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Daily Current Affairs for June 1-4,2018 ( English)

Important days:
1.     June 1 –Global day of Parents is observed to honor every parent all over the World for their selfless commitment to children.
2.     June 2- Telangana Statehood Day. It became India’s 29th state on June 2, 2014.
3.     June 3- World Bicycle day .It was declared by UN  on  12th April 2018 to celebrate the first world bicycle day  on June 3.  This day highlights the use of bicycle as a means of promoting sustainable development, improving physical education, promoting health, preventing disease, etc,
4.       June 4- International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression was observed with the objective to acknowledge the pain suffered by children throughout the world who are the victims of physical, mental and emotional abuse.
1.       An agreement with Kerala government to construct three marine ambulances for state fisheries department was signed by Cochin Shipyard Ltd (CSL). These three vessels will be designed by CSL at its in-house design department. These vessels will be able to complement two patients and will have a total crew capacity of seven, including paramedical staff.
2.       India recycles only 5% of its e-waste and the country is one of the biggest contributors of e-waste in the world according to the recent study of ASSOCHAM-NEC on “Electricals & Electronics Manufacturing in India”. India generates around 2 million tonnes per annum (TPA) of E-waste of which 12% constituted of telecom equipment alone. Apart from India, the top e-waste generator countries are China, US, Japan and Germany. Among Indian states, largest quantity of E-waste is generated by Maharashtra (19.8% ), followed by Tamil Nadu (13%), Uttar Pradesh (10.1%), Karnataka (8.9%), Gujarat (8.8%) and Madhya Pradesh (7.6%). Out of the 2 million TPA e-waste generated, only 4.38 Lakh TPA is recycled in India. The low quantum of recycling of e-waste in India is due to lack of infrastructure, absence of strong legislative framework etc. 
3.       “Taj Declaration to Beat Plastic Pollution” was made in the presence of United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) Executive Director Erik Solheim and UNEP Goodwill Ambassador Diya Mirza. With an aim to make 500-meter area around Taj Mahal litter free and phase out single use plastic. Union Minister Mahesh Sharma administered a pledge to Agra Residents and this is called as Taj Declaration. The declaration came ahead to the World Environment day, June 5. The Environment day to be celebrated on June 5 has a slogan of ‘Beat Plastic Pollution’.
4.       Humsafar Jodhpur Bandra Express started its journey towards Bandra from Bhagat Ki Kothi Railway station in Rajasthan’s Jodhpur on June 2, 2018. This was flagged off by Union Railway Minister, Piyush Goyal. Special features to be implemented in the train are, LED screen displays, Vending machines, bio- toilets, smoke alarms and CCTVs. Each coach is also planned to have heating chambers and refrigerating boxes to keep the homemade food of the passengers fresh. Adequate arrangements have been made in the trains, including mobile charging points, CCTVs and Bio Toilets. Humsafar Express are a completely 3-tier AC sleeper trains which started their operation from December 2016.
5.     The 49th Conference of Governors is going to held from June 4-5, 2018 in Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi was inaugurated by President Ram Nath Kovind. The conference will involve discussions on important agendas including clean India mission, internal security, higher education and skill development. It will also involve discussions on important thematic issues in various sessions.
6.     The Haryana government decided to provide sanitary napkins at just Re 1 to girl students of government schools starting from August 2018 after a meeting with senior functionaries of school education department and health department. The scheme will cover women belonging to Below Poverty Line (BPL) families too. Only 28 per cent of girls use sanitary napkins while 40 per cent of women use cloth during menstruation, which leads to hygiene issues and diseases according to a state survey. The CM also said that girls till the age of 18 years will be provided with the napkins in schools, while those above the age limit will get it through the through Public Distribution System at ration shops every month. The move will provide huge relief to girls and women. 
7.     Himachal Pradesh Governor Acharya Dev Vrat has announced that a sports academy will be established in the state for underprivileged children so that the talent of India in sports could be utilised. The academy would be established in public-private partnership mode with combined efforts of sportsmen, NGOs and the state government. 
8.     Haryana Government has decided to give 15 day paternity leave to all male government employees to take care of the new-born child. This announcement was made by CM Manohar Lal Khattar. He also decided to raise the strength of women in police force from existing 11 percent to 20 percent. 
9.     The Centre has asked Jammu & Kashmir and other states to confine illegal Rohingya settlers to pre-identified locations within their respective jurisdictions, record their personal particulars, including biometric details and not to issue them Aadhaar number or any other identity proof.The meticulous preparation of their personal particulars has been sought so that these details can eventually be shared with Myanmar for likely repatriation.The move indicates the government’s intent to prevent a wider diffusion of Rohingya in India beyond the camps and the Centre’s concern over possible presence of radical elements among them and their involvement in crime.
