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Daily Current Affairs for Aug 20,2018 (English)


Important Days:
1.      August19- World Humanitarian Day (WHD) is observed every year to recognize work of humanitarian personnel and those who have lost their lives. The campaign theme for this year is #NotATarget.
National:
1.      The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) on August 16, 2018 directed all the insurance companies to make a provision to cover mental illness also in insurance policies. Thus, all insurance companies were directed to comply with the aforesaid provisions of the Mental Healthcare Act, 2017 with immediate effect.
2.      Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) has proposed to set up five-member committee headed by IIT-Madras director Bhaskar Ramamurthy to suggest changes to JEE (Advanced) in the wake of an inadequate number of candidates qualifying entrance test this year. 
3.      The Unique Identity Authority of India (UIDAI) announced phased roll-out of face recognition for carrying out Aadhaar authentication from September 15, 2018 as additional security layer. The face authentication will be in addition to fingerprint or iris scans for Aadhaar authentication. It also has announced new feature ‘Live Face Photo’ which is live feed of person facial features whose 12-digit unique number Aadhaar is submitted. In initial phase, telecom service providers (TSPs) will be first to use face recognition to authenticate subscribers while issuing new SIM cards. This move is aimed at curbing possibility of fingerprint cloning or spoofing and also seeks to tighten security around the issuance and activation of mobile SIMs.


 International:
1.       Panini language laboratory was recently inaugurated at Mahatma Gandhi institute in Mauritius by External Affairs minister Sushma Swaraj on the sidelines of 11th World Hindi Conference held in Mauritius. It aims to promote reading and writing Hindi amongst young generation and its further development.
2.       Around 180 families, who were torn apart by the 1950-53 Korean War, will be temporarily reunited in North Korea starting from August 20, 2018 briefly after 65 years. The move comes after the two Koreas renewed exchanges in 2018 following the decades-long standoff over North Korea’s nuclear and missile programmes.
3.      Kofi Annan (88), former UN Secretary-General passed away on August 18, 2018 after a short illness. In 1997, Annan became the first African to take up the role of Secretary General at the United Nations. He served two terms as the chief of United Nations, from 1997 to 2006. He later served as the UN special envoy for Syria, leading efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict.
Science & Technology:
1.      The indigenously developed light weight glide bomb Smart Anti Airfield Weapon (SAAW) dropped from an Indian Air Force (IAF) aircraft has tested successfully by DRDO. Total of three tests with eighth round of developmental trails with different release conditions were conducted during 16 to 18 August 2018 and all the mission objectives have been achieved.
Defence:
1.      Maitree 2018 – the joint platoon level military exercise between India and Thailand was conducted in Thailand from 6 to 19 August 2018. The Maitree 2018 immensely benefitted both armies from each other’s expertise and experience in conduct of tactical level counter terrorist operations.
2.      The biennial multinational air exercise - Pitch Black – 18 (PB-18) hosted by Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) concluded recently Darwin, Australia. In this edition of exercise, Indian Air Force (IAF) for the first time participated with air assets and in earlier exercises it had participated as observer. It was the largest Pitch Black ever conducted by Australia. The objectives of this exercise were to foster closer relationship between participating friendly forces and promote interoperability through exchange.
3.      (ATGM) ‘HELINA’ – the indigenously developed Helicopter launched Anti-Tank Guided Missile was successfully flight tested from Indian Army Helicopter at Pokhran range. HELINA is helicopter launched version known of NAG ATGM. HELINA is one of the most advanced Anti-Tank Weapons in the world. It works on “fire and forget” principle and operates in Lock on Before Launch mode. It has operational range of 7-10km (after air-launched). It is equipped with highly advanced Imaging Infrared Radar (IIR) seeker along with integrated avionics.
4.      Israeli Navy announced to procure multi-purpose Barak 8 missile defence system. The system has been jointly developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). It will be used by Israeli Navy’s Sa’ar-6 corvettes to expand operational capabilities of Israeli navy. It is an operational air and missile defense system used by Israeli Navy as well as by Indian Navy and air forces.
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Economy:
1.      The Parliament's Committee on Estimates, headed by veteran BJP leader Murali Manohar Joshi, looking into the issue of mounting non-performing assets (NPAs), asked former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan to appear before it and brief it on the matter of NPAs. Rajan was invited after former Chief Economic Advisor (CEA) Arvind Subramanian praised him before the Parliamentary Committee for identifying the NPA crisis and trying to resolve it.
2.      A Draft Notification proposing amendments in Form No. 13, and Rules 28, 28AA, 28AB, 37G and 37H of the Income-tax Rules, 1962 has been uploaded on the website of the Income Tax Department for comments from stakeholders and general public. Income-tax Rules, 1962 (I.T.Rules) prescribe Form No.13 for filing an application for seeking a certificate under Section 197 and/or under Section 206C (9) of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (the Act) and for no deduction of tax; or deduction/collection of tax at lower rate.
Appointments/Resignations:
1.      Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan’s 21 members-cabinet took the oath on August 20, 2018. President Mamnoon Hussain administered the oath to the nominated cabinet members, at a ceremony held at the President House in Islamabad. 
Awards:
1.      The Prestigious World Health Organization (WHO) World No Tobacco Day 2017 Award was awarded to Delhi government’s additional director of health, SK Arora for his extraordinary contribution towards tobacco control. He was presented the award by Henk Bekedam, WHO India country head in New Delhi. World No Tobacco Day is observed around the world every year on 31 May.
Sports:
1.       India’s first gold medal won by Wrestler Bajrang Punia in the men’s freestyle 65 kg final event by defeated Japan’s Takatani Daichi at the 18th edition of the Asian Games held in Jakarta, Indonesia. It was Bajrang’s maiden gold medal and overall second medal in Asian Games after he had earlier won silver medal in 2014 Asian Games (Incheon, South Korea) in the men’s freestyle 61 kg category.
2.       Apurvi Chandela and Ravi Kumar were first Indian athletes to win medals in 2018 Asian Games. Both had won bronze medal in mixed team rifle shooting event.
3.       India’s first medal was won by shooter Deepak Kumar, who won much-deserved silver in the men’s 10m air rifle finals event.
4.       Two –time CWG champion Vinesh Phogat defeated Japans IrieYuki in the womens free style 50kg final to become the first Indian Woman wrestler to win gold at the Asian games .She bagged her second Asiad medal. Indian has won two gold medals at 2018Asiad so far.


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