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Daily Current Affairs for Aug 30-31,2018 (English)


National:
1.      Arunachal Pradesh Re-Organisation of Districts (Amendment) Bill, 2018 for the creation of three new districts, Pakke-Kesang, Lepa Rada and Shi Yomi in the state has passed by voice vote in Arunachal Pradesh Legislative assembly. With addition of these three new districts, state will have total 25 districts from earlier 22 districts.
2.      Governor of Assam has extended application of Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (AFSPA) in the entire state for six more months with immediate effect. This decision was taken as precautionary measure to maintain law and order during ongoing National Register of Citizens (NRC) update process during the ongoing National Register of Citizens (NRC) update process.
3.      The third edition of World’s biggest open innovation model Smart India Hackathon 2019 (SIH-2019) has launched by the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD). It aims to provide students with platform to solve some of pressing problems faced by people in their daily lives. It also seeks to inculcate culture of product innovation and mindset of problem-solving among young children.
4.      India has inked $346 million loan agreement with Asian Development Bank (ADB) to finance Karnataka State Highways Improvement III Project (KSHIP-III) for improvement of over 400 km of state highways in Karnataka. This will help in enhancement of connectivity and access to economic centres across 12 districts in Karnataka. KSHIP-lll project will upgrade about 419 kilometers of state highways to two-and four-lane with paved shoulders. It will also reconstruct, widen, and strengthen culverts and bridges.
5.      Innovation Cell has established at AICTE premises in New Delhi by Union Ministry of Human Resource Development. Its primary mandate is to encourage, inspire and nurture young students by exposing them to new ideas and processes resulting in innovative activities in their formative years fostered through network of innovation clubs in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) across the country.
6.      National Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) strategy for India has released by Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC). It has been prepared by Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education (ICFRE), Dehradun. It is one of tools to further supplement India’s commitment to 2015 Paris agreement. It aims at achieve climate change mitigation by incentivizing forest conservation. This strategy will soon be communicated to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
7.      Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARRIA) to systematically rank education institutions and universities primarily on innovation related indicators has introduced by Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD). ARRIA is named after former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. ARRIA aims to promote culture of innovation and research in higher education. It will focus on quality of innovations rather than quantity and measure the real impact created by these innovations nationally and internationally.
8.      To strengthen sewage water treatment infrastructure in Uttarakhand in an effort to clean River Ganga under Clean Ganga Mission, Germany has announced to provide soft loan of euro 120 million (Rs. 990 crore approximately) to India. German development agency GIZ also has prepared ‘Ganga Box’ aimed to target schools-going children and inform them about the river.
9.      The fourth Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) summit was concluded in Kathmandu which began on Aug 30,2018 with the signing and adoption of the Kathmandu Declaration by all the seven members. . The theme of the summit was ‘Towards a Peaceful Prosperous, and Sustainable Bay of Bengal Region’. The 18-point Kathmandu Declaration is expected to enhance the effectiveness of BIMSTEC Secretariat by engaging it in various technical and economic activities in the region. Current chair of BIMSTEC, Nepal PM KP Sharma Oli gave a closing speech after handing over the Chairmanship of the next BIMSTEC Summit to Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena. Hence, Sri Lanka will be conducting the fifth summit of the BIMSTEC.
10.  Pindara Thakur village under coveted Amethi parliamentary constituency of Congress president Rahul Gandhi would go fully digital from September 1, 2018. The villagers of Pindara Thakur would be linked with Wi Fi Chaupal and they would be able to use 2 GB free data for the first 15 days and later avail the service at cheaper rates.  It would be digitally linked to the outside world in a formal ceremony on September 1, 2018 by Smriti Irani. Irani had fought the 2014 Lok Sabha elections from Amethi but had lost to Gandhi by over 1 lakh votes. Irani will also inaugurate the 'Digital India Banking Service' at the head post office of Amethi in Amethi town to boost the payment services in post offices.


