumstances as specified in such regulations.
6.     The Railway Board has instructed zonal railways to link the arrival and departure of trains with data loggers from January 1, 2018 and report authentic punctuality status across 41 major stations.
7.     Vision for Future' event organised by the Ministry of External Affairs (Eurasia Division) and the International Federation of Indo-Russian Youth Clubs was held in New Delhi on March 6, 2018 to commemorate 70 years of the Indo-Russia ties.
8.       #YesIBleed menstrual hygiene campaign on the occasion of International Women’s Day 2018 has launched by the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It has been initiated formally across all multi-media platforms, including Facebook and YouTube to spread awareness about issue. It is second edition of such campaign that aims to create holistic approach to issue of menstruation, which is experience that transcends culture, class, and caste. The National Commission of Women (NCW) has extended full support to Shewings in endevour to spread awareness about the core issue of every woman’s concern.
9.       Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) has been imported from United States for the first time by India. The development comes on the heels of India’s first import of crude oil from the US in October 2017.
10.   46th edition of Know India Programme (KIP) was attended by 40 participants of Indian Origin from 9 countries in Madhya Pradesh. KIP is initiative (scheme) of Ministry of External Affairs for Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) between the age group of 18 to 30 years. The scheme was launched in 2004. As part of the initiative participants visited Madhya Pradesh, Parliament House, President’s House and attended orientation programme at the Foreign Service Institute.
11.   49 lakh LED street lights were installed in 28 states/UTs  by the Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) under the Street Lighting National Programme (SLNP). It is world’s Largest Street Light Replacement Programme. Rajasthan was the first state to adopt this scheme. This Programme was launched in Jan 2015 by PM Modi with an aim to replace 1.34 crore conventional street lights with energy efficient LED lights by March, 2019.
12.   The Ministry of Human Resource Development has sanctioned Rs. 1000 crore for phase II of Impacting Research Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT) India programme to boost research and innovation in the country. IMPRINT India Programme is joint initiative of Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and Indian Institute of Science (IISc). It seeks to develop road map for research to solve major engineering and technology challenges in 10 technology domains relevant for country.
13.   The Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry has released draft Indian National Strategy for Standardisation for standardisation of products and services to provide level playing field to domestic industry and adopt best global practices.

International:
1.       World Trade Organization (WTO) has decided to set up panel to examine whether India has complied with its 2016 ruling in case against US regarding domestic content requirements (DCR) rules for solar cells and modules. In 2013, US had filed complaint before WTO, arguing that domestic content requirement imposed under India’s ambitious Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (NSM) violates global trading rules by unfavorably discriminating against imported solar cells and modules..
2.       Iraq has overtaken Saudi Arabia to become India’s top crude oil supplier by supplying 38.9 million tonnes (MT) crude oil in the current financial year.
3.       North and South Korea will hold their first summit in more than a decade in late April, 2018. This  announcement was made by South Korea’s presidential office on March 6, 2018 after its senior delegation returned from its two-day visit to the North where they met leader Kim Jong Un. 
4.       The wreck of a US aircraft carrier that sunk during World War Two has been found off the coast of Australia. The United States navy stated that the ship - Lexington - along with 11 of its 35 aircrafts was discovered by a search team led by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen on March 4, 2018.Some of the ship's aircrafts are reported to be in a remarkably good condition.
5.       Philanthropist Michael Bloomberg( Ambassador for WHO) announced to spend USD 20 million US dollars to launch an anti-tobacco watchdog to detect and expose deceptive practices by the tobacco industry
Science & Technology/Defence :
1.       Silver copper telluride (AgCuTe), a novel compound that exhibits poor thermal conductivity but shows good electrical conductivity was developed by researchers from Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), Bengaluru.
2.       A new malware called Saposhi was detected by Cybersecurity agencies that can take over electronic devices and use them for Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks. In DDoS attacks, malware first creates network of bots — called botnet and then uses botnet to ping single server beyond its capacity at same time. As number of pings are far beyond server’s capacity, server crashes and denies service to its consumers. Malwares like Saposhi, Reaper and Mirai are primarily are used for DDoS attacks.
3.       M777 ultra-light howitzers (ULH) has been test fired by the joint investigation committee (JIC) comprising US and Indian officials at Pokhran firing range in Rajasthan. The team will review results of this test soon.. The test was conducted in the wake of accident during its trial in September 2017. As part of deal, two M777 ULHs were brought to India May 2017 for field firing with Indian ammunition to compile firing tables that provide data such as range and elevation. But during September 2017 trial firing, the projectile had bursted in barrel of howitzers. After accident, two sides had formed joint team to examine issue.


Economy/Banking:
1.       The Union Government has set up 8 member steering committee headed by Economic Affairs Secretary Subhash  Chandra Garg to look into the development and regulation of the financial technology (fintech) sector in India. It will look into issues to make fintech-related regulations more flexible and generate enhanced entrepreneurship in area where India has distinctive comparative strengths vis-à-vis other emerging economies.
2.       India’s candidature to international financial institution has been approved by the shareholders of European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) With this, India will become the 69th member of EBRD. EBRD is a multilateral developmental investment bank headquartered in London, United Kingdom
Appointments/Resignations:
1.       Senior Indian-origin Scotland Yard officer Neil Basu became first person of Asian heritage to be appointed as Counterterrorism Chief. He will take charge as Scotland Yard’s National Lead for Counter Terrorism (CT) and Head of Met Police’s Specialist Operations.
2.       Biplab Kumar Deb will be sworn in as the new Chief Minister of Tripura and Jishnu Debbarman will be the Deputy Chief Minister. The oath-taking ceremony will be held on March 9. BJP won over CPM (Communist Party of India – Marxist). CPM had been ruling Tripura for 25 years.
3.       Conrad Sangma took charge as Chief Minister of Meghalaya. 12th chief minister of Meghalaya in Shillong. He is the President of National People’s Party (NPP). The oath was administered by Meghalaya Governor Ganga Prasad. 11 Cabinet Ministers also took oath during the ceremony.
4.       Ryoko Azuma was appointed as the commander of a unit that consists of Japan’s biggest warship. With this, She became Japan’s first female chief of warship unit
5.       SBI Life Insurance Company Ltd announced that, P K Gupta has been named the nominee director on SBI Life Board by SBI.
Sports:
      1. India’s Manu Bhaker has won gold medal in the women’s 10m air pistol by defeating Mexico’s Alejandra Zavala in the ISSF World Cup in Guadalajara, Mexico.and Ravi Kumar has won bronze medal in the men’s 10m air pistol  This is Ravi Kumar’s  first World Cup medal.
Deaths:
1.       Veteran Bollywood actor Shammi (89) passed away on March 6, 2018 following prolonged illness. Shammi was also well-known for her comic roles in television shows such as Dekh Bhai Dekh, Zabaan Sambhal Ke, Shriman Shrimati and Filmi Chakkar.
2.       Justice D Sreedevi, former judge of the Kerala high court, died on 5th March,2018  while she was undergoing treatment for some ailment in Kaloor, Kerala.


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