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Daily current Affairs for March 25-26 , 2018 ( English)

Important Days :
1.     March 25 -The International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade is observed every year across the world. The theme of 2018 is ‘Remember Slavery: Triumphs and Struggles for Freedom and Equality’
National:
1.       Former NCERT director JS Rajput is nominated as India’s representative to Executive Board (EXB) of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. Professor JS Rajput is known for his contributions in reforms in school education and teacher education. He had proposed valuable changes in school education curriculum as Director, NCERT popularly known as five Sai values: Truth, Peace, Nonviolence, Righteous Conduct (Dharma) and Love.
2.       Print Biennale 2018 - The first-ever International Exhibition of Graphic Prints was held in New Delhi which was organised by Lalit Kala Akademi. The event comprised displaying of total 200 original prints are created by Indian and international artists of impeccable competence. Total 988 entries at the national level were received of which 127 were chosen for display.
3.     At least 64 people have died in a fire that engulfed a shopping complex in the Siberian coal-mining city of Kemerovo, Russia. According to the Investigative Committee, four people have been detained for questioning, including the head of the company that manages the shopping centre. The fire started on an upper floor of the Winter Cherry complex shopping mall in central Kemerovo. The cause of the fire is not yet known, however, the authorities have launched an investigation. 
4.     The “e-Tribes India” would be launched soon by the Union Tribal Affairs Ministry. The Launch of e-Tribes includes www.tribesindia.com, www.trifed.in and Retail Inventory Software and M-commerce app. Besides, the occasion will also mark the launch of ‘Tribes India’ Banners at Amazon, Snapdeal, Paytm & GeM.
5.     The Commerce Ministry's investigation arm Directorate General of Anti-Dumping and Allied Duties (DGAD) terminated its anti-dumping probe on imports of solar cells from China, Taiwan and Malaysia. The probe was initiated by the DGAD on July 21, 2017 following complaints of dumping of the product by the association.The Indian Solar Manufacturers Association has made a request to terminate the present investigation.
6.     The Supreme Court on March 26, 2018 issued notices to the Centre and the Law Commission on petitions challenging the constitutional validity of the prevalent practices of polygamy and nikah halala among the Muslim community. One of the petitioners argued that the 2017 judgement of the Supreme Court, which had held instant triple talaq as unconstitutional, did not address the issues of polygamy and 'nikah halala' and had left them open. The judge’s bench comprising Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices A M Khanwilkar and D Y Chandrachud considered the submission and stated that a fresh five-judge constitution bench would be set up to deal with the constitutionality of 'nikah halala' and polygamy. 'Nikah halala' -under the practice, if a Muslim woman after being divorced by her husband wants to go back to him, then she has to marry another person, consummate the marriage and then get a divorce and then get re-married to her first husband.
7.     Sardar Vallabhai Patel International Airport in Ahmedabad handles 200 flight movements per day. It has received ‘Most Improved Airport ‘ award in the Asian Pacific region, in Airport Service Quality Awards 2017organised by the Airport Council International ( ACI).


International:
1.       The twelfth edition of Earth Hour was observed across the world on 24 March 2018 to take a global call on climate change. To mark this day, cities worldwide turned their lights off for one hour from 8:30 pm to 9:30 pm local time.
2.     Malaysian Government on March 26, 2018 tabled a bill in parliament to outlaw fake news proposing hefty fines and 10 years in jail for publishers of fake news. The bill comes ahead of the General Elections which are expected to be held in next few weeks. The elections, which were supposed to be held in August 2018, have been preponed as Prime Minister Najib Razak faces widespread criticism over a multibillion-dollar corruption scandal (1MDB scandal) involving an indebted state fund. Under the Anti-Fake News Bill, anyone who publishes fake news could face fines of up to 500000 ringgit (USD 128140), up to 10 years in jail, or both. It seeks to safeguard the public against the rise of fake news while ensuring the right to freedom of speech and expression under the Federal Constitution. The law also covers digital publications and social media posts as well.
3.       The Brazzaville declaration was signed to promote better management and conservation world’s largest tropical peatlands-Cuvette Centrale region in Congo Basin from unregulated land use and prevent its drainage and degradation. It was signed jointly by Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Republic of Congo and Indonesia on the sidelines of Third Partners Meeting of Global Peatlands Initiative held in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo. It aims to implement coordination and cooperation between different government sectors to protect the benefits provided by peatland ecosystems. It also recognizes the importance of the scientific breakthrough of mapping the world’s largest tropical peatland area. Peatlands are wetlands that contain mixture of decomposed organic material, partially submerged in layer of water, lacking oxygen.
Science & Technology/ defence:
1.     A self-taught rocket scientist Mike Hughes propelled himself about 1,875 feet into the air in a home-made rocket, before a hard landing in the Mojave Desert, North America.Hughes believed that the earth is flat and he launched himself to prove the planet's flatness.In order to carry out the launch, the 61-year-old limo driver converted a mobile home into a ramp and modified it to launch from a vertical angle so he wouldn't fall back to the ground on public land.The rocket crashed back down to earth with the nose of the ship breaking in two places, like it was designed to do.
Awards & Honours:
1.     Canadian mathematician Robert Langlands was on March 20, 2018 awarded with the 2018 Abel Prize for his revolutionary 'Grand Unified Theory of Maths'. The Abel Committee of the Norwegian Academy of Science honoured Langlands “for his visionary program connecting representation theory to number theory.”Langlands will receive the award from Norway's King Harald V at an award ceremony in Oslo on May 22, 2018.

Sports:
1.     Pankaj Advani retained his Asian Billiards Championships title by winning over B Bhaskar 6-1 in the finals in Yangon, Myanmar. This is his 11th gold medal at the Asian level. So far , he has won 7 continential  billiards titles. India’s Amee Kamani bagged the Asian Women’s snooker title by defeating Thailand’s Siripaporn Nuanthakhamjan.
2.     Ferrari’s Sebastian Vettal won the 2018 Formula One Grand Prix of Australia, in at the Albert Park Circuit in Melbourne, Australia. Lewis Hamilton finished in the second position. Kimi Raikkonen finished in the third position.
3.     PV Sindhu has been chosen by IOA ( Indian Olympic Association) as India’s contigent’s flag bearer at the opening ceremony of the Commonwealth Games (CWG) 2018 at Gold coast, Australia. This will be the first time in the last three editions of the Common wealth Games that a badminton player has been selected as the flag bearer.
Deaths:

1.       Veteran Journalist Ghulam Muhammad Mustafa died at a hospital in Gurgaon, Haryana. 

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