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Daily Current affairs for 11th April 2018 ( English)

Important Days:
1.       April 11- The National Safe Motherhood Day (NSMD) is observed every year to create awareness on proper healthcare and maternity facilities to pregnant and lactating women. The theme of 2018  is ‘Respectful Maternity Care’. The NSMD is an initiative of White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood, India (WRAI). India is first country in the world to celebrate National Safe Motherhood Day. At request of WRAI, the Central Government in 2003 had instituted this day on the occasion of birth anniversary of Kasturba Gandhi, wife of Gandhiji.
Tamil Nadu :
1.     The 10th edition of a DefExpo India- 2018, a biennial exhibition of weapons and military hardware, began at Tiruvidanthal, Kancheepuram in Tamil Nadu on April 11, 2018. The tag line of DefExpo this year is “‘India: The Emerging Defence Manufacturing Hub” to showcase India’s capability in export of defence systems and components. More than 670 exhibitors including over 150 international exhibitors will take part in the DefExpo.
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National :
1.       Prime Minister Narendra Modi flagged off India’s first high-speed electric locomotive with 12000 horsepower (HP) engine with maximum speed of 110 km per hour from Madhepura Electric Locomotive Factory in Bihar. It is first big Make-in-India project developed and completed by Indian Railways in collaboration with French firm Alstome. Till now, most powerful electric engine in Indian Railways was of 6,000 HP. With this, India joins elite list of countries, including Russia, China, Germany and Sweden that have 12,000 HP and above capacity electric locomotive. With 100% electrification, they will bring down operating costs of Indian Railways and also significantly cut down greenhouse gas emissions.
2.       A new website and mobile application of the National Commission for Safai Karamcharis (NCSK) was launched by the Union Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment (Thaawarchand Gehlot) in New Delhi. It is comprehensive website giving complete details about Commission viz. its composition, mandate, manner of filing complaints, details of visits undertaken by its Chairman and Members, etc. The NCSK was established in 1994 to deal with the grievances of persons engaged in manual scavenging. It is statutory body established under National Commission for Safai Karamcharis Act, 1993.
3.       A 12-member committee headed by Regional Director (Western Region) Manmohan Juneja to review enforcement of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) provisions has been constituted by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) under Companies Act, 2013. It will revisit guidelines for enforcement of CSR provisions and basis, including structure of Centralised Scrutiny and Prosecution Mechanism (CSPM).
4.       The newly constituted NITI Forum first meeting  for Northeast was held in Agartala, Tripura which was organised by NITI Aayog and Ministry of Development of North East Region (DoNER) and North Eastern Council (NEC). Representatives of all eight member northeastern states Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura participated in it. It was constituted in February 2018 with an aim to ensure sustainable economic growth of North Eastern Region (NER) and periodically review the development status in NER. It has its Secretariat in the Ministry of DoNER. The highlights of meeting are i) They were outlined for promoting sectors like horticulture, tourism and food processing in the region. Other missions will cover bamboo-based handicrafts and medium scale industries with focus on ‘Make in North-East’. The focus of development projects in region will be based on the concept of “HIRA” which stands for Highways, Internet ways, Railways and Airways. There will be also emphasis on education, health and skill development in the region.
5.       Cabinet committee on economic affairs approved the  framework for Coal Bed Methane Extraction by Coal India Limited (CIL) and its Subsidiaries. This decision came in line with Government’s ‘Ease of Doing Business Initiative’. It will expedite the exploration and exploitation of CBM, enhance the availability of natural gas and reduce the gap in demand and supply of natural gas. Besides, it will also generate employment opportunities in CBM operations and in related industries.
6.     The Supreme Court ruled on April 11, 2018 that the Chief Justice of India (CJI) is the ‘first among equals’ and has the constitutional authority to decide allocation of cases and setting up of benches to hear them. A bench comprising Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices AM Khanwilkar and DY Chandrachud ruled this while dismissing a PIL seeking framing of guidelines for rational and transparent allocation of cases and constitution of benches to hear them. The PIL was filed in the backdrop of the January 12, 2018 press conference by senior-most apex court judges- J Chelameswar, Ranjan Gogoi, Madan B Lokur and Kurian Joseph.
