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Daily Current affairs Oct 1 to 4 Part 1 , 2017 ( English )

1.       Oct 1- International Day of Older Persons (IDOP) is observed every year with the theme of 2017 “Stepping into the Future: Tapping the Talents, Contributions and Participation of Older Persons in Society”. It aims to explore effective means of promoting and strengthening the participation of older persons in various aspects of social, cultural, economic and civic and political life. It also aims to raise awareness about issues affecting elderly and to appreciate contributions that older people make to society.
2.     Oct 2- International Day of Non-violence also known as Gandhi Jayanthi in India. This day is observed to promote principles of non-violence through education and public awareness and is observed by all countries of the UN.
3.     Oct 2 – World Habitat Day with the theme of 2017 was ‘Housing Policies: Affordable Homes’. It focuses on promoting implementation of concrete initiatives to ensure adequate and affordable housing in context of implementation of New Urban Agenda, as well as achievement of Sustainable Development Goals.
4.     Free Eye Check-up Campaign and distribution of spectacles for truck drivers, cleaners and helpers all over the country was launched by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI). The objective of this initiative is to ensure clearer vision and safe travel for truck drivers who are most frequent users of national highways.
5.     India received first ever shipment of US crude oil of 1.6 million barrels, purchased by state-run Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) at Paradip Port in Odisha.
6.     Three US born scientists won 2017 Noble Prize in Physiology or Medicine. It was announced by Nobel Assembly at Sweden’s Karolinska Institute. The prestigious award carries prize money of 8 million Swedish kroner or 1.1 million dollars. The awardees are Jeffrey C. Hall (72), Michael Rosbash (73) and Michael W. Young (68).They were awarded for discovering molecular mechanisms controlling circadian rhythm. Their discoveries explain how plants, animals and humans adapt their biological rhythm so that it is synchronized with Earth’s revolutions. Circardian Rhythm is 24 hour cycle in physiological processes of living beings, including plants, animals, fungi and cyanobacteria. It influences such biological functions as hormone levels, sleep, body temperature and metabolism.
7.     Five-member commission headed by retired Chief Justice of Delhi High Court G. Rohini to examine sub-categorisation of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) was appointed by President Ram Nath Kovind. The commission has been established under Article 340 of Constitution under which Mandal commission had recommended 27% reservation for socially and educationally backward classes, was appointed. Sub-categorisation of OBCs aims to ensure more equitable distribution of reservations in government jobs and educational institutions so that dominant groups among OBCs do not corner all benefits. The exercise will involve sub-categorisation of 5,000 castes in central OBC list. The other ex-officio  members are Dr J K Bajaj, Director, Anthropological Survey of India, Registrar General and Census Commissioner and Joint Secretary from Ministry of Social Justice.
8.     Under Swachhta Hi Seva (cleanliness is service) programme ,Sri Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple in Madurai (Tamil Nadu) was adjudged as the cleanest iconic place in country . The temple earned top slot from among 10 iconic places such as Taj Mahal, Ajmer Sharif Dargah, Golden Temple, Tirupathi temple and Sri Vaishno Devi temple by Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation under Swachh Bharath Mission.
9.     Low-cost, rapid diagnostic test consisting of pan-dengue strip for diagnosing Zika and dengue viruses and differentiating four serotypes of dengue viruses have been developed by the Scientists including from India. The test resembles pregnancy test strip and contains antibodies that react to presence of Zika or dengue virus, and also contains gold nanoparticles t hat respond to antibody reaction. It does not have cross-reactivity leading to wrong diagnosis as antigens specific to dengue and Zika viruses were identified.
10.  The Global Wildlife Programme (GWP) Conference jointly hosted by Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC), World Bank and United Nations Development Programme was recently held in New Delhi with the theme “Peoples’ participation in wildlife conservation”. It provided an opportunity for India to showcase its conservation efforts through joint forest management, eco-development committees, ‘vana sanrakshan samitis’ in and around protected areas.
11.  Three American scientists has been selected  by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics -  Rainer Weiss, Barry C. Barish and Kip S. Thorne. They were selected for their decisive contributions to the LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory) detector and the observatory) detector and the observation of gravitational waves. Dr. Weiss — born in Berlin and now a US citizen received half the prize. The remaining half was shared equally by two Caltech scientists — Dr. Barish, Professor of Physics and Dr. Thorne, Professor of Theoretical Physics.
12.  Sibir (Siberia), the world’s largest nuclear-powered icebreaker ship was launched by Russia. into the water at the Baltic Shipyard in St Petersburg which was built under Project 22220. Sibir is second of three icebreakers of new class of biggest nuclear powered icebreakers ever constructed under Project 22220. The first one was Arktika (Arctic) was put in service in June 2016. Third icebreaker Ural is set to be completed in 2019. Russia is only country in world that produces nuclear-powered icebreakers. The new series of icebreakers under Project 22220 are meant to ensure year- round navigation in western Arctic, and their makes possible to use them in Arctic Ocean as well as in rivers.
13.  “Mathru Poorna Scheme” - to meet nutritional needs of pregnant and lactating women in rural areas of state was launched by the Karnataka Government. Under this scheme, pregnant and lactating poor women in rural areas will get one nutritious meal daily for 25 days in a month. he scheme will be implemented through anganwadis in State. Under it, nutritious food will be provided for 15 months, from start of pregnancy up to six months after delivery. Along with meal, Iron Folic Acid (IFA) tablets will be administered and gestational weight monitoring will be ensured for pregnant women.
14.  According to Ministry of Commerce & Industry, eight core sectors grew by 4.9% in August 2017, the highest growth rate since April 2017. It was higher than 3.1% in August 2016 and 2.6% in July 2017. The growth was recorded on account of robust performance of coal, natural gas and electricity segments. But, growth in Crude oil, cement and fertilizer segments declined.
15.  Dr. Soumya Swaminathan (58) was appointed as one of two deputy directors general by the World Health Organization (WHO) . This is first time such second-highest position created within WHO and highest post held by Indian in WHO.
16.  Under Namami Gange programme, the Union Ministry of Water Resources has approved project to set up Turtle sanctuary in Allahabad along with River Biodiversity Park at Sangam in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. The purpose of the Turtle sanctuary is to protect the rich aquatic biodiversity of river Ganga from escalating anthropogenic pressures.
17.  The foundation stone to develop Muktyal to Vijayawada waterway stretch on River Krishna as part of National Waterway 4 at Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh was laid by the Vice-President M Venkaiah Naidu. The 82-km inland waterway stretch is Phase-1 of National Waterway-4 developed under Sagar Mala project. It will be used mainly for transportation of cement and construction material for new capital city Amaravati. NW-4 in Andhra Pradesh has total length of 2890 km. It is proposed to be developed in three phases viz. Phase-I: Muktyala to Vijayawada (Krishna River) (82 Km), Phase-II: Vijayawada to Kakinada (Eluru canal & Kakinada canal) and Rajahmundry to Polavaram stretch of Godavari (233 Km) and Phase-III: Commamur Canal, Buckingham canal and balance stretches of Krishna & Godavari Rivers (573km).

18.The Chiefs of the border guarding forces of India and Bangladesh would be holding  bi-annual talks to discuss a host of issues including Rohingya immigrants across the border on 3rd Oct 2017at New Delhi .

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