10.  In Haryana, each district will now get one-stop centres to facilitate integrated services for women affected by violence. At present seven one-stop centres are functional in many districts and now Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar has accorded approval for the setting up of 15 more centres in other districts. One stop centre is hundred per cent centrally sponsored scheme under the Nirbhaya Fund. The services would include police assistance, medical aid, psycho-social counselling, legal aid and counselling and temporary stay for five days. 
11.  The Union Government on May 31, 2018 reconstituted the Press Council of India (PCI) for a three-year term. However, the names under medium newspaper category have not been declared yet as the matter related to it is sub-judice.
12.  The Supreme Court (SC) on May 31, 2018 directed the Centre to not to disburse any grants to the states which have not yet registered domestic workers under the Unorganised Workers Social Security Act, 2008. The ruling came after the apex court was told that several states have still not complied with its direction of January 11, 2018 in which it had directed the registration of domestic workers, beginning from February 2018. 
13.   The Central Government has constituted the Cauvery Water Management Authority (CMA) to address the dispute over sharing of river water among Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Puducherry following the directions from Supreme Court. The newly constituted Cauvery Water Management Authority (CMA) has been created as per the Cauvery Management Scheme earlier framed by Centre and approved by Supreme Court. The authority will comprise a chairman, a secretary and eight members.  Out of the eight members, two will be full time, while two will be part time members from centre’s side. Rest four will be part time members from states. The main mandate of the CMA will be to secure implementation and compliance of the Supreme Court’s order in relation to “storage, apportionment, regulation and control of Cauvery waters”. CMA will also advise the states to take suitable measures to improve water use efficiency. It will do so by promoting use of micro-irrigation, change in cropping patterns, improved farm practices and development of command areas. The CMA will also prepare an annual report covering its activities during the preceding year.
1.     Nearly half of Afghanistan's children are not attending school because of worsening security, poverty and sex discrimination. The number of children deprived of schooling is at its highest rate since 2002, the year after the US-led ouster of the repressive Taliban regime, which had banned girls from the classroom according to a new reprt of UN which was released on June 3, 2018.
2.     US President Donald Trump said that he would agree to a fair deal on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which is currently being renegotiated with Canada and Mexico, or there would be no deal at all. Earlier, the Canadian Prime Minister had accused US Vice President Mike Pence for the collapse of the NAFTA negotiations.Trump, Trudeau and several other world leaders are scheduled to meet next week in Canada at a G-7 meeting.
3.     Denmark's Parliament on May 31, 2018 banned the wearing of face veils (burqa and niqab) in public places, a move that will criminalise Muslim women who choose to wear the niqab or burqa.The law forbids the wearing of full-face veils such as the niqab, balaclavas, face-covering ski masks, face masks and fake beards. It does not outlaw headscarves, turbans, traditional Jewish Kippa, protective masks, winter clothing such as scarves or costumes and motorcycle helmets. Fines will range from 1000 Danish crowns (USD 160) for a first offense to 10000 crowns for a fourth violation.
Science and Technology:
1.       An Online Analytical Tool to facilitate closer monitoring of flow and utilisation of foreign contributions received by various organisations registered or permitted under Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 was launched by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). FCRA 2010 provides for regulation of acceptance of foreign funds/foreign hospitality by certain individuals, associations, organisations and companies. The web-based tool will help to effectively monitor hundreds of thousands of transactions undertaken by such organisations and help stakeholders in Government to better regulate acceptance and utilisation of foreign contributions.
2.     A special kind of neutron star for the first time outside of the Milky Way galaxy have discovered by the scientists of NASA. It was discovered using data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope in Chile. Neutron stars are the ultra dense cores of massive stars that collapse and undergo a supernova explosion.
3.     A new system to generate more accurate and area specific forecast of extreme weather events including rains, heat wave and cold wave named as new Ensemble Prediction System (EPS) has launched by the Ministry of Earth Science (MoES). The most salient feature of new EPS is its high resolution for short-medium range weather forecasts. Under the new system, the area of spatial resolution (currently 23 km grid scale) will come down to 12 km. This would help sending out district level warning and forecast extreme weather events as before as five days. In its calculations, the system will use a newly procured 8 petaflops high-power computing system. The system was recently procured for Rs. 450 crore. The new EPS system has been developed by three bodies under Ministry of Earth Sciences viz. Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF) and Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology. 

First in State/India/World:
1.       India received its first shipment of its so far cheapest Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) from Russian supplier Gazprom on June 4, 2018. At present, Qatar is biggest supplier of Natural Gas to India. The recent shipment from Russia has come under a 20 year deal between India’s State-owned gas company GAIL India Ltd and Russian supplier Gazprom. A few weeks before India had also imported its first ever LNG cargos from US under a long-term import deal.  
