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Daily Current Affairs for March 10-12, 2018 ( English)


 Important days:
1.  The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) celebrated its 33rd Inception Day on March 11, 2018.  It was established on 11 March 1986 as the central police organisation. It is headquartered in New Delhi.

National:
1.    National Nutrition Mission (NMM) was launched by PM Modi  at Jhunjhunu in Rajasthan on the occasion of International Women’s Day. It aims to monitor, supervise, fix targets and guide nutrition related interventions across Ministries. It will monitor various schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition. The mission targets to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anaemia among young children, women and adolescent girls and reduce low birth weight by at least 2% per annum. Though target to reduce stunting is at least 2% annum, the mission will strive to achieve reduction in stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022.

2.  The Union Government has expanded Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) programme from 161 districts to all 640 districts of the country. The successful implementation of BBBP programme in states and districts has led government to decide to go Pan-India and expand the programme to all districts. The specific objectives of scheme are preventing gender biased sex selective elimination, ensuring survival and protection of the girl child and ensuring education and participation of the girl child. The scheme was launched by Prime Minister in January 2015 at Panipat, Haryana as comprehensive programme to address declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and related issues of empowerment of women over life-cycle continuum.

3.       Karnataka Government has decided to accept state flag proposed and designed by 9-member committee constituted by state Kannada and Culture department. The committee has recommended new tricolour having yellow (at top), white (in middle) and red (at bottom) colorus, with state’s emblem Gandaberunda (a two-headed mythological bird) in centre. The white colour in new flag symbolizes peace and captures Karnataka’s image the best, while other two colours are synonymous with Kannada identity. It will be official flag in place of an unofficial red and yellow flag that is currently used in the state to signify local pride.

4.     Diu has become the first and only Union Territory in the country to be fully run on solar energy. Diu’s peak-time demand for electricity goes up to 7 MW and now it daily generates about 10.5 MW of electricity from solar energy, making it electricity surplus. Despite scarcity of land, solar power plants have been installed over more than 50 acres. The solar power also has come as big relief for local residents as their monthly bill charges have fallen by around 12%. It also has significantly reduced electricity loss. The UT generates total of 13 megawatts (MW) of electricity from solar power generating facilities daily. Of this, 3 MW is generated by rooftop solar plants and 10 MW by its other solar power plants.

5.     The Supreme Court (SC) on March 9, 2018 ruled that the passive euthanasia and advance 'living will' are permissible by recognizing right to die with dignity as a fundamental right. The apex court ruled that individuals can draft a living will specifying that they shall not be put on life support if they undergo an incurable coma in the future. A living will is a written document that allows a patient to give explicit instructions in advance about the medical treatment to be administered when he or she is terminally ill.
6.     The Rajasthan Legislative Assembly has passed The Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Bill, 2018 providing for death penalty for convicts involved in rape of girls below 12 years of age. The amendment bill also provides to award life sentence and life imprisonment to child rapists to ensure that the convict doesn’t get out of the jail even after completing 14 years of sentence. With this bill, Rajasthan has become second state after Madhya Pradesh to award death penalty and lifetime imprisonment to child rapists.

7.      The National Conference on Counterfeiting and Role of Enforcement Agencies would be held in New Delhi from 13-14 March, 2018. The conference is being organised by the Cell for IPR Promotion and Management (CIPAM) in collaboration with the European Union (EU).
8.     Banlotwa has become the first 'alcohol-free' village in Ranchi district.  Jharkhand Chief Minister Raghuvar Das lauded the residents for achieving this feat and gave Rs 1 lakh cash to the village head, following his announcement two years ago that any village becoming alcohol-free would be given the money for its development.
9.     Union Environment Ministry amended the coastal zone rules to give relief to projects that started in the fragile coastal areas without required clearances. This will have a serious impact on livelihoods and ecology.
10.  National Academy of Coastal Policing (NACP) - India’s first national coastal policing academy, to train police forces in effectively safeguarding country’s shoreline will start functioning from April 2018. It will be launched from campus of Gujarat’s Fisheries Research Centre located in coastal Okha town in Devbhumi Dwarka district of Gujarat.

International:

1.       A 8.3 km stretch of Indo-Bangladesh border was declared  as first ‘crime-free zone’ by the director generals of Border Security Force (BSF), India and Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB). The stretch covers Gunarmath and Kalyani Border Out Posts (BOPs) in India and Puthkhali and Daulatpur BOPs in Bangladesh across border. The first ‘crime-free zone’ stretch is one of most vulnerable to crimes like cattle smuggling and others. Both border guarding forces with help of civil administrations of two countries, NGOs and local populance will help in ensuring that no crime takes place along stretch. Bangladesh and India share 4,156 km long international border. It is longest international border shared by India with its neighbours. It passes through five states viz. Assam (262 km), Tripura (856 km), Mizoram (180 km), Meghalaya (443 km) and West Bengal (2,217 km).

2.       A loan agreement was signed between Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) and European Investment Bank (EIB) for second line of credit (LoC) of Euro 150 million on non-sovereign basis for renewable energy financing in India. The LoC has tenure of 15 years including grace period of 3 years..

