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Daily Current Affairs for June 5-6,2018 ( English)

Important days:
1.     June 5-World Environment Day was observed across the world with the theme of 2018 is ‘Beat Plastic Pollution’. The theme ‘Beat Plastic Pollution’ is a call to action to reduce the heavy burden of plastic pollution on natural places and wildlife.
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National:
1.     The Uttarakhand Government has decided to completely prohibit the use of polythene or plastic from July 31, 2018. The state would also be launching a comprehensive public awareness campaign on the environmental damage caused by polythene, one week before the complete ban on polythene. The move is aimed at curbing rampant use of plastic, which is increasingly becoming a huge environmental challenge. All the polythene vendors in Uttarakhand have been asked to finish the polythene stock before July 31.
2.     The eleventh edition of Geo-Intelligence Asia 2018 was held at Manekshaw Centre in New Delhi on June 4-5, 2018. The seminar included an exhibition comprising stalls of various technological firms dealing with geospatial technologies.
3.     Three high-powered panels that will work to set up a unique museum on the 'Prime Ministers of India' in the national capital Delhi was formed by the Union Ministry of Culture on June 5, 2018.  The Culture Ministry has long been planning to set up a modern museum that will tell the story of all the prime ministers of the country at the official residence of India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, the premises of the iconic Teen Murti Estate in the Chanakyapuri area.
4.     The National Consultation on Child Protection was organized by the Union Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) on June 5, 2018 in New DelhiThe first part of National Consultation focused on deliberations with regard to JJ Act, 2015; POCSO Act, 2012; Trackchild and Childline (1098) with an aim to introspect on various issues and concerns which have manifested lately.
5.     The Ministry of Women and Child Development proposed amendments to the Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act (IRWA), 1986 with an aim to ban obscene and indecent depiction of women on internet.
6.     The 3rd National Health Editors' Conference on Yoga was inaugurated by AYUSH Minister Shripad Naik in New Delhi. While inaugurating the conference he said that Government is developing a Yoga Protocol for women in the age group of 40 plus in consultation with Indian Menopause Society. He also said, the International Day of Yoga, which will be celebrated on the 21st of this month, is the only occasion where people across the globe come together in such a large number and take active participation. 
7.     The Supreme Court on June 5, 2018 allowed the Union government to go ahead with reservation in promotion for employees belonging to the SC and ST category in accordance with law. The government said there were separate verdicts by the high court’s of Delhi, Bombay and Punjab and Haryana on the issue of reservation in promotion to SC/ST employees and the apex court had also passed different orders on appeals filed against those judgement. 
8.     The government will begin a five-year exercise to compute district-level data of the country’s environmental wealth. The results of this study will eventually be used to calculate every State’s ‘green’ Gross Domestic Product (GDP).The metric will help in calculating compensation to be paid during land acquisition, calculation of funds required for climate mitigation, and so on.
9.     The Agro-Processing Financial Institution which will exclusively fund food processing projects will soon  be created by the Ministry of Food Processing. This NBFC in food sector will create capacity building in the field of risk assessment and ease lending to food processing sector.
10.  As per the Status of Environment Report India 2015 that was released by Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan, India’s forest cover stood at 21.34 percent in 2015, an increase of 1.29 percent from 2009. Mizoram has the highest forest cover among the states and Union territories in the country with 89 percent. Assam’s forest cover at 35 percent was the lowest.
11.  Himachal Pradesh CM Jairam Thakur flagged off a helicopter taxi service operated by Pawan Hans. It will cost Rs 2999 per person and can accommodate 19 persons. This will reduce the travel time between Shimla and Chandigarh to 20 minutes.
12.  To study the Special Economic Zones (SEZ) Policy of India, a group of eminent persons headed by Baba Kalyani, Chairman of Bharat Forge has constituted by the Union Government.
13.  The Union Cabinet was apprised of the progress report of Special Committee for Inter-Linking of Rivers. The Status Report consists of substantial progress made in three priority links - Ken-Betwa Link, Damanganga-Pinjal Link and Para-Tapi-Narmada Link.It also gives status of other Himalayan and Peninsular links identified as per National Perspective Plan of 1980.
14.  The assent to the promulgation of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018 has given by the President of India on June 6, 2018. This ordinance brings some specific changes affecting mainly real estate and financial sectors. i) The IBC law will recognize the homebuyers as financial creditors ii) The amendment ordinance gives some special benefits to the Micro, Small and Medium Sector Enterprises. iii) The ordinance permits the withdrawal of the insolvency applications only if it is approved by 90% vote share of the CoC. 
15.  Rs. 8500 Crore bailout package for the distressed sugar industry in the country has been approved by the Union Cabinet. India is world’s second largest sugar producer after Brazil with production of around 20-25 million tonnes of sugar every year. The sugar production was 25.13 million tonnes in 2015-16 sugar season (sugar season ~ October to September); 20.2 million tonnes in 2016-17, 25 million tonnes in 2017-18 and is expected to be around 30 million tonnes in 2018-19. Currently, UP is India’s foremost sugar producing state and it is likely to maintain this position for the next two years. Maharashtra is on number 2 in production of both sugarcane as well as sugar.
International:
1.       A meeting between external affairs ministers of India, Brazil and South Africa was organized in Pretoria, South Africa. This ministerial summit chaired by India’s External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj was attended by South African Minister of International Affairs and Cooperation Lindiwe Sisulu and the Brazilian Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Marcos Bezerra Abbott Galvao. The outcome of this meeting was a document titled IBSA Declaration on South-South Cooperation. This document calls for contribtion of each of the member of IBSA forum to contribute to greater understanding of development cooperation as a common endeavour of the global South.
Economy:
1.       The six members Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of RBI has decided to hike Repo (short term lending rate) to 6.25% from 6.00%.As per the second Bi-monthly Monetary Policy Statement, the current policy rates of RBI would be as follows: Repo Rate: 6.25% Reverse Repo Rate: 6.00 % Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) Rate: 6.50%.
First in State/India /International:
1.     Saudi Arabia's General Traffic Directorate has issued first driving licenses to 10 women, about ten months after a royal decree was issued ending the decades-long ban on driving by women. The move will allow women across the gulf kingdom to drive cars on their own from June 24, 2018. The General Traffic Department has sought to open and operate driving schools dedicated to women. The move is a part of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad Bin Salman's liberalisation drive. Saudi Arabia was the only country in the world where women were not allowed to drive. 
2.     The “first ever” physical evidence of chariots dating from 2000 BC – 1800 BC has been found by the Archeological Survey of India during a trial excavation in Sanauli village near Baghpat.


