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Daily Current Affairs from May 5-7,2018 ( English)

Important Days:
1.    May 3 - Foundation Day of Department of Science and Technology. It was set up on 3rd May 1971. As a part of Swachh Bharat Mission, Swacchta Pakhwada is also observed in the Department of Science & Technology from 1st May 2018 to 15th May 2018. The foundation stone of New State of Art Building of DST on 3rd May 2018 in New Delhi. 
2.     May 6-  International No Diet Day (INDD) was observed all over the world.This day promotes a healthy life style. It focuses on health at any size and in creating awareness on dangers of dieting.
3.       May 7 - Raising Day of Border Roads Organisation (BRO). It celebrated its 58th year this year since its inception on May 7, 1960. BRO plays pivotal role in construction, maintenance and up gradation of strategic infrastructure in remote and far flung border areas of India. It is headquartered in New Delhi.
1.       The proposal for renaming and restructuring of Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP) as Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK) has been approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA). PMJVK aims to address development deficits in identified minority concentration areas.
2.     On May 6, 2018, the Supreme Court of India ruled that an adult couple has the right to live together without marriage. They had found a place under the provisions of the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005 and also recognized by the legislature.
3.       The continuation of Umbrella Scheme, Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana in agriculture sector beyond 12th Five Year Plan from 2017-18 to 2019-20 has approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA).
4.       A massive open online course (MOOC) platform SWAYAM was launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD). 75 discipline-specific National Resource Centres (NRCs) have been identified under its first phase of implementation. SWAYAM (Study Webs of Active –Learning for Young Aspiring Minds) programme aims to bridge digital divide for students (especially most disadvan taged) who have hitherto remained untouched by digital revolution and have not been able to join mainstream of the knowledge economy.
5.       To facilitate the Ganga rejuvenation task under Namami Gange programme by using Geographic Information System (GIS) technology was approved by National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG). The project includes use of Digital Elevation Model (DEM) technology which ensures accurate data collection which is important aspect for river basin management planning. Critical hotspots are also easily identified through this technology. The high resolution GIS enabled data will also help in regulating proposed protected and regulatory zones along banks of river.
6.       The Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), under the Ministry of Earth Sciences, has developed a new model that would be able to forecast the distance of a destructive tsunami wave after it hits the coast. The prediction could help reduce loss of life and property in the future. The warning service would be a Level-3 alert under India's Tsunami Early Warning System, which was put in place after the devastating 2004 tsunami.
7.       The Supreme Court of India struck down Section 4(3) of the Uttar Pradesh Ministers (Salaries, Allowances and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1981 that allowed former Uttar Pradesh Chief Ministers to continue occupying government accommodation even after demitting office. The bench said such bungalows constitute public property which by itself is scarce and meant for use of current holders of public offices.
8.       The Supreme Court vacated the stay on the trial of the Kathua gang rape and murder case and transferred it outside Jammu and Kashmir to Pathankot in Punjab. The SC bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra directed that the trial in the case should be held in-camera and ordered that the trial be fast-tracked and conducted on a day-to-day basis to avoid any delay. 
9.       The first organized census of Indus Dolphins will be conducted over period of five days in 185 km stretch between Talwara and Harike Barrage in Beas River in Punjab were riverine fresh water Indus Dolphins are confined by Punjab government along World Wildlife Fund (WWF)-India. Indus Dolphins is one of the world’s rarest mammals found only in India and Pakistan. The organised census aims at conservation of the species.
10.   15th Asia Media Summit (AMS-2018) which is being organized by Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development (AIBD) in collaboration with its partners and international organizations in New Delhi from May 10-12, 2018 is going to host by India with the theme of the annual summit is “Telling our Stories- Asia and More”.
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1.       On May 4, 2018, the 12th informal meeting of SAARC Finance Ministers was held in Manila, on the sidelines of the 51st Annual Meeting of Asian Development Bank (ADB). The meeting was attended by the Finance Ministers/Heads of Delegations from all SAARC member states and was chaired by Nepal’s Finance Minister Yuba Raj Khatiwada.
2.     Vladimir Putin was sworn in as the President of Russia for fourth time in the Grand Kremlin Palace, Moscow on May 7, 2018. With this, Putin will be serving the office of President for another six years. He won the presidential elections in March 2018 with 76 percent of the votes to his name by defeating Communist Party candidate Pavel Grudinin, who fetched 11.8 percent of votes. 

Science and Technology/Defence:
1.        “APSTAR-6C”, a new communication satellite was launched successfully by China. It was launched onboard of Long March-3B carrier rocket from Xichang Satellite Launch Center. The satellite will provide TV transmission, Internet, communication and multimedia services to customers across Asia-Pacific region. It will also provide high-power transponder services for video distribution, broadband internet access, and cellular backhaul. Both satellite and rocket were developed by China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation.
2.       The InSight - Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport Spacecraft to study the Mars’ deep interior was launched by NASA on 5th May 2018. It was launched aboard United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket from Space Launch Complex-3 at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The rocket also launched two mini-spacecraft called Mars Cube One (MarCO) — MarCO-A and MarCO-B. It aims to expand the human knowledge about interior conditions of the Mars and reveal how rocky planets like the Earth and the Moon formed billions years ago.  It has been designed to listen for “Marsquakes”. It is 15 times deeper than any previous Mars mission and will dig 10 to 16 feet (3 to 5 metres) deep into the Mars. The lander is expected to land on Mars in November 2018.
3.       A mineral called moganite in lunar meteorite that point to presence of abundant hidden reserves of water ice under the surface of the moon was found by the Scientists  from Japan’s Tohoku University Moganite is a crystal of silicon dioxide (SiO). It is known to form on earth in specific circumstances in sedimentary settings from alkaline fluids.

1.     The proposal to convert GST Network (GSTN) into government entity from current private entity status by taking over stakes held by private entities was approved by GST Council chaired by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in its 27th meeting. GSTN was set up as not for profit, non-Government, private limited company in 2013. It was established primarily to provide IT infrastructure and services to Central and State Governments, tax payers and other stakeholders for implementation of Goods and Services Tax (GST).
2.  A Statement of Intent (SoI) has signed by NITI Aayog with IBM to develop crop yield prediction model using Artificial Intelligence (AI) to provide real time advisory to farmers in Aspirational Districts. The first phase of project will focus on developing model for 10 Aspirational Districts across states of Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Assam, Madhya Pradesh,Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. The project will introduce and make available climate-aware cognitive farming techniques.
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