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Daily Current affairs for Nov 24, 2017 ( English)

1.       With an aim to make Government services accessible on mobile phone of the citizens, the Union Government has launched new all-in-one mobile application called UMANG. The term UMANG stands for Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance. It was launched to promote Digital India program and to drive mobile e-governance in India. The app was developed by Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and National e-Governance Division (NeGD). It is single mobile app that has access to 1200 services of various government offices from Centre, State and utility services. It supports 13 Indian languages and caters to on-demand scalability. It provides all pan India e-Governance services like Aadhaar, PAN, booking gas cylinder, PF account and Digilocker on one single platform. The UMANG app offers 162 services from 33 state and central government departments and four states under a one-single platform.
2.       The first-ever female pilot to be inducted into the Indian Navy- Shubhangi Swaroop native of Bareilly in Uttar Pradesh will soon fly Maritime Reconnaissance aircraft. She will now head to INS Garuda in Kochi and then will undergo training a Dundigal Air Force Academy, Hyderabad which trains pilots of Indian Army, Navy and the Air Force. Besides Swaroop, Astha Segal from New Delhi, Roopa A from Puducherry and Sakthi Maya S from Kerala also created history by becoming country’s first women officers at Naval Armament Inspection (NAI) branch of Navy. All four will be undergoing subsequent professional training in their respective chosen branches before being employed on duty.
3.       Chilika Lake or lagoon is the largest coastal lagoon or brackish water lake in India and Asia and second largest lagoon in the world after New Caledonian barrier reef in New Caledonia, US. It was designated as the first “Ramsar Site” of India on account of its rich bio-diversity and ecological significance. Nalaban Island within the lagoon is notified as Bird Sanctuary under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. It also has been identified as a priority site for conservation and management. Lakhs of migratory birds have made their way to Chilika Lake (Odisha) after a long flight of thousands of miles. Major bird congregations were spotted in wetlands of Nalabana Bird Sanctuary inside Chilika and Mangalajodi, a major village on banks of lake.
4.       India has sent proposal to the United Nations (UN) for declaring the year 2018 as ‘International Year of Millets’. If the proposal is agreed, it will raise awareness about millets among consumers, policy makers, industry and Research and Development (R&D) sector. Millet is a common term to categorize small-seeded grasses that are often termed nutri-cereals or dryland-cereals. It includes sorghum, ragi, pearl millet, small millet, proso millet, foxtail millet, barnyard millet, kodo millet and other millets.
5.       India has largest area under bamboo cultivation and is second richest in terms of bamboo genetic resources after China. India has 19% share of world’s area under bamboo cultivation, its market share in sector is only 6%.President Ram Nath Kovind has promulgated an ordinance under Article 123 of Constitute to amend Indian Forest Act, 1927 to encourage bamboo plantation by farmers in private lands. With this, bamboo grown in non-forest areas ceases to be tree. However, bamboo grown in forest areas continues to be governed by provisions of Indian Forest Act. The amendment to Section 2(7) of Indian Forest Act, 1927 will encourage bamboo plantation by farmers, which will contribute to doubling farmers income by 2022. The ordinance omits bamboo (taxonomically a grass) grown in non-forest areas from definition of trees. The omission, thereby exempts it from requiring permits for felling or transportation of bamboo grown in non-forest areas.
6.       A consultative workshop on New National Policy on Biofuels & Pradhan Mantri Ji- Van Yojana (VGF for 2nd Generation Ethanol Bio Refineries) has been organized by the Union Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas in New Delhi to promote Biofuels with objective to reduce dependency on import of crude oil, savings in foreign exchange, provide better remuneration for farmers and address empgrowing environment concerns in the light of India’s Commitment at COP 21. 1-G and 2-G Ethanol, Biodiesel, MSW to Fuel and Bio-CNG together with Methanol (DME) have huge potential in augmenting economic growth, generating employment and doubling farmers’ income. This will be instrumental in achieving the target of 10% oil import reduction by 2022.
