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Daily Current Affairs July 17-18,2018 ( English)


Important Days:
1.     July 18- Nelson Mandela International Day was observed all over the world. This year marks the 100th birth anniversary of Nelson Mandela, who was born on 18th July 1918. Nelson Mandela is the late President of South Africa. He had spent 27 years in prison in his struggle against racism, poverty and social injustice
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National:
1.     National Database of Arms Licenses system is going to create by Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)  from April 2019. The move is aimed at keeping tab on authorised private gun holders, many of whom are often found involved in crimes and celebratory firing leading to loss of lives. It will include names of all arms licence holders, new or old and they will be issued a unique identification number (UIN). Any arms licence without UIN will be considered invalid.
2.     The assent for Assam Witch Hunting (Prohibition, Prevention and Protection) Bill, 2015 passed by State Assembly in August 2015 has given by President Ram Nath Kovind. The law aims to eliminate superstition from society by making such offences under it as non-bailable, non-compoundable and cognizable.
3.     A MoU has signed with Saab (Swedish aerospace and defence firm)  by Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL)  for jointly marketing L-Band 3D air surveillance radar (RAWL-03) which is co-developed by the companies. RAWL-03 is long range air surveillance radar for early detection and tracking of air and surface targets. Its system is based on state-of-the-art GaN TR module technology and incorporates the latest signal processing techniques. It can be fitted in both ship-borne and land-based configurations.
4.     Elphinstone Road suburban railway station in Mumbai, Maharashtra was renamed to Prabhadevi Station in honour of local deity Prabhadevi by Western Railways. The station code of Prabhadevi station will be PBHD. The station was initially named after Lord Elphinstone, who was Governor of Bombay Presidency from 1853 to 1860.
5.     A MoU to enhance research in the field of Ayurveda was signed between All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA) and IIT (Indian Institute of Technology)-Delhi on sidelines of two-day conference on ‘Raising towards Excellence’ held at New Delhi. As of part of MoU, AIIA will invite technological experts from IIT Delhi for research in ancient Indian medicine. It was the idea of Ministry of AYUSH to utilize technological expertise of IIT Delhi for further research in ancient Indian medicine. IIT Delhi does not have medical facility and has lined up 10 projects in Ayurveda research.
6.     A draft amendment to Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989, making Vehicle Tracking System device and FASTags mandatory for all commercial vehicles obtaining national permit has been issued by Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH).
International:
1.     Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) was signed between European Union (EU) and Japan at EU-Japan summit in Tokyo. It is biggest ever trade deal negotiated by the EU and creates free trade zone covering nearly third of the world’s GDP.
2.     A’Mhoine peninsula on north coast of Scotland at Sutherland has selected by UK Space Agency for its first spaceport to launch rockets vertically and put satellites in orbit. The first rocket launches from this spaceport are planned for early 2020s. The site was selected in part due to its beneficial geography. For development of this spaceport, UK Government is going to provide $3.3 million funding and will be built with help of consortium of companies.
3.     To monitor impacts of human activity on global ecosystems by using sophisticated online tools, UN Environment Programme (UNEP) has entered into partnership with search engine giant Google during High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development at United Nations (UN) headquarters in New York. The aim of the partnership is to develop platform to enable governments, NGO’s and public to track specific environment-related development targets with user-friendly Google front-end. Its initial focus will be on freshwater ecosystems including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes. Google will periodically produce geospatial maps and data on water-related ecosystems by employing massive parallel Cloud computing technology.
Science & Technology:
1.     As a part of the service life extension programme for Indian Army, DRDO has successfully test-fired supersonic cruise missile under extreme weather conditions from the Integrated Test Range at Balasore, Odisha. The test was conducted on the heels of earlier two trials conducted on May 21 and 22, 2018 in which the major sub-systems manufactured indigenously under the ‘Make in India’ campaign were successfully tested to increase missile’s life from 10 to 15 years. 
Economy:
1.     India will grow by 7.3% in 2018-19 against earlier estimate of 7.4% and 7.5% in 2019 for India as against 6.7% in 2017 according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in its latest World Economic Outlook (WEO) report. This makes India, fastest growing country among major economies in 2018-19 and 2019-20
2.     Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) has secured image trademark for its iconic building, Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers located on Dalal Street in Mumbai, Maharashtra under Trade Marks Act, 1999. Henceforth no one can use images of the  Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers for commercial purposes without consent from BSE or paying it licensing fee. With this, Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers joins elite club of distinguished structures around the world that have secured trademark rights. Mumbai’s Taj Mahal Palace hotel was first building in India to acquire image trademark under Trademark Act of 1999 in June 2017. Other iconic structures (builings) in the world that have received trademarks are Empire State Building, New York, USA; Eiffel Tower, Paris, France; Opera House, Sydney, Australia etc.
Schemes:
1.     ‘Paudhagiri campaign’- an unique program to increase green cover in the state has launched by Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar by planting ‘maulsari’ sapling in Tau Devi Lal Sports Complex premises of Gurugram. Under this campaign, 22 lakh students studying in Class 6th to 12th of all government and private schools will plant  sapling each, during three month s of monsoon ( July, August and September). State forest department will provide sapling to every student. The campaign aims increase green cover in the state, help in stabilising environment and improve overall climatic conditions, thus help in checking global warming. State Government will give incentive of Rs 50 in every six months from government, after student upload his selfie with his or her plant on App planted by him or her. Student will get total Rs 300 in three years for looking after sapling.


Defence:
1.     The trials of US-made M777 ultralight howitzer is going to resume by Indian Army in the Pokhran firing range, Rajasthan. M777 is 155-mm, 39-calibre towed artillery gun. It is manufactured by US based BAE Systems’ Global Combat Systems division.
First in State/ National/International:
1.      World’s first remotely operable LEAP microscope has commissioned by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Madras. LEAP is high-performance microscope that can provide a precise atom-by-atom view of materials. It provides atomic-scale insights into metallic, which will influence wide spectrum of industries ranging from steel to automobiles and energy to transportation sector.
Appointments:
1.     Prof Anil D Sahasrabudhe  has been reappointed as the chairman of the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) by Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC). He was joined AICTE as Chairman in July 2015.


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