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Daily Current affairs for 13th March 2018 ( English)

National:
1.       The capital punishment or death penalty should stay, as it serves to act as deterrent in cases of heinous crimes such as murder and rape, as said by the 12 out of 14 states/UTs to Home Ministry. The Home Ministry had forwarded proposal to abolish death penalty to states/UTs based on recommendation of Law Commission of India (LCI).
2.       The proposal to institute Union Home Minister’s Medal for Excellence in Police Investigation was approved by the Union Government. The award aims to promote high professional standards of Investigation of Crime in State/UT Police and Central Investigating Agencies (CIAs) in the country.
3.       Mahanadi Water Dispute Tribunal has been constituted by the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation for adjudication of longstanding disputes between Odisha and Chhattisgarh over sharing of Mahanadi river water. The tribunal was formed under Section 4 of Inter-State River Water Disputes Act, 1956 following directives of Supreme Court on January 2018. The tribunal will have three members. Chief Justice of India (CJI) has nominated Supreme Court Judge A M Khanwilkar as chairman of Tribunal. The two other members are Justice Ravi Ranjan of Patna High Court and Jusitce Indwermeet Kaur Kochar of Delhi High Court. It will be provided with services of two assessors who are water resources experts having experience in handling sensitive water-related issues.
4.       India’ s tallest tri colour flag was hosted in Belagavi, Karnataka. The flag is hoisted 110 m  high from the base .Its dimensions are 120x80 ft. It break the record of flag which is flown at 107m tall tri colour flag flown in Pune followed by 105 m flag flown at Attari-wagah border.
5.     The National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) in association with Facebook launched "Design4India Studio" in Bengaluru. With "WeWork" as the collaborative space partner, the Design4India Studio will provide web, mobile, Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) platforms for start-ups and designers. The platform will provide interactions with design industry mentors and give an opportunity to aspiring designers and startups to explore, innovate and build design as a tool for innovation.
6.     Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched a number of schemes for the poor in Varanasi and emphasised on harnessing solar energy for cooking. He also inaugurated a 101-megawatt solar power plant in Mirzapur along with French President Emmanuel Macron and laid the foundation stone of various development projects worth over Rs 800 crore in Varanasi. He flagged off a new train - Kanshi-Patna Jan Shatabdi Express - between Varanasi and Patna. He also launched Pradhan Mantri Poshan Mission Yojana to ensure nutrition to children, especially girls.
7.     The Maldives Parliament approved the Anti-Defection Bill with retrospective effect amidst boycott by opposition MPs.  According to the bill, MPs elected on political party tickets will lose their seat if they leave their party, get expelled or switch parties. The bill will take effect from 13 July 2017. Thus, 12 MPs that switched to the opposition party in 2017 would now lose their seats. 
8.     Assam’s finance minister Himanta Biswa Sarma presented the state’s first e- budget at the legislative assembly. Each legislators of the assembly are provided with a tablet ( computer) having details of the budget. In order to make it truly an e-budget, the reporters are given pen drive containing the details of the budget.
9.     The 2018-19 Budget for Assam proposes to establish a North East Foundation, which will act as a think tank for the region. This foundation will also link with leading think tanks at national and global levels and will express the perspective of t North East region in a strategic, holistic manner. Besides, Assam state budget 2018-19 has also been made available on Google App.
10.  Maharashtra Finance Minister Sudhir Mungantiwar presented the state budget for 2018-19.in the legislative assembly. The budget focused on farmers and youth.
11.  West Bengal is the best performing state in terms of allotting jobs and utilizing funds under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). West Bengal is followed by Tamil Nadu (TN). Goa ranked at the bottom.
12.  The first edition of ‘Soldierathon’ was held at Nehru Stadium in New Delhi. It is a special marathon aimed at raising funds for welfare of Indian Soldiers and their families.
International:
1. Bolivia unveiled its 200 km long flag which it claims to be the World’s biggest flag. It extends between the cities La Paz and Oruro. It is made of blue cloth and features Bolivian National Symbols. It is 3m in wide. Bolivia demanded access to the Pacific Ocean which it lost to Chile in a war   in 19th Century. Bolivian people held the flag as a sign of support for Bolivia’s claim for access to the Pacific Coast.

