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Daily Current Affairs for June 10-11,2018 ( English)

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1.       The World Health Organisation (WHO) has commended India’s progress in reducing maternal mortality ratio (MMR) by 77%, from 556 per 10000 live births in 1990 to 130 per 10000 live births in 2016. This progress puts India on track towards achieving Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target of MMR below Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target.
2.       A National Policy on Biofuels, which encourages the generation and use of bio-fuels such as ethanol has approved by the union government recently. The new policy allows feedstock for biofuels which includes sugar beet, corn, damaged food grain, potatoes, even municipal solid waste for the generation of bio-wastes. This will likely reduce the cost of producing biofuels and improve affordability for consumers, particularly during times when oil prices reach discomforting levels. The policy allows for a wider variety of raw materials to be used as inputs to produce ethanol that is blended with petrol. Until now, only ethanol produced from sugarcane was approved for this purpose.
3.     Andhra Pradesh CM Chandrababu Naidu has declared the state Open-Defecation Free after achieving the goal of constructing 2.77 lakh individual toilets. Notably, the state’s urban areas were declared ODF in 2016.
1.       Two MoUs related to sharing of Brahmaputra river data and supply of non-Basmati rice has signed between India and China. These MoUs were signed after Prime Minister Narendra Modi held detailed discussions with Chinese President Xi Jinping on bilateral and global issues to take forward agenda set at informal Wuhan Summit of April 2018.
2.       The 18th Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit concluded with the adoption of the Qingdao declaration. The Qingdao declaration calls for implementing three-year plan to combat terrorism, separatism and extremism. It also calls for implementation of treaty on long-term good neighbourliness, friendship and co-operation. It was adopted by leaders of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India (represented by Prime Minister Narendra Modi) and Pakistan. It was India and Pakistan’s first summit as full members of SCO grouping. India refused to endorse China’s ambitious One Belt, One Road (OBOR) project as part of Qingdao Declaration at the 18th SCO summit. At the restricted session of the SCO Summit, Indian Prime Minister Modi floated concept of SECURE: ‘S’ for security for citizens, ‘E’ for economic development, ‘C’ for connectivity in the region, ‘U’ for unity, ‘R’ for respect of sovereignty and integrity, and ‘E for environment protection.
3.     The 44th summit of the Group of Seven (G7), which was held from June 8–9, 2018 in La Malbaie, Quebec, Canada, ended in complete disarray with US President Donald Trump blasting off host Canada and abruptly retracting his support for a joint statement, signed by every nation in the group. US President Donald Trump left the meeting earlier as he had to head to Singapore for his meeting with the North Korean Leader Kim Jong Un on June 12,2018.
Science and Technology:
1.       A Memorandum of Agreement (MoA) was signed with RAASI Solar Power Pvt Ltd for transfer of technology for India’s first Lithium Ion (Li-ion) Battery project by Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) lab.   The agreement was signed by CSIR’s Central Electro Chemical Research Institute (CECRI), Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu. Under the singed MoA, Raasi Group will set up Lithium-ion cells manufacturing facility in Krishnagiri district of Tamil Nadu close to Bangalore. Lithium-ion battery is type of rechargeable battery that contains several cells. Each cell consists of cathode, anode and electrolyte, separator between electrodes and current collectors. In it, lithium ions move from negative electrode to positive electrode during discharge and back when charging. Li-ion battery use intercalated lithium compound as one electrode material.
2.       Rail MADAD (Mobile Application for Desired Assistance During travel) Application to expedite and streamline passenger grievance redressal has been launched by the Union Ministry of Railways. The app for the first time completely digitized the Complaint management system. The application was launched in line with Union Government’s Digital India Initative. It integrates RPGRAMS (Railway Passenger Grievance Redressal and Management System) developed by Northern Railway (Delhi Division).
1.       The Trilateral Naval Exercise Malabar 2018 between India, Japan and United States kicked off the coast of Guam in Philippine Sea. Malabar 2018 will be conducted in two phases: ashore and at-sea training. The harbour phrase will take place at Naval Base Guam and sea phase in Philippine Sea. This edition of annual exercise will focus on high-end war fighting skillsets, subject matter expert and professional exchanges. It will be first naval war game after US renamed its Hawaii-based Pacific command (PACOM) as Indo-Pacific Command (INDOPACOM) amid increased Chinese activities of building artificial islands in South China Sea and sending submarines into Indian Ocean.
Economy :
1.      A committee to give recommendations on formation of an Asset Reconstruction Company will set up under Chairmanship of Sunil Mehta, non-executive chairman of Punjab National Bank. The committee will give recommendations in two weeks for faster resolution of stressed accounts.
Appointments/ Resignations:
1.       S.Ramesh, member of Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) has appointed as its next Chairman of CBIC by the Appointments Committee of Cabinet (ACC). He will succeed present chairman Vanaja N. Sarna who retires in June 2018. CBIC is the nodal national agency responsible for administering Customs, GST, Central Excise, Service Tax & Narcotics in India.
2.       Arvind Saxena, member of UPSC was appointed as the acting Chairman of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) by the Governmnet. He will perform the duties of chairman of UPSC with effect from 20 June 2018 till further orders or till completion of his tenure in August, 2020. He will take over charge from incumbent Vinay Mittal who completes his term.
3.    Former National Investigation Agency (NIA) Chief Sharad Kumar (62) has appointed as vigilance commissioner in Central Vigilance Commission by the President Ram Nath Kovind. He will have term of four years or till he attains the age of 65.

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