2.       The foundation stone of India’s first advanced forensic lab “Sakhi Suraksha Advanced DNA Forensic Laboratory” dedicated for crimes related to women for timely deliver justice was laid in the campus of Central Forensic Science Lab (CFSL), Chandigarh. There are four units viz. sexual assault and homicide unit, paternity unit, human identification unit and mitochondrial unit. Apart from Homicide and Sexual Assault and Unit, other three units are interlinked. They will work to examine cases related to crime against women. The advanced lab in par with international standards will contribute to address gap in forensic DNA analysis of pending sexual assault cases in the country. The lab has been set up as model forensic lab and will be replicated in other parts of the country. 5 more such advanced forensic labs will come up in Mumbai, Chennai, Guwahati, Pune and Bhopal in the next 3 months bringing total minimum annual handling capacity of labs to 50000 cases. The labs in Chennai and Mumbai will be set up with funds from Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) while remaining 3 labs would be set up with funds by Ministry of Home Affairs.
3.     A MoU was signed with a Kolkata-based export-import firm, to market Tripura’s pineapple in Dubai and other foreign countries on 18th May 2018. The first consignment of pineapples from the state of Tripura to be exported to Dubai was flagged off by Tripura Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb on June 3, 2018.He also urged the farmers in the state to plant pineapples and bamboo in land lying unused.
1.       Malabar 2018 - The 22nd edition of the Tri lateral naval exercise will be held off the coast of Guam in Philippine Sea from June 6-15, 2018 between India, Japan and United States. Indian Navy participation in this year’s exercises will include indigenous stealth frigate INS Sahyadri, fleet tanker INS Shakti, anti-submarine corvette INS Kamorta and P-8I long-range maritime patrol aircraft. Japan is deploying its helicopter carrier JDS Ise along with Kawasaki P-1 aircraft maritime patrol aircraft and Soryu class conventional submarines. US is sending its aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan along with strike complement of destroyers, nuclear attack submarines and support ships in addition to P-8A maritime patrol aircraft. This edition of annual exercise will focus on high-end war fighting skill sets, subject matter expert and professional exchanges.
2.       RIMPAC-2018 - the world’s largest international maritime warfare exercise Rim of the Pacific will be held from June 27 to August 2, 2018 in and around Hawaiian Islands and Southern California. The theme for this year’s exercise is “Capable, Adaptive, Partners.”  26 countries, including India participating in this exercise. Four countries Brazil, Israel, Sri Lanka and Vietnamare are participating for first time. In this edition, RIMPAC for first time will see participation of land-based unit in the live fire event. It will see participation of 47 surface ships, five submarines, 18 national land forces, and more than 200 aircraft and 25,000 personnel. New Zealand will be serving as sea combat commander in this edition of exercise, and Chile serving as combined force maritime component commander. This will be for the first time non-founding RIMPAC nation (Chile) will hold component commander leadership position. New Zealand will be serving as sea combat commander in this edition of exercise, and Chile serving as combined force maritime component commander. This will be for the first time non-founding RIMPAC nation (Chile) will hold component commander leadership position.
3.       The maiden flight test of new surface-to-air missile (yet to get formal name) powered by Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR) propulsion Technology was conducted from Launch Centre-III of Integrated Test Range at Chandipur, Odisha by DRDO. SFDR technology is jointly developed by India and Russia. It will help both India’s surface-to-air and air-to-air missiles to perform better and enhance their strike range, making them more lethal.
4.       Agni- 5 missile was successfully test fired from Dr Abdul Kalam Island off the Odisha coast by DRDO. Agni 5 ballistic missile is the brainchild of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). This is the 6th test fire of the state-of-the-art Agni 5 missile. Agni missile is a surface to surface missile and is launched with the help of mobile launcher of the Integrated Test Range at Dr Abdul Kalam Island formerly known as Wheeler Island. Agni-5 is a nuclear capable long range missile with new technologies in terms of navigation and guidance, warhead and engine. The three stage,17- meter tall, two-meter wide Agni-5 missile has a range of 5000 km. It can carry a nuclear war head weighing up to 1.5 tonnes. Agni-1 has a range of 700 km, Agni-2 with a 2000 km range, Agni-3 and 4 have a range of 2500 km to 3500km.
1.       A new Health Insurance Scheme for the journalists named as “Gopabandhu Sambadika Swasthya Bima Yojana” has been launched by the state government in Odisha. The scheme has been named after Gopalbandhu Das (1877-1928) a prominent social worker, reformer, political activist, journalist, poet and essayist of Odisha. His contribution to art, culture and society to Odisha earned him the epithet of Utkalmani (jewel of Odisha). His contribution to journalism in the state was short but remarkable. In the decade of 1910, he had launched a monthly literary magazine called Satyabadi through which he tried to educate the masses. It provides Rs. 2 Lakh per annum health insurance cover to all working journalists of the state. This scheme came into effect from June 1, 2018 and will initially cover around 3200 journalists and their family members from various media groups. The insurance coverage will be applicable for cashless treatment in government and private hospitals. The scheme will also cover the injuries and illness faced by journalists while performing their duties.
