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Daily Current affairs from 12th to 14th August 2017 ( English)

1.     A micropropulsion system called a Film-Evaporation MEMS Tunable Array (FEMTA) thruster that uses liquid water as the propellant for orbital maneuvering of tiny satellites called CubeSats have been designed and tested by Engineers from Purdue University in US.
2.     Aug 12- International Youth Day is observed across the world to draw attention to a given set of cultural and legal issues surrounding youth. The theme for this year is ‘Youth Building Peace‘.I t aims at celebrating young people’s contributions in preventing conflicts and bringing about transformations along with social justice, inclusion and sustainable peace.
3.     The Olympic Task Force has recommended that an Empowered Steering Committee should be established for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics and introduction of a ‘Pradhan  Mantri  Gold  Card’ for elite athletes and coaches as  an identity of being a “ National Asset “
4.     Devendra Fadnavis , ( CM of Maharashtra) has launched “ Namo Yuva Rojgar Kendra “ to provide job opportunities to the employed youth in Mumbai.
5.     ‘SheMeansBusiness’ programme to train women entrepreneurs in the state has  been launched by Odisha government and social networking giant Facebook . Under this initiative, 25, 000 women entrepreneurs and self-help group (SHG) members from the state will be given training on digital marketing skills within by the end of 2018. Facebook will monitor the growth of the MSMEs in Odisha after imparting training to them in next one year. It was launched in partnership between Odisha’s MSME (micro, small and medium enterprises) department and Project Mission Shakti. 
6.     India’s first gold options contract  is going to launch by Commodity derivatives bourse Multi Commodity Exchange Ltd (MCX) has  received approval from  markets regulator SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India).
7.     Prasoon Joshi was appointed as the new Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) for tenure of three years by the Union Information and Broadcasting Ministry. Prasoon Joshi is renowned songwriter-poet known for his contribution to various films and for designing successful ad campaigns.
8.     According to data released by the Central Statistics Office (CSO). India’s factory outputmeasured by the Index of Industrial Production (IIP) has registered negative 0.1% growth in June 2017. In June 2016, it had grown 8%. It was mainly due to a fall in output of the manufacturing and capital goods sectors.
9.     The Second volume of Economic Survey 2016-17 has proposed Transparency of Rules Act (TORA), a progressive legislation to end any asymmetry of information regarding rules and regulations faced by an average citizen. TORA will require all government departments to mandatorily place all citizen-friendly rules on their website. Government websites will also have to notify the date and time of each change made. TORA will normally be applicable after a specified time after the rule has been posted. “TORA compliant” departments will ensure that citizens get authentic and updated information.
10.  The Economic Survey 2016-17 Volume II released recently has taken into consideration various challenges faced by the Agriculture sector in India. It has suggested multi-dimensional Agricultural and Food Management Reforms Measures.
11.  ICGS Shaurya is fifth of a series of six OPVs ( offshore Patrol Vessel ) designed in-house and built by GSL ( Goa, Shipyard Ltd )in Vasco, Goa will be based at Chennai under administrative and operational control of Commander Coast Guard Region (East). It is 105-metre long and capable of cruising at a speed of 23 knots. It has a range of 6000 nautical miles. The ship has capacity to carry twin engine light helicopter and five high speed boats including quick response interceptor boats for quick boarding operations, search and rescue, law enforcement and maritime patrol. It is also capable of carrying pollution response equipment to combat oil spill contamination. 
12.  Gaj Yatra a nationwide campaign to protect elephants has launched on the occasion of World Elephant Day observed on August 12 by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forest. The campaign is planned to cover 12 elephant range states across the country. It is 15 months campaign the will be led by the Wildlife Trust of India (WTI). The ‘Gaju’ mascot, which was released by the Ministry in 2012, will be helm of the campaign. The campaign aims create awareness about elephant corridors to encourage free movement in their habitat.
