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Daily Current Affairs for July 6-9,2018 ( English)

Important Days:
1.     July 7 - The International Day of Cooperatives (IDC) was observed on first Saturday of July across the world to promote co-operative model as it contains core aspects of sustainable development and is based on ethical values and principles. The 2018 theme of the Day was ‘Sustainable societies through cooperation’.
National:
1.   UNESCO delegation has entered into an agreement with Andhra Pradesh Economic Development Board (APEDB) is going to set up ‘Design University for Gaming’ in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. For this UNESCO has requested State Government to provide 100 acres of land in Visakhapatnam for developing the city as International Gaming and Digital Learning Hub. It will help UNSECO to develop edutech gaming in state, with the target of providing 50,000 jobs in 10 years.
2.   The Law Commission of India (LCI) has recommended that gambling and betting on sports be allowed as regulated activities in its report “Legal Framework: Gambling and Sports Betting including Cricket in India”. It recommended number of changes in law for regulating betting for making it taxable under direct and indirect tax regimes and used as source for attracting foreign direct investment (FDI).
3.   The entire animal kingdom i.e. all animals, including avian and aquatic species as legal entities with rights, duties and liabilities of living person .This declaration was made by the Uttarakhand High Court Bench  consists of Justice Rajiv Sharma and Justice Lok Pal.
4.   The Supreme Court ruled that the Chief Justice of India is the ‘Master of Roster’ who has the authority to decide on allocation of cases. The ruling was given by a bench comprising Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices AM Khanwilkar and DY Chandrachud. CJI is an individual judge and not the powerful collective of five senior-most judges of Supreme Court called the ‘Collegium’. CJI has exclusive authority to allocate cases to fellow judges and is spokesperson of the court.
5.   A mandatory dope test for all government employees, including police personnel, from the time of their recruitment through every stage of their service has ordered by Punjab CM Captain Amarinder Singh.  Drug screening will be mandatory in cases of promotions, and also be a part of annual medical examinations.
6.     The study conducted by researchers from US based Earth Institute, Columbia University and Indian School of Business, Hyderabad recommended that Indian farmers can make a big switch from growing rice and wheat to alternative cereals such as maize, sorghum and millet, it could reduce demand for irrigation water by 33%. This could also improve nutritional availability to consumers.
7.     Satyarup Siddhanta has become second Indian mountaineer after Malli Mastan Babu to climb Mt Ojos del Salado (6893 m), the highest volcano in the world. He is certified mountaineer from Himalayan Mountaineering Institute, Darjeeling. He has skied last degree to South Pole by covering distance of 111 km. In December 2017 he summited Vinson Massif, becoming only fifth Indian civilian to complete the seven summits (Messner’s List).
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8.     India’s most popular competitive exams, Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) (Main) and National Eligibility and Entrance Test (NEET) will now be held twice a year and over multiple days. This announcement was announced by the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD). Both exams will be conducted by newly formed National Testing Agency (NTA). It will also conduct National Eligibility Test (NET).
9.     The 67th plenary meeting of North Eastern Council (NEC) chaired by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh was recently held in Shillong, Meghalaya. The meeting was attended by Union Minister of Development of NER and Governors and Chief Ministers of the north-eastern States. The meeting discussed development projects of Northeast States.
10.                     The Uttar Pradesh Government  has granted Status of Revenue Village to three villages inhabited by the Tongia Scheduled Tribe in and around forests in Saharanpur district under the Forest Rights Act, 2006 (FRA). The granting of Revenue Status to villages means that these villages will now come under the revenue department instead of forest department. The Forest Rights Act, 2006 has a provision for turning forest villages into revenue villages so that civic facilities reach these areas. These villages are - Kaluwala, Sodhinagar and Bhagwatpur.
11.                     The Himachal Pradesh government issued a fresh notification banning the use of thermocol cutlery across the state on July 7, 2018. This announcement was made by state’s Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur on the occasion of the World Environment Day on June 5. The government has issued fresh notification reiterating that no person including shopkeepers, vendors, wholesalers, retailers, hawkers, rehriwalas will use thermocol cutlery in any form manufactured from non-biodegradable material as listed in Schedule under Himachal Pradesh Non-Biodegradable Garbage (Control) Act, 1995.
