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Daily Current affairs for May 25-28,2018 (English)

Important days:
1.       May 25 - World Thyroid Day is observed every year to spread awareness of thyroid health and educating about prevention and treatment of thyroid diseases.
Tamil Nadu:
1.     After the badly incident of 13 people died in protests against the Sterlite Copper plant in Tamil Nadu’s Tuticorin , the state government has passed the G.O  for the closure of the plant permanently. Earlier, the state govt has increased the compensation to families of those killed in anti-Sterlite protests from Rs. 10 lakh to Rs 20 lakh.
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National:
1.       The 5th India-CLMV (Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Vietnam) Business Conclave jointly organised by Ministry of Commerce & Industry along with Ministry of Commerce of Cambodia was held at Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The conclave called for collaboration of CLMV countries and India on agriculture, health, tourism, education and connectivity to promote regional integration and creation of value chain and emphasised need for strengthening India-CLMV business and trade relations. The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) is institutional partner of the event.
2.       Samagra Shiksha scheme to improve the quality of school education was launched by the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD). Samagra Shiksha Scheme aims at unifiying learning from pre-school to class 12 levels by treating education holistically as continuum from pre-school to Class12. The scheme subsumes three existing schemes: Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shikskha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE) to treat school education holistically, from pre-school to Class XII.
3.       A MoU for providing financial support village level entrepreneurs in CSCs was signed between the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) and Common Service Centres (CSC) Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV). Through the MoU, both CSC SPV and SIDBI seek to work together to bring more citizens under ambit of financial inclusion. Moreover, it will also aim to enhance financial viability of CSCs by including additional services in their bouquet of products.
4.       The University Grants Commission (UGC) approved new regulations for online courses by universities on May 24, 2018. The decision will help top-rated institutions to offer certificate, diploma & degree programmes in full-fledged online mode.
5.       The world’s largest bird sculpture, Jatayu is going to inaugurate in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. The rock ‘Jatayupara’ where the structure is based, is the place where Jatayu fell after its wings were cut by Ravana. The replica of bird ‘Jatayu’, a character in the Ramayana is 65 feet tall & is positioned right at the top of a rock situated 1000 feet above sea level.
6.       India ranked at 44th place in terms of competitiveness in the annual rankings compiled by International Institute for Management Development (IMD).As per the rankings, the US is the most competitive economy, followed by Hong Kong (2nd)  and Singapore( 3rd). India ranked 12th out of the 14 Asian countries on the list.
7.       National Informatics Centre (NIC) has set up cloud-enabled National Data Centre at Bhubaneswar, Odisha. It is fourth cloud-enabled National Data Centre of NIC after Delhi, Hyderabad and Pune. Bhubaneswar based centre is expected to enhance range of data centre related services offered by government body. It will provide benefits like on-demand access to ICT infrastructure for easy availability and quick deployment of applications and standardised platforms of deployment. It will offer round-the-clock operations with secure hosting for e-governance applications of ministries and departments.
8.       Cochin International Airport Ltd (CIAL) in Kerala is recognized as the world’s first fully solar energy-powered airport by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The solar power plant generates 50,000 units of electricity daily. It makes airport absolutely power neutral in terms of energy consumption as it consumes around 50000 to 60000 units of electricity per day. CIAL is India’s first airport to be constructed in public-private-partnership (PPP) model in 1999. It is the busiest and largest airport in the state of Kerala. The plant system is without any battery storage as it is directly connected to the grid.
9.        A MoU was signed between Tata Trusts and Government to provide development support in eight worst Naxal-affected districts in Chhattisgarh. The eight worst Naxal-hit districts chosen for programme and will be helped by Tata Trusts are Kanker, Rajnandgaon, Bijapur, Bastar, Kondagaon, Dantewada, Narayanpur and Sukma. These eight worst Naxal-affected districts are covered under Transformation of aspirational districts Programme of NITI Aayog. It will help government in conducting surveys and providing ground level and technical support in raising living standards of citizens and ensuring inclusive growth for all.