3.       11 Pacific Rim countries have formally entered into Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership or CP TPP or TPP11 in Santiago, Chile. It is revised version of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) proposed by US, that was finalized after US withdrew from it. TPP11 includes Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam. It will be world’s third largest trade bloc after European Union (EU) and North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

4.       A strategic pact providing for use of each other’s military facilities including opening naval bases to warships was inked between India and France. The agreement will facilitate reciprocal provision of logistic support, supplies and services between armed forces of India and France during authorized port visits, joint exercises and joint training among others. It was signed during official state visit of French President Emmanuel Macron to India.

5.       India and France singed 14 key agreements after extensive bilateral talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and French President Emmanuel Macron in New Delhi in strategic areas of security, nuclear energy, protection of classified information and also in field of education, environment, urban development and railways.

6.       Indian and French companies have exchanged 19 contracts and agreements worth over 13 billion euros in sectors including new and renewable energy, smart grid, nuclear energy, aviation, cement, and telecom among others. 

7.       The International Solar Alliance (ISA) and African Development Bank (AfDb), Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), Asian Development Bank (ADB), Green climate fund (GCF), and New Development Bank (NDB) signed Joint financial partnership Declarations. The International Energy Agency (IEA) also signed Joint partnership Declaration with ISA. The objective of these agreements is to deepen their cooperation in support of renewable energy. ISA had earlier signed three partnerships with World Bank, European Investment Bank (EIB) and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). Its major objectives include global deployment of over 1,000GW of solar generation capacity and mobilisation of investment of over US $1000 billion into solar energy by 2030.

8.       The United Nations children's agency (UNICEF) stated on March 6, 2018 that India has seen a sharp decline in child marriages over the last ten years with only 27 per cent of girls getting married before 18 years in comparison to 47 per cent a decade back.




Science & Technology/ Defence :
1.       World Health Organisation  has now requested drug makers to submit Expression of Interest (EoI) for Bedaquiline and Delaminid, two new-generation drugs, recommended for DR-TB. The aim of this proposal is to replicate success of addressing HIV epidemic. India has nearly 1.3 lakh DR-TB patients, most in the world.WHO has invited pharmaceutical companies around the world to submit proposals to manufacture affordable versions of newer medicines for treatment of drug resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB).

2.       The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) on March 11, 2018 launched a mobile app for providing better citizen-friendly services by law enforcement agencies. It can be used by citizens for various services such as complaint registration, status check, view FIR details, locate police station, emergency contact list, police stations telephone directory etc.

3.       Russia successfully launched high-precision aeroballistic Kinzhal hypersonic missile from a MiG-31 supersonic interceptor jet. Kinzhal, the name means double-edged Russian dagger. It can fly 10 times the speed of sound and has range of 2,000km. It is equipped with high-precision aeroballistic missiles supporting air strikes without entering enemy’s air defence zone. It can overcome air-defence systems.

4.       As a part of 10th edition of MILAN 2018- a three day exercise of The MILES-18, the first-ever multi-nation naval exercise at sea was held at the Andaman sea. Milan 2018, a multi-national mega event was organised by Andaman Nicobar naval command with theme ‘Friendship across the Seas’ to expand regional cooperation and combat unlawful activities in critical sea lanes. It was aimed to enhance inter-operability between participating countries. It also had enabled honing of search and rescue operations procedures, maritime interdiction operations, core operational skills and exercise and variety of maritime security scenarios. 11 naval ships of 8 countries (Australia, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Thailand) and nine Indian ships had participated in MILES-18




 Economy:
1.       The GST Council recommended the introduction of e-way bill for inter-State movement of goods across the country from April 1, 2018. For intra-State movement of goods, e-way bill system will be introduced in a phased manner not later than June 2018. E-way bill is required to be generated only where the value of the consignment exceeds Rs 50000. For smaller value consignments, no e-way bill is required. Value of exempted goods has been excluded from value of the consignment, for the purpose of e-way bill generation.


Appointments/Resignations:
1. Commerce and Industries Minister Suresh Prabhu was on March 10, 2018 took additional charge of the Civil Aviation Ministry
Awards/ Honors:
1.       Myanmar’s de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi was on March 7, 2018 stripped off her human rights award conferred by US Holocaust Memorial Museum. In a letter to Suu Kyi, Museum Director Sara Bloomfield insisted that they did not take this decision lightly, but were compelled to act in light of the mass displacements and killings of the Rohingyas at the hands of Myanmar's security forces.
2.       Forbes India on March 5, 2018 released the "W-Power Trailblazers" issue 2018, featuring 25 women stars on the ascendency in business.

3.       India won the ‘Best Exhibitor Award’ at the ‘ITB –Berlin World Tourist Meet’, which convened at Berlin, Germany from March 7-10, 2018.  India's Incredible India (Ministry of Tourism) presented a short film named "Yogi of the Racetrack "in the meet. The short film received 3.2 million hits in 60 hours.
4.       Hyderabad's Anindith Reddy was named as 'FMSCI National MotorSports Person of the Year 2017. While, KD Madan, a former FMSCI president and K1000 champion, was conferred with the FMSCI Lifetime Achievement Award for his immense contribution to the sport in the country.

Sports:

1.     45th edition of the Deodhar Trophy 2018 won by India B by defeating Karnataka in final match by 6 wickets at the Himachal Pradesh Cricket Association Stadium in Dharamsala.

2. 27th edition of the Sultan Azlan Shah cup 2018 for record 10th time won by World champions Australia in the final match held in Ipoh, Malaysia. Australia defeated defending champion England by narrow 2-1 goal margin.

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