7.     The first international conference on ‘Water, Environment and Climate Change: Knowledge Sharing and Partnership’ was inaugurated in Kathmandu, Nepal on April 10, 2018.
8.       The 16th International Energy Forum (IEF) ministerial meeting began in New Delhi, India on April 10, 2018. It would conclude on April 12. The theme of the forum is "The Future of Global Energy Security: Transition, Technology, Trade and Investment”. The event is aimed at improving policy and investment decisions through increased knowledge and experience sharing. The biennial IEF ministerial meeting is expected to witness the largest gathering of energy ministers, industry leaders and heads of key international organizations, who will debate the future of global energy.
9.       The Supreme Court on April 10, 2018 ruled that the provision of Aadhaar Act, 2016 that seeks to validate the collection of data from 2009 to 2016, the time before the Act was enacted, has been "badly drafted". The five judge constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra also noted that the supposed deemed consent for parting with biometric data can't be extended to mean giving up of fundamental right to privacy of the people.


International:
1.       India donated US $1 million to support Swaziland’s National Disaster Management Agency as well as food grains. India invited Swaziland to join International Solar Alliance (ISA) as partner country. India is ready to help Swaziland on issues of public health. India will establish Centre of Agricultural Excellence in Swaziland for sharing its experience in the sector. India also expressed commitment to developmental partnership to create local capacities Swaziland and across Africa.
2.       The 11th edition of World Hindi Conference will be hosted by Mauritius in its capital city Port Lois in August 18-20, 2018 with the theme of the Conference is “Vaishvik Hindi Aur Bharatiy Sanskriti“.The conference provides common platform to several Hindi scholars, writers and laureates from different parts of the world to contribute the language. The First World Hindi Conference was held from 10 to 12 January 1975 in Nagpur and was inaugurated by then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Every year 10th January is being observed as World Hindi Day.
3.       India and World Expo 2020 Dubai have signed participants contract for India’s pavilion in prestigious World Expo 2020 held once in 5 years. India’s pavilion at World Expo 2020 will be developed in public-private partnership mode. The aim of India’s pavilion will also be to connect with priorities of UAE by showcasing India’s strength in innovation and startups which are pushing barriers in high technology areas like artificial intelligence, financial technology (fintech), space and green energy. World Expo 2020 which will take place in October 2020 for six months duration.
Science and Technology/Defence:
1.     ISRO is going  to launch first privately built satellite IRNSS-1L, the backup navigation satellite with a new atomic clock. The satellite has been developed by a consortium of mid and small sized firms led by Bengaluru-based aerospace firm Alpha Design Technologies under the guidance of ISRO. The satellite will be launched from Sriharikota by the home-grown polar satellite launch vehicle (PSLV) rocket.
Appointments/Resignations:
1.     Chandra Shekhar Ghosh was re-appointed as Managing Director and CEO of Bandhan Bank for a period of three years with effect from July 10, 2018. 
2.     Inspector General Vijay Chafekar was appointed as the new Flag Officer of Indian Coast Guard (West Region) on April 11, 2018.
Sports:
1.     The Day 7 of Commonwealth Games 2018:
Indian shooter Om Prakash Mitharwal bagging the Bronze in the finals of the men’s 50m Pistol event. This was followed by an exemplary performance by Indian shooter Shreyasi Singh, who shot her career-best score to clinch the gold medal in the women’s double trap final. In the men’s double trap event, Indian shooter Ankur Mittal won the bronze medal, while Tim Kneale from Isle of Man took silver and David McMath of Scotland won the gold medal. Indian boxing legend Mary Kom has also cruised into the finals of the women's 48kg boxing category after winning her semi-final  against Anusha Dilrukshi Koddithuwakku of Sri Lanka. With this, Kom became the first Indian boxer in Gold Coast to reach the final of her event. 
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