7.       Multi State Mega Mock Tsunami Exercise 2017 along the entire East Coast in 31 coastal districts across four States was conducted by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). It was for first time entire eastern coast will participate simultaneously in mock exercise. It was conducted through National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS). The exercise was simultaneously conducted in 31 coastal districts across four States – West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu and Puducherry (UT) along entire East Coast. It aimed to assess and help improve preparedness, response mechanism and coordination among concerned agencies. The exercise was one of various activities conducted as part of observation of 2nd World Tsunami Awareness Day (observed on November 5)..
8.       The Sub-Committee of Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) headed by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Urjit Patel reviewed major global and domestic developments that could impinge country’s financial stability. Sub-Committee of the FSDC also discussed setting up of National Centre for Financial Education (NCFE), operationalisation of information utilities registered by the IBBI, sharing of data among regulators and implementation status of Legal Entity Identifier (LEI).
9.       The National Commission for Safai Karamchari’s ( NCSK) suggested NITI Aayog to bring some welfare schemes for Safai Karamchari’s and Manual Scavengers under its purview. Manhar Valii Bhai Zala, Chaiman of NCSK , along with members Manju Diler , Dilip K Hathibed and Swami Sadanand Maharaj shared their concerns and various issues of Safai Karamchari’s and Manual Scavengers.
10.   The Union Government has approved  Rs 1 lakh crore worth projects in Tamilnadu. The projects will cover Highways, shipping and Port . They are also aimed at finding a permanent solution to the irrigation and drinking water requirements of the state. The total expenditure of the projects is expected to be around 40,000 crores. Following are the projects with cost details : 1. Three New Elevated Corridors have been approved : a. Tambaram – Chengalpattu  ( Project cost –Rs 2250 cr) b. Poonamalee –Maduravoyal Corridor ( Project Cost – Rs 1500 Cr)  c. Thiruvallur Corridor ( Project Cost -1000 Cr). 2. The tambaram-Vandalur,Vandalur –Guduvancherry section of the Highway will be upgraded to 8 lane Highway at a cost of Rs 72 Cr. The move is expected to solve the traffic congestion at the Tambaram-Perungalthur bridge.3. The Chennai-Bengaluru Expressway will be constructed at a project cost of Rs 20000 Cr. This move is to boost the industrialization and development activities along the expressway. 4.The Koyambedu-Poonamalee –Wallajahapet road will be converted to a  six-lane road at a cost of Rs. 1500 Cr to ease the congestion in the extended suburban areas of Chennai. List of New Projects:  a. Trichy – Chidambaram Highway Project : The budget outlay of the project is expected to be around 4000 cr. B. Upgradation of the Villupuram –Nagapattinam section at cost of Rs 6000 Cr. C. Six-laning of Chenna-Tada National; Highway with allotted budget of Rs 500 Cr. Projects under Bhartmala: The six projects approved under the mega construction plan include Nagapattinam to Tuticorin ( 355 Km), Vellakoil –Erode ( 71 Km), Madurai-Kollam ( 62 Km), Madurai-Theni (44 Km) , Musiri-Namakkal ( 44Km) and Madura-Natham (38 Km). Besides this, ring road development will also be taken up in Madurai, Trichy and Salem.
11.   The International Film Festival of India (IFFI) has nominated 9 new movies for this year’s International Council for Film, Television, Audio-Visual communication (ICFT) UNESCO Gandhi Medal. The UNESCO issued commemorative medal in 1994 to mark the 125th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi , the World’s advocate of tolerance, peace and non-violence Among the 9, five were from India. The Indian films competing for the prestigious ICFT UNESCO Gandhi Medal include Kshitij- A Horizon, Manusangada, Poorna, Railway Children and Take-Off. The competing foreign films include Amok from Poland, Khibula – a Co-production of Germany, France and Georgia.The Last Painting from Taiwan and Women of the weeping river – a joint production of the US and UK. All the 9 films are being screened at the ongoing IFFI’s 48th edition in Panaji, Goa.The 2017 winner of the award will be announced during the closing ceremony of the festival on 28th November.  2016 award was won by Mustafa Kara for the film – Cold of Kalandar.
12.   The Union government suggested to the state govt of Odisha to enhance its rural road construction target under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) from 7000 Km to 10000 Km during the current fiscal year.
13.The Union Government promulgated Ordinance to amend Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code,2016.The Ordinance aims to prevent Unscrupulous, undesirable persons from misusing the provisions of the code. 

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