12.                     The Haryana government announced on July 7, 2018 that it has decided to enrol family members of nomadic tribes so no person living in the state remain deprive of an Aadhaar card. Under the campaign, 20 Aadhaar enrolment kits would be provided in the three sub-divisions of Gurugram to all nomadic tribe 'bastis'. A special enrolment campaign for nomadic tribes is being run till July 10 in all 22 districts.
13.                     The Telangana government has allotted 200 acres to three different women entrepreneurs' associations in the stateIt has allocated 50 acres to FLO at Sultanpur, 30 acres to Confederation of Women Entrepreneurs (COWE) at Toopran and 120 acres to the Association of Lady Entrepreneurs of India (ALEAP) and also 10 per cent of land in all the 140 various industrial parks in the state are earmarked for women entrepreneurs.
14.                     The Haryana Excise and Taxation Department has identified a total of 6,091 value-added tax (VAT) dealers in the state having arrears over Rs 5 lakh and uploaded the photographs of the defaulters on its website. The action has been taken on the directions of the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) in the report of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) 2012-13. It was also suggested by the PAC that the names of these defaulters should be published in the newspapers.


International:
1.     An accountability court in Pakistan on July 6, 2018 sentenced ousted Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to 10 years in prison in one of the three corruption cases against him in the high-profile Panama Papers scandal. His daughter Maryam was sentenced to seven years and son-in-law Captain (retired) Safdar was sentenced one year imprisonment. While Nawaz Sharif was fined 10 million dollar, his daughter Maryam was handed down a 2.6 million dollar fine. The ruling came weeks before the general elections of Pakistan that are scheduled to be held on July 25.
2.     US $6.69 billion dollar budget for 13 peacekeeping operations for year 2018-19 has approved by the Fifth Committee (Administrative and Budgetary) of United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). The budget approved for missions include MINUJUSTH (UN Mission for Justice Support in Haiti), MINUSCA (Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Central African Republic), MINURSO (Mission for Referendum in Western Sahara), MONUSCO (Stabilisation Mission in Democratic Republic of the Congo) and UNIFIL (Interim Force in Lebanon).
3.   The 17th World Sanskrit Conference was held at Vancouver, Canada from 9th July to 13th July, 2018. It was inaugurated by Human Resource Development Minister Prakash Javadekar. So far it has been held thrice in India. The World Sanskrit Conference is being held in various countries across the globe once in every three years under the auspices of the International Association of Sanskrit Studies. The purpose of this conference was to promote, preserve and practice Sanskrit language all over world by the people.
4.   The sixth edition of biennial World Cities Summit was jointly organised by Singapore’s Centre for Liveable Cities and Urban Redevelopment Authority was held in Singapore from July 8 to 12, 2018. Its theme was “Liveable & Sustainable Cities: Embracing the Future through Innovation and Collaboration. The summit was held together with Singapore International Water Week and CleanEnviro Summit Singapore.
5.   Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Bhutanese counterpart Dasho Tshering Tobgay during their meeting in New Delhi agreed to take the exemplary bilateral partnership to new heights for benefit of the people of both the countries. Both leaders expressed happiness over the commemoration of Golden Jubilee of the establishment of formal diplomatic relations between India and Bhutan.
6.   US officials have ordered DNA tests on '3,000' detained children who remain separated from their migrant parents in an effort to reunite families at the centre of a border crisis. The Department of Health and Human Services, HHS is doing DNA testing to confirm parentage accurately. The department is seeking to meet a court- imposed deadline of next Tuesday to reunite some 100 detained children less than five years of age.
7.   Regular citizens and NGOs will have the right to sue polluting companies in civil courts, as per a new bill proposal approved on July 8, 2018 by the Israeli Ministerial Committee for Legislation. Israel suffered two significant pollution disasters in nature reserves during recent years, where Eilat-Ashkelon Pipeline Co and Israel Chemical Ltd were held accountable. The Israeli government hopes the new bill will put more pressure and deterrence toward big companies that do not care about the state supervision against pollution.
Science & Technology:
1.   ‘Khan Prahari’ – a mobile Application and Coal Mine Surveillance & Management System (CMSMS) has launched by the Union Ministry of Coal.  ‘Khan Prahari  is  atool used for reporting any activity taking place related to illegal coal mining like rat hole mining, pilferage etc. Using it, one can upload geo-tagged photographs of incident along with textual information directly to system. The CMSMS is web based GIS application through which location of sites for unauthorised mining can be detected. Its objective is reporting, monitoring and taking suitable action on unauthorised coal mining activities. The CMSMS and the mobile app have been developed by CMPDI, Ranchi a Subsidiary of CIL and Bhaskarcharya Institute of Space Application and Geo-informatics (BISAG).