10.   The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has teamed up with state-run Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) to send extreme weather warnings (alerts) to people. The alerts will be about impending extreme weather conditions such as thunderstorms and heat waves.
11.   Himachal Pradesh government has decided to promote organic farming in a big way and plans to adopt an integrated approach for promoting organic and zero budget natural farming system. The state government has introduced 'Prakritik Kheti Khushhaal Kisaan Yojana' to enhance agricultural income by adopting low-cost climate-resilient Zero Budget Natural Farming System. 
12.  The Telangana government has enhanced the retirement age limit for teaching professors of state health department from 58 to 65. The Cabinet has also approved the proposed farmer’s insurance scheme under which every farmer in the age group of 18 to 60 years will be provided with life insurance coverage of five lakh rupees.
13.   Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the first phase of Delhi-Meerut Expressway on May 27, 2018. It would be India’s first 14-lane highway. The project is being built in four segments and is expected to be fully completed by March 2019.
14.   India’s first highway to be lit by solar power in Bagpat, Uttar Pradesh inaugurated by PM Narendra Modi on May 27, 2018. Eastern Peripheral Expressway is 135 km long, stretching from Kundli on NH 1 to Palwal on NH 2. It has been built in a record time of 17 months. The highway has provisions of rainwater harvesting on every 500 metres on both sides and would showcase 36 national monuments and 40 fountains.
International:
1.       United States had withdrawn invitation to Chinese navy to participate in 2018 Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) maritime exercise. The RIMPAC is the world’s largest international maritime warfare exercise. It is held biennially near Honolulu, Hawaii (US) during June and July of even-numbered years. RIMPAC 2019 is the 26th exercise of its type, after first being held in 1971. More than 25,000 naval officers from 29 countries are expected to take part in it.
2.       Clean Air India Initiative was launched by India and Netherlands in New Delhi. Clean Air India Initiative is collaborative project between Get In The Ring, a platform for start-ups of Netherlands Government, Start-up India and INDUS Forum, an online matchmaking platform of Indian and Dutch businesses. It also aims build network of entrepreneurs working on business solutions for cleaner air.
3.       The first edition of Global Wind Summit will be held in Hamburg, Germany from September 25 to 28, 2018. The summit combines will have two main conferences, WindEnergy Hamburg and WindEurope, Holinsky. The focus of the conferences will be on three major subjects viz. dynamic markets, cost efficiency and smart energy.
4.       Colombia has formally joined North Atlantic Treaty Organization as global partner. The announcement came after Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) approved Colombia as a new member. It makes it first Latin American to join NATO.
5.       To procure S-400 Triumf air defence missile systems for Indian Air Force (IAF), India has concluded price negotiations with Russia. They also have finalised financial component nearly Rs 40,000 crore of the deal. The deal will be announced before annual summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin in October 2018.
6.       British Prime Minister Theresa May faces a showdown with ministers and lawmakers in her Conservative party after refusing to back reform of Northern Ireland's highly restrictive abortion rules following the nation’s vote to liberalise its laws. The prime minister is facing calls from within her cabinet and from opposition parties to scrap the strict rules on abortion in Northern Ireland, bringing the law in the province in line with the rest of the United Kingdom. 
7.       Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy will face a vote of confidence in his leadership on June 1, 2018, as corruption convictions handed down to dozens of people linked to his centre-right People's Party (PP) threatened his six-year rule. 
8.       Qatar has announced that it would be banning products originating from the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Bahrain, almost a year after the states imposed sanctions on the nation, accusing it of supporting terrorism. According to a Qatari government directive, the main objective behind the move was to protect the safety of consumers in the nation and to combat improper trafficking of goods.