2. WHO listed "Disease X", which could potentially trigger deadly global epidemic in the near future, among priority diseases, calling for urgent measures to tackle it. Besides Disease X, the seven other potential global disease threats each lacking an effective drug or vaccine includes Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF); Ebola virus disease and Marburg virus disease; Lassa fever; Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS); Nipah and henipaviral diseases Rift Valley fever (RVF); and Zika. The report seeks to enable cross-cutting research and development preparedness for an unknown 'Disease X'.
Science & Technology/ defence:
1.       The first multilateral Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) exercise of Indian Air Force (IAF) in association with South Asian Region nations-Samvedna2018 was held off the coast of Kerala. Samvedna, which means ‘Empathy’ focused on practising Air Force-centric HADR solutions in Multi-national cooperative Disaster Management environment. The objective of exercise was to galvanise all stakeholders in synergising unified HADR efforts.
Economy:
1.     India has attracted reaching US $208.99 billion foreign direct investment (FDI) during April 2014 to December 2017 period. The main sectors that received maximum FDI include services, computer software and hardware, telecommunications, construction, trading and automobile. To attract inflow of foreign investments, the central government has announced several measures including liberalisation of FDI policy and improvement in business climate.
2.       A MoU was signed by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) with Reserve Bank of India (RBI) ) for increased cooperation in effective implementation of insolvency law. The MoU provides for sharing of information, subject to limitations imposed by applicable laws and sharing of resources available with each other to extent feasible and legally permissible and so on.
3.       India’s factory output, measured by Index of Industrial Production (IIP) recorded overall 7.5% growth in January 2018 according to data released by the Central Statistics Office (CSO).
4.       Following the order of Directorate General of Civil Aviation's (DGCA) to ground 11 A320neo aircraftIndigo cancelled 47 flights on various routes. While accepting cancellation of flights, Indigo gave passengers the option to either choose another flight at no additional cost or cancel their booking and get a full refund.
5.       DCB Bank has launched DCB Remit , a remittance service to enable  customers to send money  online globally. Using DCB remit, any resident Indian can register online and transfer money to 20 Countries such as US, Canada, Australia, UK, UAE and Germany.
Appointments/Resignations:
1.       Anjani Kumar has been appointed as the new commissioner of police, Hyderabad.

Sports:
1.       The Indian Premier League (IPL) launched the anthem for the 2018 edition of games starting on April 7. BCCI and Star India collaborated to create anthem for the campaign this year and they named the anthem as 'Best vs Best'.
2.       Asian Champ Navjot Kaur became World no:2 in the Women’s 65kg category in the latest ranking released by the United World Wrestling. India’s Vinesh Phogat has secured 2nd rank in the 50Kg category. First place goes to China’s Lei Chun
3.       Bishworjit Singh and Samira Abraham won gold in the men’s and women’s category of the Senior National Triathlon Championship held in Vizag, Andhra .
4.       International Shooting Sport Federation (iSSF) World Cup was held in Guadalajara, Mexico from 1st March to 12th March. India topped the medal tally by winning 4 gold, 1 silver and 3 bronze.
Deaths:
1.     French fashion designer Hubert de Givenchy ( 91)a pioneer of ready-to-wear range, passed away on March 10, 2018 .
2.     Begum Hamida Habibullah (102) , a former Rajya Sabha member and a pioneer in women empowerment, passed away in Lucknow on March 13, 2018.

3.     First Commissioner of Delhi Police Jayendra Nath Chaturvedi passed away in Varanasi. He served as the first Commissioner of Police in Delhi from July 1978 to January 1980.
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