2.   The test of Crew Escape System that provides escape mechanism for astronauts if the launch operation is aborted has successfully conducted by ISRO. The crew escape system is being developed as part of the he proposed human spaceflight programme. India at present does not have human space flight programme. Only three countries United States of America (USA), Russia and China have human space flight programmes. The only Indian scientist to ever travel to space was fighter pilot Rakesh Sharma who flew aboard Soyuz T-11 (spacecraft of former USSR) in 1984.
3.   The Centre of Excellence for Data Science and Artificial Intelligence (CoE-DSAI) has opened by Indian IT industry apex body NASSCOM (National Association of Software & Services Companies) in Bengaluru, Karnataka. The centre aims to support small and mid-sized businesses (SMB) by fast-tracking their product developing, providing market access and assist them by co-creating programs along with other industry partners and start-ups.
4.     Saathi - a mobile help centre to reach out to people undertaking annual pilgrimage to 3,880-metre high holy cave shrine of Amarnath has launched by the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF). It will provide help and information to yatris staying in camps outside the Bhagwati Nagar base camp in Jammu. This will be in addition to security provided by CRPF to the yatra routes.  In addition, they will also provide first aid treatment to people in need and would also be distributing medicines.
Defence:
1.   Six global aircraft manufacturers have responded Indian Air Force’s (IAF) Request for Information (RFI) to supply 110 fighter aircrafts to replace its ageing fleet of MiG-21s and MiG-27s, which are being phased out of service. The bids now will be evaluated after which IAF will issue Request For Proposal (RFP) with exact specifications of aircraft to be procured. The RFP is expected by early 2019. It has not specified exact requirement of fighter jets, opening up contest to both single-and twin-engine jets.
First in State/ India/ World:
1.   First Internet telephony service Wings in India to be rolled out from August 1, 2018 is going to launch by the state-owned telecom operator Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL). To use the service of Internet telephony through Wings, customer needs to install soft app on any of its smart devices (like smart mobile handset/tablet/ laptop) having internet to make and receive calls from anywhere in India and abroad with any party (mobile/landline). Through wings, customer can make or receive calls by using internet service of any operator. It also launched prepaid initiative in its landline offerings and a rent free landline connection for existing subscribers.
2.   Samsung has opened the world's largest mobile factory in Noida, India. The factory will be officially inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and visiting South Korean President Moon Jae-in on July 9, 2018. The factory inauguration marks the first-ever state visit of South Korean President Moon Jae-in. The South Korean President will be accompanied by first lady Kim Jung-sook, senior cabinet members, officials as well as industry captains.
Economy:
1.   ‘GST Verify’ - a mobile app to protect interest of consumers has developed by the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC). It has been developed by B Raghu Kiran joint commissioner GST Hyderabad and can be used all across the country. It will allow customers to verify their bill if any GST amount mentioned is of genuinely registered person or not. This will help consumers to save the amount shown as tax from fraudster they are cheating them.
2.   The license to Bank of China to launch operations in India has issued by the Reserve Bank of India. With this, Bank of China becomes the second Chinese bank after the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China to have a branch in India.
3.   A ministerial panel formed by the Goods and Services Tax Council on July 8, 2018 recommended that there shall be no additional tax incentives for digital transactions for a year, citing revenue considerations. The panel headed by Bihar Deputy Chief Minister and Finance Minister Sushil Kumar Modi said that it may think about the proposal of incentivising digital transaction again after a year, once returns and GST revenues stabilise.
Appointments/Resignations:
1.     Justice AK Goel has appointed as the new Chairperson of National Green Tribunal (NGT) by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC). His appointment comes after he retired as Supreme Court Judge. He will have tenure of five years from date he assumes office or till he reaches age of 70 years, whichever is earlier. 
2.     Britain's Brexit minister David Davis has resigned two days after the cabinet approved a plan to retain strong alignment with the European Union even after leaving the bloc.
3.     Former Information and Broadcasting secretary Uday Kumar Varma has been appointed as a member of the Broadcasting Content Complaints Council, a self-regulatory body for general entertainment channels.
Sports:
1. Sports Authority of India (SAI), will now be known as ‘Sports India’. This announcement was made by Union Ministers of Youth Affairs and Sports Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore. 
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