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Daily Current Affairs for March 5th 2019 ( English)

Important Days:
1.       March 3- World Wildlife Day was observed on March 3rd, 2019 with the theme ‘Life below water: for people and planet.’ This theme complements the Goal 14 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG14) aims to “conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.
2.       March 4- National Safety Day (NSC) is observed every year by National Safety Council of India. Theme for 2019 is – “Cultivate and Sustain a safety culture for building nation”. Started for a single day on 4th March as NSD, the Campaign converted into week long event as National Saefty Week (NSW) from 4-11 March.
3.       March 4 -   National Security Day also known as Rashtriya Suraksha Diwas was celebrated to praise the work of security forces such as army officers, para-military, policemen and commandos.

Tamil Nadu:
1.       Tamil Nadu has become the first state in the country to introduce Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) in the government hospitals. An MoU was signed between the state government and Heart Team India for these surgeries. TAVI is performed on old-age heart patients who cannot undergo an open-heart surgery and involves replacement of valve through a keyhole procedure. TAVI was launched in November 2018 at the Tamil Nadu Government Multi Super Speciality Hospital (TNGMSSH), Omandurar Estate and two people underwent the surgery free of cost.
1.       National Common Mobility Card (NCMC), which can be used to make payments across public transport anywhere in the country has launched by PM Modi while inaugurating the first phase of the Ahmedabad metro train service. It can be used in including Metro, bus and suburban railways, for toll and parking, and for retail like any credit or debit card. The first-level trials were successfully completed in collaboration with CDAC, BEL, National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), and State Bank of India. It is referred to as ”One Nation One Card. The National Common Mobility Card (NCMC) was envisaged as part of the National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) in 2006 by the Ministry of Housing and Urban affairs.
2.       During his two day visit to the state of Gujarat, these development works at the state has been inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. a) The first phase of the Ahmedabad Metro Rail project, 6.5 km stretch, connects Vastral to Apparel park area. b) The foundation Stone for the second phase of the Ahmedabad Metro Rail project which connects Motera cricket stadium to Mahatma Mandir in Gandhinagar. c) Laid the foundation stone for 78.8 kilometres long Anand- Godhra Railway line doubling project. d) 51 kilometre long Patan- Bindi Railway line by digitally flagging off a goods train. e) Distributed the Gold Cards to the beneficiaries of Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana- PM JAY and Ayushman Bharat Yojana. f) The new building of 1200 bed ultra modern super speciality hospital Medicity at Ahmedabad Civil Hospital campus. g) 590-bed cancer hospital, a 255-bed eye hospital and a dental hospital with 360 dental chairs at the Ahmedabad Civil Hospital campus.
3.       India, Bhutan, Nepal, Indonesia and Malaysia have signed the New Delhi Declaration on Asian Rhinos 2019 declaration for the conservation and protection of the species at the Second Asian Rhino Range Countries Meet organised by the Environment, Forest and Climate Change Ministry in collaboration with IUCN Asian Rhino Specialist Group, WWF- India and Aaranyak.It is aimed to increase the population of three species of Asian Rhinos namely Greater one-horned rhinoceros, Javan rhino, and Sumatran rhino.
4.       The ‘Azaadi ke Diwane’ museum dedicated to the unsung heroes of the country’s freedom struggle was inaugurated at the Red Fort premises. The Museum is part of Kranti Mandir Series to inspire the younger generation and to let them know the cost of freedom that the great fighters achieved by sacrificing their lives. The Museum is built by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Other Museums which are part of the Kranti Mandir series are Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Museum, Yaad-e-Jallian Museum and Museum on 1857- India’s first war of Independence.
5.        ‘Notun Disha’ (New Direction) for assessing the academic level of students in classes III-VIII and then improving their current level announced  by the government of Tripura and it was launched by state Education Minister Ratan Lal Nath. This initiative aims to make students proficient in all the subjects and for this purpose an educational assessment was conducted from 25-28th February 2019 to ascertain the current level of students.
1.       Jalamrutha - the water conservation scheme has launched by the government of Karnataka. The scheme focuses on drought-proofing measures, including protection and rejuvenation of water bodies. The water conservation strategy under the scheme comprises of four components viz. water literacy, rejuvenation of water bodies, creation of new water bodies as well as the development of watersheds and afforestation activities. The scheme will operate on a four-tier institutional structure with planning and execution committees being set up at village, taluk, district and State levels. The scheme will be implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development and Panchayat Raj of Karnataka.
Science &Technology:
1.       The Crew Dragon capsule of Space X has successfully docked with the International Space Station. The demonstration mission is named as Demo-1. It was a test mission before it can begin taking US astronauts into space. After the successful docking, the crew members of International Space Station opened the hatch of the space capsule and, for the first time, penetrated its interior in space. The Dragon Capsule had carried Ripley, a test dummy named after the heroine from Alien Movies.
2.       To identify seismically hazardous zones and encourage mapping activities, the Geological Survey of India (GSI) has launched 22 permanent global positioning system (GPS) stations across India. The 22 stations inaugurated are based at Kolkata, Thiruvananthapuram, Jaipur, Pune, Dehradun, Chennai, Jabalpur, Bhubaneswar, Patna, Raipur, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Gandhinagar Vishakhapatnam, Agartala, Itanagar, Mangan, Jammu, Lucknow, Nagpur, Shillong and Little Andaman. These stations are meant to delineate high strain zones for earthquake probability, determine a seismic motion on faults that may lead to a rupture and produce thematic maps with high positional accuracy.
3.       To impart basic knowledge on space technology, space science and applications to the young ones to arouse their interest in space activities. ISRO has launched the Young Scientist Programme (Yuva Vigyani Karyakram). The Young Scientist Programme will involve a two-week residential training programme held each year during summer holidays for students from across the country who have completed class 8 and are studying in class 9. ISRO will select over 100 students from across India and give them practical experience of how satellites are built. Three Students will be selected from each state/union territory to participate in the programme each year covering CBSE, ICSE and state syllabus on their academic performance and extracurricular activities. The students from rural areas will be given special weightage in the selection and all the expenses of travelling and boarding will be funded entirely by ISRO. The students selected under the progranmme will also visit ISRO centres, interact with senior scientists, and will have access to research and development facilities.