Science & Technology/ Defence:
1.       Surya Kiran-XIII exercise –the 13th edition of India-Nepal joint military exercise will be conducted at Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand from 30 May to 12 June 2018. The aim of this edition of exercise is to conduct battalion level joint training with emphasis on counter terrorism operations in mountainous terrain under the United Nations mandate. The joint military exercise aims to further enhance and strengthen level of defence cooperation between the two neighbouring nations. It also includes various aspects of disaster management and joint effort towards relief work.
2.       Data Visualisation App to provide user-friendly visual representation of complex analytics of education scenario in India was launched by the UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund). The app uses UDISE (Unified District Information System for Education), NAS (National Assessment survey) and demographic data. It can be used as visual tool by policy makers, academia, senior government officials, and researchers to address gaps and monitor programs in field of education.
3.     The Indian Navy commissioned the IN LCU L54, the fourth ship of Landing Craft Utility MK-IV, into its fleet at Port Blair on May 25, 2018. The ship was indigenously designed and built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers, Kolkata.  The Commissioning of L-54 is in line with the Union Government’s Make in India initiative. 
4.      An exercise called Prasthan in the Western Offshore Development area in Mumbai was conducted by Indian Navy. This exercise aims at integrating maritime stakeholders including, Navy, Coast Guard, Air Force,   ONGC, Customs & Port Trust. This exercise is held once in every 6 months.
5.     Rustom-II - Indigenously developed Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) will be delivered to armed forces by 2020 as per the contract. It is being developed for use of all three services of Indian Armed Forces, primarily for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) operations. It is a long-endurance UAV that has an 20 hours approximate flight time. Its medium-altitude prototype can fly at over 22,000 feet. It is propelled by two 3-bladed NPO saturn engines (each producing over 450 kg-force thrust). It stands 2.4m tall with wingspan of 20.6m and length of 9.5m. It can fly at around 280 km/h. Rustom-II is part of Rustom line of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) indigenously designed and developed by DRDO that includes Rustom-I, Rustom-H and Rustom-C.
Economy:
1.       The Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) has been reconstituted by the Union Government to include secretaries from revenue department as well as Ministry of Information Technology (MeitY). This decision will make FSDC more broad-based to incorporate changes in economic regulatory framework of the country.
2.       A high level group to explore and give recommendations for a balanced expansion of the health sector has been constituted by the Fifteenth Finance Commission. It will be headed by Dr. RandeepGuleria, Director, AIIMS, New Delhi and shall consist of eminent experts in health sector from across the country.
3.     Paytm announced a programme called Paytm AshaKiran, which aims at educating rural women about financial services. It will help in creating new job opportunities in small towns & cities of India.
4.     Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) became the first Indian company to reach Rs. 7 lakh crore market capitalisation (m-cap) milestone. M-cap is value of company that is traded on stock market, calculated by multiplying total number of shares by present share price.
5.     The e-Way Bill system for intra-state movement of goods came into effect in seven more states and Union Territories from May 28, 2018. As per the decision of the GST Council, e-Way Bill system was rolled out from April 1, 2018. The states and UTs include Maharashtra, Manipur, Chandigarh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu and Lakshadweep. With this, the number of States, where the system is being implemented, will go up to 27.  
Sports:
1.       A Letter of Intent (LoI) was signed with UN Environment to promote green’ cricket in India by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI). Through this SoI, BCCI will endeavor to reduce its environmental impact by greening its operations and engaging cricketers and fans in green initiatives.
Awards:
1.       The prestigious Nari Shakti Puraskar 2017 was conferred to India’s Navy all six women crew of INSV Tarini who completed India’s first all-women circumnavigation expedition of the globe. They were  supposed to be presented with award by President Ram Nath Kovind on occasion of International Women’s Day (March 8). However, the award was not be presented as they were sailing then. Now they received the award.
2.     India Biodiversity Award 2018 in the “Conservation of wildlife species” category was awarded to Arunachal Pradesh-based NGO Singchung Bugun Community Reserve (SBVCR). It was awarded for its efforts to conserve rare critically endangered bird Bugun Liocichla.




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