2.       The construction of another 1.5 lakh affordable houses under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) for benefit of urban poor has approved by the Union Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs. Andhra Pradesh tops the list of houses with 56,512 units, followed by Uttar Pradesh (26,060), Madhya Pradesh (17,920), Jharkhand (14,526) and Maharashtra (13,506). With this, cumulative houses under PMAY(U) would be 47,52,751 houses. PMAY(U) aims provide houses to all poor in urban areas by 2022. It is new version of Prime Minister’s Housing for all by 2022 vision. Its objective is to construct two crore houses across nation. It covers entire urban area consisting of 4041 statutory towns with initial focus on 500 Class I cities.
3.       Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)- The Union Finance Ministry has signed US $500 million (Rs 3,371 crore) loan agreement with World Bank to provide additional financing for Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) rural road projects. The loan has maturity of 10 years along with 3 year grace period. It will provide additional financing for PMGSY Rural Roads Project to build 7,000 km of climate resilient roads, out of which 3,500 km will be constructed using green technologies. PMGSY fully funded centrally sponsored scheme launched in 2000. It aims to provide single all-weather road connectivity to all eligible unconnected habitations in the rural areas with population of 500  persons  and  above  (in plain areas) and 250 persons and above (in Hilly States , desert Areas, Tribal   areas   and   selected Tribal and Backward Districts). Union Ministry of Rural Development is nodal ministry for implementation of Scheme.
1.       The Indian mobile payment applications namely BHIM, RuPay and UPI enabled remittance app of SBI was launched by PM Modi at ‘Business, Innovation and Community Event’ held in Singapore where digital platform was the main theme. RuPay digital payments system was linked up with Singapore’s 33-year-old Network for Electronic Transfers (NETS) that  will enable RuPay users to make payments at all NETS acceptance points across Singapore. SBI’s UPI based rupee remittance app  was also launched at Singapore branch of the SBI which  will help to expand remittance offering. It will help Indian blue-collar workers working in Singapore to send remittance of up to Rs 100,000 in quick, easy and convenient way with the help of Virtual Payment Address (VPA). This service will be available to all savings account holders of SBI Singapore.
2.       ‘Financial Literacy Week’ is organized by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) across the nation from June 4 to June 8, 2018.This week will focus on four consumer protection messages like 'know your liability' for un authorized electronic banking transaction and good practices for a safe digital banking experience. Among various messages, the customers will be told through banners and posters that in case of un authorized digital transaction if the bank is informed within 3 days, the liability of the account holder is zero.
3.        The price of subsidized LPG has also been increased by Rs 2.34 per cylinder in New Delhi. It will now cost Rs 493.55 per 14.2 kg cylinder in Delhi, Rs 496.65 in Kolkata, Rs 491. 31 in Mumbai and Rs 481. 84 in Chennai. The price of non-subsidized cooking gas LPG was increased by 48 rupees per cylinder on June 1, 2018 in New Delhi.The cost of the gas will now be Rs 698 in Delhi, Rs 723.50 in Kolkatta, Rs 671. 50 in Mumbai and Rs 712.50 in Chennai. 

Appointments/ Resignations:
1.     Retired Justice Nasirul Mulk took oath as the seventh caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan on June1, 2018. Mulk, was unanimously nominated for the post by both the government and opposition.
1.     India's Suhana Saini (12yr old from Haryana) claimed the gold medal in the Oman Junior and Cadet Open, an ITTF Premium Circuit event by beating Egypt’s Hana Goda in the Hopes Girls singles final 3-1 to annex the coveted title. 
2.     The third Asia Cup International Bridge Championship in Goa from June 4 to June 11, 2018 would be hosting by India. This will be  contested in five categories namely men, women, mixed, super-mixed and senior. It will see participation from players belonging to countries including Australia, Bangladesh, Singapore, China, Japan, Indonesia, Pakistan and Korea. The first round of matches will be played from June 5-8. Four top teams in each category would then progress to the knock-out stage. While the semi-finals would be held on June 9, the finals and play-offs for the third place will be held on June 10.
3.     Sanjita Chanu, who had won a gold in the women's 53kg category in the 2018 Gold Coast Commonwealth Games, was tested positive for a banned anabolic steroid, testosterone. She is two-time Commonwealth Games champion weightlifter.

1.     Noted journalist and chief editor of Malayalam daily 'Janmabhoomi', Leela Menon( 85), passed away in Kochi on June 4, 2018 due to age related ailments.

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