1.       The 8th edition of India Bangladesh joint military exercise Sampriti 2019, began on 3rd March 2019. Sampriti 2019 is hosted by Bangladesh at Tangail will be held till March 15,2019. The joint exercise is aimed to increase mutual cooperation, bonhomie and camaraderie between the armies of India and Bangladesh.
2.       BOLD-QIT Surveillance along Dhubri district in Assam on the India Bangladesh border was inaugurated by  Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh. BOLD-QIT project involves the data network generated by microwave communication along with other paraphernalia, day and night surveillance cameras, and intrusion detection system. BOLD-QIT stands for Border electronically dominated quick response team interception technique. BOLD-QIT Surveillance is part of the Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS).

1.       PSBloansin59minutes.com which was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2018 has emerged as the country’s largest online lending platform, with loan sanctions exceeding over Rs 35,000 crore. The online portal has reduced the turnaround time from 20-25 days to 59 minutes and upon approval, the loan is disbursed in 7-8 working days. The portal provides credit up to Rs 1 crore to micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in just 59 minutes or less than an hour.
2.       The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has imposed a fine of 8 crores on 3 banks viz. Karnataka Bank
(4 Cr) United Bank of India(3 Cr) and Karur Vysya Bank (1 Cr ) for non-compliance of directions on Swift messaging software. SWIFT stands for Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications is a messaging network that financial institutions use to securely transmit information and instructions through a standardized system of codes. Under SWIFT, each financial organization has a unique code which is used to send and receive payments.
1.       TVS Motor Company has bagged the international sustainability award Green Era Award for Sustainability in Lisbon, Portugal. Tata Motors also won the Quality and Business Excellence Award in acknowledgement of its endeavour to create new benchmarks in product quality.
2.       Thanga Darlong, a musician from Tripura was awarded with the first Atal Behari Vajpayee Life Time Award at the 37th Agartala Book Fair in Agartala, Tripura. He is the last tribal musician who plays Rosem which is a flute-like musical instrument made of bamboo.
3.       Kavya Kopparapu, an Indian-American teenager residing in Herndon, Virginia has been awarded the National STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) Education Award 2019. She has been awarded for her significant invention in enhancing treatments of glioblastoma– which is the deadliest form of brain cancer.
4.       Indian Bank, a Public Sector Bank (PSB), headquartered at Chennai, Tamil Nadu has been awarded the Best Bank Award by the Tamil Nadu government for successfully meeting the needs of women’s self-help groups (SHGs).The award was given to MK Bhattacharya, the executive director of Indian Bank by the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu K Palaniswami at Salem, Tamil Nadu.
Appointments/ Resignations:
1.      Ajit Singh(Former Chief Justice of Gauhati High Court ) has been appointed as the first Lokayukta of Odisha. He was chosen by a selection committee which was led by Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik and his name was then approved by Odisha Governor Ganeshi Lal.
2.      Senior IAS officer Sanjeev Ranjan has been designated as secretary of Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH).He will succeed Yudhvir Singh Malik.
3.      Sheikh Ahmad Al-Fahad Al-Sabah of Kuwait, who is considered a major power broker in sport world, is re-elected as president of the powerful Olympic Council of Asia.
4.      Anil Kumble, a former India captain and great leg spinner was re-appointed ICC (International Cricket Council) Cricket Committee Chairman for a final 3 year term in a board meeting of cricket council in Dubai. Anil Kumble has been the chairman of the committee since 2012.
5.      India’s doubles badminton coach– Tan Kim Her, a native of Malaysia has resigned from his post citing personal reasons. His term with Badminton Association of India (BAI) had to come to an end after the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.

1.       The Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) has decided to reintroduce Cricket in the 2022 Asian Games to be held at Hangzhou, China. Earlier Cricket had featured in 2010 and 2014 Asian Games but was dropped from the 2018 Asian Games. Asian Games, also known as Asiad is a multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia.
2.       57th International Wrestling Tournament ‘Dan Kolov – Nikola Petrov’ conducted from 28 Feb-3 Mar 2019 in Ruse, Bulgaria. The Best Bulgarian Wrestler will be awarded with the prize ‘The Golden Belt – Dan Kolov and Nikola Petrov’. Indian Wrestlers won medals in the tournament were Bajrang Punia won gold medal in 65 kg freestyle category defeating Jordan Oliver of USA for 12-3. He dedicates the gold to wing commander Abhinanadan Varthaman. Pooja Dhanda won gold in 59 kg women’s freestyle category. Sakshi Malik settled for a silver medal in the 65 kg category. Sandeep Tomar claimed silver medal in the Men’s 61kg category. Vinesh Phogat claimed silver medal in the Women’s 53kg.

3.       Chris Gayle, West Indies opener has signed off his last One Day International in the West Indies with a record half century against England at the Darren Sammy National Cricket Stadium in Saint Lucia on 2nd March, 2019. Chris Gayle reached his fifty in 19 balls and became the fastest West Indian to reach the milestone. He has surpassed West Indies Darren Sammy’s record.

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