Scheme:
1.       Under the Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP), the Union Minister of State for Chemicals and Fertilizers, Mansukh L Mandaviya, launched the ‘Janaushadhi Suvidha’, the oxo-biodegradable sanitary napkin in Delhi on June 4, 2018. The average price of sanitary napkins available in the market currently is around Rs 8 per pad, whereas the Suvidha napkins will be available at Rs 2.50 per pad. The affordable sanitary napkin will now be made available at over 3600 Janaushadhi Kendras functional in 33 states and union territories across the country.
2.       The Krishi Kalyan Abhiyaan to aid, assist and advice farmers on how to improve their farming techniques and raise their incomes from June 1, 2018 till July 31, 2018 has launched by  the Union Ministry of Agriculture and farmers’ welfare. The Krishi Kalyan Abhiyaan will be undertaken in 25 Villages with more than 1000 population, each in 111 Aspirational Districts identified in consultation with Ministry of Rural Development as per directions of NITI Ayog. In the districts where the number of villages is less than 25, all villages will be covered(with more than 1000 population).
Appointments:
1.     Mahesh Kumar Jain, MD & CEO of IDBI Bank was appointed as the fourth deputy governor of the Reserve Bank of India on June 4, 2018. He would be serving a term of three years. In his new role, Jain is expected to be put in charge of banking supervision. 

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