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Daily Current Affairs for 27th & 28th July, 2017 ( English )

1.       Lok Sabha passed the Companies Act (Amendment Bill) 2016. It amends the provisions related to the composition of the Selection Committee of the National Companies Law Tribunal and the National Companies Law Appellate Tribunal.
2.        Donald Trump’s administration has reaffirmed support to India’s bid to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group ( NSG) and has urged other members of the elite grouping  as well to support its claim.
3.       Iran has successfully launched its most advanced satellite carrying rocket called “Simorgh “ into space . The development marks a significant step forward for the Islamic Republic’s young space program.
4.       PM Modi on 27th July 2017 inaugurated the Dr. APJ  Abdul Kalam memorial at Pei Karumbu, Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu. He unveiled the Statue of Dr. Kalam. He also  flagged off “ Kalam Sandesh Vahini “  an exhibition bus which shall travel across various States of the Country and reach Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi on 15th Oct 2017  which marks the birth anniversary of Dr. Kalam.
5.        Trump has banned Transgender individuals from serving in US Military.
6.       Bolivian President Eva Morales  has declared that his nation has achieved “ total independence from world Bank and IMF” in July 2017
7.       July 28 – World Hepatitis Day with the theme of 2017 : “ Eliminate Hepatitis “ to mobilize intensified action towards the health targets in 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.
8.       The National Centre for Seismology (NCS) developed a mobile app “India Quake “ for automatic dissemination of earthquake parameter ( location, time and magnitude ) after the occurrence of earthquakes. The Union Minister of Science & Technology Harsh Vardhan  launched the app on the Foundation day of Ministry of Earth Sciences in New Delhi .
9.       Scientists from Oregon Health and Science University, US used the CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing technology to alter human DNA in single-cell embryos, which allows specific sections of DNA to be altered or replaced.  This is for the first time they have successfully edited genes of human embryos to correct defective DNA that cause inherited diseases.
10.   The Supreme Court has ruled that the police cannot arrest the accused without conducting a preliminary inquiry under dowry harassment cases. The ruling was made by a SC bench of Justices A K Goel and UU Lalit. With this, apex court put an end to immediate arrest of the husband and his family members in the dowry harassment cases filed under Section 498A of Indian Penal Code (IPC).
11.   The NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog has approved 6 transport proposals which include high-tech mass rapid transportation technologies such as metrino, hyperloop, pod taxis, stadler buses, hybrid buses and freight rail road of the transport ministry exploring options to improve public transport. The transport ministry has formed a six member committee, headed by former top official of Railways, to study safety parameters associated with these technologies and their best global practices.
12.   BRICS Taxation Cooperation Memorandum have signed by the  Tax authorities of the BRICS- Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa to establish a mechanism for taxation cooperation.
13.   India’s Ajay Singh has won bronze medal in 77 kgs men’s junior category  in the 2017 Asian Youth and Junior Weightlifting Championships held at Kathmandu, Nepal. Earlier, S. Nirpupama Devi had won bronze in 69 kgs women youth categoryKonsam Ormila Devi from Manipur had won gold medal in 44kg weight category. His win takes India’s medal tally to three in the championship.
14.   New artificial intelligence (AI) software called SurfNet was developed by the Scientists including one of Indian origin. This software can create three dimensional (3D) models from 2D photographs.
15.   2017  BRICS Labour and Employment Ministers’ meeting held in Chongqing, China. BRICS countries-Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa have agreed to work together to ensure stable employment and better quality of life for their people. They passed BRICS Labour and Employment Ministerial Declaration. BRICS Summit to be held in Xiamen, China in September 2017.
16.   The Union Cabinet has approved the Labour Code on Wages Bill which will ensure a minimum wage across all sectors by integrating existing labour related laws.
17.   The Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) has adopted three Codex standards for black, white and green pepper, cumin and thyme. It is for first time pepper, cumin and thyme, spices will have such universal standards. These standards were adopted at 40th session of CAC held in Geneva.
18.   Scientists from NASA for first time are planning to chase the shadow of the moon using two of NASA’s WB-57F research jets during the upcoming total solar eclipse in US. The purpose of the chase is to capture the clearest ever images of the Sun’s outer atmosphere.
19.   Scientists have discovered new species of glow-in-the-dark shark named Etmopterus lailae and belongs to lantern shark family that is living 1,000 feet below the Pacific Ocean off the coast of the northwestern Hawaiian islands.
20.   Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar resigned from his post by submitting his resignation to Governor Keshri Nath Tripathi. Governor has accepted his resignation and asked him to continue as caretaker CM.
21.   The Parliament has passed The Collection of Statistics (Amendment) Bill, 2017 after it was approved by the Rajya Sabha, which was already passed by Lok Sabha. The bill aims at amending the Collection of Statistics Bill, 2008, which facilitates the collection of statistics related to social, economic, demographic, scientific and environmental aspects, by central, state and local governments.
22.   The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has apprised Joint Declaration of Intent (JDI) between on Indo German-Centre for Sustainability (IGCS).which was concluded during the fourth Inter-Governmental Consultations (IGC) between India and Germany in Berlin held in May 2017.
23.   The Union Cabinet has approved revision of guidelines of Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGB) Scheme with a view to achieve its intended objectives. It aims to make it more attractive, mobilise finances as per the target and reduce the economic strains caused by imports of gold and reduce Current Account Deficit (CAD).
24.   The Jim Corbett National Park , Uttarakhand  records second highest tiger count in India  behind Karnataka which has 400 big cats . The count of tiger shot up to 242 with an increase of 63 big cats in the year 2017.
25.   Somdev Devvarman , former Indian Tennis player   was  chosen as  head Centre of Excellence at the Delhi Law Tennis Association ( DLTA).

26.   The Airports Authority of India ( AAI)  has signed a MoU with the Uttarakhand Govt and  Uttarakhand Civil Aviation Development Authority ( UCADA) to develop state’s  civil aviation sector.

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