13.  To commemorate 25th anniversary of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)–India dialogue partnership in the ongoing year, the India-ASEAN Youth Summit began in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. The five day Summit will commemorative this year’s theme of “Shared Values, Common Destiny”. The first of its kind event was organised by Union Foreign Ministry, Union Sports Ministry, Madhya Pradesh government and India Foundation. Madhya Pradesh was chosen for this event as the Sanchi stupa located here strengthens the state’s cultural affiliation with the ASEAN countries.
14.  An ultrasensitive DNA chip based sensor for quick pathogen detection have developed by the Researchers form CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (CSIR-IGIB) and National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC). The DNA chip based sensor consists of a carbon electrode embedded with gold nanoparticles. The senor can detect S. pyogenesa bacterium which causes a wide range of diseases in about 30 minutes. The conventional method takes 18-24 hours identification of the S.pyogenes.
15.  Indra tri-services exercise, involving their armies, navies and the air forces in October 2017 to further ramp up military ties is going to conduct by India and Russia for first timeThe 2017 Indra exercise will be held in Russia including in mountainous Vladivostok region. It will primarily focus on achieving coordination between forces of the two countries in a tri- services integrated theatre command scenario.
16.  The Infusion Nurses Society (INS)-India in its 6th National conference launched country’s first online course on Infusion Therapy for nurses. INS is global authority in infusion therapy. Under the online course, the INS aims to train over 3000 nurses in the vital medical procedure. The course will enable members to access the various infusion therapy modules and presentations through its website.
17.  World’s first plant-based Zika vaccine was developed using proteins derived from Tobacco plant by US scientists that may be more effective, safer and cheaper than other vaccines against the mosquito-borne Zika virus. Currently, there are no licensed vaccines or therapeutics available to combat Zika. The plant-based Zika vaccine works against DIII, a part of a Zika viral protein that plays a key role for the virus to infect people.
18.  The ships and aircraft of the members and observers of the IONS including China, India and Pakistan will participate in the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium’s (IONS) maiden International Maritime Search and Rescue Exercise (IMMSAREX)  which is going to  held in November 2017 in the Bay of Bengal under the chairmanship of Bangladesh. In addition, Bangladesh is also scheduling to host “extraordinary conclave of Chiefs,” a meeting of chiefs of Navy of IONS members before it hands over the Chair to Iran.
19.  Researchers from the University of Edinburgh in Britain have discovered the largest volcanic region on Earth, two km below the surface of the vast ice sheet in west Antarctica. They have found 91 previously unknown active volcanoes in the region known as the West Antarctic rift system, adding to the exiting 47 volcanoes that were discovered earlier. This makes it largest volcanic region on the Earth.
20.  According to recent study conducted by scientists, the monster El Nino of 2014-16 caused over 3 billion tonnes of carbon to get released into the atmosphere, pushing carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration to record levels. The study was based on analysis of data collected by NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) satellite, which measures level of CO2 in the atmosphere. These are the first measurements for satellite tracking CO2 levels.
21.  An unusual breed of fruit bat previously nick named ‘Yoda” due to its resemblance to the Star Wars Jedi Master has been renamed the Happy (Hamamas) tube nose fruit bat was now officially been recognized as new species. This Yoda bat was discovered in a remote rain forest of Papua New Guinea. It was formally named as Nyctimine wrightae sp.nov is named asfter the conservationist Deb Wright
22.  Legendry Sprinter Usain Bolt retires from his career  on 13th August 2017, as his last race marred by injury at the World Athletics Chamiponships in London.
23.  WHO ( world Health Organisation) declared Somalia free of PolioAfghanistan, Algeria and Pakistan are the remaining countries where Polio is still recorded.
24.  Iran’s Parliament has voted in favour of boosting investing in its missile defence and foreign operations programmes by more than $500 million in response to latest US sanctions.
25.The Jharkhand Assembly has passed the Religious Freedom Bill 2017 also known as the anti-conversion Bill, in an attempt to stop  forced conversions in the state. The ruling government rejected the demand of opposition for more scrutiny.

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