International:
1.       The Chinese Government unveiled its plans to control the number of online games as part of an effort to prevent myopia among children. The education ministry said in a statement that the authorities will regulate and control the total number of internet games, as well as the number of new titles. The plan is the latest move to tighten government oversight over the country's fast-growing and highly popular video game industry and a new blow to their stock market fortunes.
Science & Technology:
1.      IBM has partnered with Indian IT companies (Persistent Systems, Invest India, Wipro, Capgemini and NASSCOM) for its ‘Call for Code’ initiative that aims to build global solutions for disaster management. The initiative seeks to solve one of the most pressing societal issues of preventing, responding to and recovering from natural disasters. For this, IBM provide access to its cloud, data, Artificial Intelligence and blockchain technologies, along with training and code to developers.
2.      Bhuvan Ganga Mobile Application and Web Portal to aid flagship mission to Clean Ganga has launched by Union Government. Bhuvan Ganga application will facilitate public to upload pictures of pollution sources of the Ganga River for further action by the authorities concerned. Bhuvan Ganga Portal: It is deployed as part of Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO’s) Bhuvan’s geoportal with all geospatial layers related to Ganga River. It will be used as a tool to support decision making and planning for the Clean Ganga Mission.
3.      Chander Mohan, an Indian-American scientist has identified as many as 50 protein biomarkers that can non-invasively detect inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a gut disorder that leads to diarrhoea, abdominal cramps and weight loss. IBD occurs when the body's immune system fights its intestinal cells. Two of the most common types are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, both of which cause inflammation in the digestive tract. 
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Defence:
1.      Vostok-2018 (East-2018) military exercise is going to conduct by Russia in central and eastern Russian military districts from September 11 to 15, 2018. Vostok-2018 will involve participation of units from Russian Army, Air Force and Navy. China and Mongolia will also participate in Vostok 2018. Vostok-2018 exercise is being conducted in response to aggressive and unfriendly attitudes towards Russia by NATO and West countries. More than 300,000 troops, 36,000 tanks, armoured personnel carriers, armoured infantry vehicles, over 1,000 military aircraft, two naval fleets and all its airborne units will participate in this military exercise. It will be biggest war games ever conducted by Russia since Zapad-81 (West-81) exercise conducted by erstwhile Soviet Union in 1981 which had seen involvement about 100,000 to 150,000 troops.
Economy:
1.      $245 million finance package to implement project for providing safe, sustainable drinking water service to million people in three districts of West Bengal affected by arsenic, fluoride, and salinity has approved by Asian Development Bank (ADB). This project will play pivotal role in reducing burden of disease from arsenic and fluoride while preserving groundwater and enhancing climate resilience. The project will provide continuous potable water through metered connections to about 390,000 individual households in three districts of North 24 Parganas, Bankura and Purba Medinipur. Through this project, potable water will be provided through bulk water systems, consisting of intakes, water treatment plants and transmission mains that will be connected to grid with existing and new systems in these three districts.
Schemes:
1.      Union Minister for Women and Child Development, Maneka Sanjay Gandhi, along with Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath inaugurated the widows’ home ‘Krishna Kutir’ at Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh on August 31, 2018. Krishna Kutir is a special home for 1000 widows set up under its ‘Swadhar Greh Scheme’ of the Ministry. It is the largest ever facility of its kind created by a government organisation. The Vrindavan home will offer shelter and protection to the large number of helpless widows of Vrindavan. 
Appointments/Resignations:
1.       The Election Commission of India (ECI) nominated senior IAS officer Anand Kumar as the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Rajasthan replacing Ashwini Bhagat on August 30, 2018
Sports:
1.      India’s Arpinder Singh (25) won gold medal in Men’s Triple Jump event at 2018 Jakarta-Palembang Asian Games. With this, Arpinder Singh became first Indian in 48 years to win gold in men’s triple jump at the Asian Games. India’s last Asian Games gold medal in men’s triple jump had come in 1970 from Mohinder Singh Gill. Ruslan Kurbanov of Uzbekistan won silver medal. Shuo Cao of China was third and won bronze.
2.      Indian athlete Swapna Barman (21) won gold medal in women’s Heptathlon Athletics event at 18th edition of Asian Games held in Jakarta-Palembang in Indonesia. With this, she became first Indian to win gold medal in heptathlete event in Asian Games. Qingling Wang from China won silver medal and Yuki Yamasaki of Japan won bronze medal.
3.      India's gold medal account on Day 12 of the 18th Asian Games opened with Jinson Johnson, who with a time of 3:44:72 finished first in the men's 1500m final. Johnson, who had won the silver in 800m, took the gold this time, while Manjit Singh, who had won the gold in 800m, finished fourth. India's second gold of the day came through the Indian women's relay team who clinched the top position in the women's 4x400 relay finals. Hima Das gave India the lead at first and the other three racers - MR Poovamma, SL Gayakwad and V Koroth- maintained it right till the end. India took the first place with a timing of 3:28:72.
4.      Defending champion Nitu, Haryana boxer (48kg) claimed her second successive gold at the world youth boxing championships with a gritty performance in the final in Budapest on August 30, 2018 by defeating Thailand's Nillada Meekoon.



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