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Daily Current Affairs for June 12-14,2018 ( English)

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(40 General Studies + 20 General English)
(40 பொது அறிவு + 40 பொதுத்தமிழ்)
Important Days:
1.       June 12 - World Day against Child Labour is observed every year across the world with an aim to raise awareness against child labour with the theme of 2018 is ‘Generation Safe & Healthy’.
2.       June 14 - World Blood Donor Day observed every year across the world to thank voluntary, unpaid blood donors for their life-saving gifts of blood. The theme of 2018 is ‘Be there for someone else. Give blood. Share life’.
1.       For delivery of railway services through CSC centres, the Common Service Centres (CSCs) Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) has signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC). Under the agreement, all 2.9 lakh CSCs spread across the country will be able to book both reserved and unreserved train tickets. All CSCs will be connected with technology for railway ticket booking. CSC is an initiative of Ministry of Electronics & IT (MeitY). It is strategic cornerstone of Digital India programme.
2.       5000 Wi-Fi Choupals were  launched) in New Delhi  by the Union Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeITY) in villages in partnership with common service centres (CSCs). The aim of Wi-Fi Choupals is to transform rural Internet connectivity through BharatNet. They focuses on developing rural Wi-Fi infrastructure and to host suitable applications to provide various ICT services at an affordable cost.
3.       Nepal-Bharat Maitri Irrigation Project - The project was launched in January 2017 to boost growth to Himalayan nation’s agricultural sector through enhanced facilities. India extended financial aid of Rs. 99 million to Nepal for the construction of 2,700 shallow tube well (STWs) irrigation systems in 12 districts of southern Terai region to boost agricultural productivity. With this payment, India has released so far released total of 227.6 million Nepali rupees to Nepal for implementing this project.
4.       International Conference on Information and Communication Technology (ICT) organized by Federation of Computer Association Nepal (CAN) will be held in Kathmandu, capital city of Nepal from June 17-18, 2018. It aims to bring government and private sector together for developing plan of action using sustainable ICT applications. It also seeks to unleash prospects of SMART Nepal by 2030. The Theme of two day conference is “Sustainable Development Goals for Smart Society”.
5.       The 10th Meeting of Global Alliance to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GAELF) was held in New Delhi, India. This is second time India hosted meeting of GAELF. Earlier in 2002, India had hosted second meeting of GAELF. LF is commonly known as Elephantiasis. It is caused mainly by Wuchereria Bancrofti and spread by Culex mosquito. It is one of oldest and most debilitating neglected trophical disease, which is currently endemic in 73 countries of the world, including India. On this occasion, GAELF awards was presented to 11 countries- Cambodia, Egypt, Maldives, Cook Islands, Niue, Marshall Islands, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tonga, Togo and Vanuatu, for successfully interrupting the transmission. Moreover, India’s Accelerated Plan for Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) 2018 was also released.
6.       The Union Cabinet has given final extension to commission constituted to examine sub-categorisation within Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in Central list. The commission earlier had term till June 20, 2018 but with extension it will now work till July 31, 2018.. It is headed by Justice (Retd.) G. Rohini.
7.     A MoU signed between the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and Institut National de la Santeet de la RechercheMedicale (INSERM), France has been apprised of by Union Cabinet. The MoU aims at cooperation in areas of common interest within medical, health research and life sciences fields.
8.     The continuation of Three Year Action Plan (2017-2020) of scheme for Agricultural Education Division and Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) Institutes has approved by the Union Cabinet. The scheme aims to generate quality human resources from institutions of higher agricultural education. It encompasses several new initiatives including, steps to attract talented students, reducing academic inbreeding and addressing faculty shortage, etc. The scheme comprises of Strengthening and Development of Higher Agricultural Education in India and ICAR-National Academy of Agricultural Research Man agement (NAARM) and ICAR-Central Institute of Women in Agriculture (CIWA) including All India Coordinated Research Project on Home Science (AICRP-HS).
9.     The proposal for introduction of Dam Safety Bill, 2018 in the Parliament has approved by the Union Cabinet. The bill address all issues concerning dam safety including regular inspection of dams, comprehensive dam safety review, emergency action plan, adequate repair and maintenance funds for dam safety, instrumentation and safety manuals. It lays onus of dam safety on dam owner and provides for penal provisions for commission and omission of certain acts, etc.
10.  The proposal of Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) for nomination of Union Home Minister as ex-officio Chairman of North Eastern Council (NEC) has approved by the Union Cabinet. It also approved that Minister of State (Independent Charge), Ministry of DoNER will serve as Vice Chairman of NEC. The repositioning of NEC will help it to become more effective body for North Eastern Region (NER). Under new arrangement with Home Minister as Chairman and Minister of DoNER as Vice Chairman will provide forum for discussing inter-state matters more comprehensively and also consider common approaches to be taken in future.
11.  The Centre for Railway Information System (CRIS) has developed a mobile-based application ‘utsonmobile' to enable cashless ticketing. The mobile app will enable booking and cancellation of unreserved tickets, issue and renewal of season and platform tickets and checking and loading of R-wallet balance.  It will also help maintain user profile management and booking history. 
12.   The 3rd Meeting of National Council of Senior Citizens (NCSrC), convened by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment was chaired by  Thaawarchand Gehlot, Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment. The NCSrC advises Central and State Governments on the entire gamut of issues related to welfare of senior citizens and enhancement of their quality of life. 
13.  The 11th World Hindi Conference will be held in Mauritius from August 18 to August 20, 2018 with an aim to increase the popularity of Hindi globally. The conference will cover both classical and modern elements of Hindi and will see participation of delegates and scholars of Hindi from all over the world. 
14.  The Union government has set up a committee headed by former chief statistician of India TCA Anant to bring in transparency in the jobs data calculation and presentation. The labour bureau conducts two major surveys on employment scenario—Annual Employment-Unemployment Survey and Quarterly Employment Survey. 
15.  During an event to celebrate the WED-2018 on June 5 in New Delhi, Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan pledged to eliminate single-use plastics from India by 2022. UN Environment chief Erik Solheim has said that by announcing that it will phase out single-use plastics by 2022, India has demonstrated global leadership.  India was the global host of the day this year.
16.  Gujarat has emerged as the leading state in generating e-way bills during April, May and the first week of June. The state has generated over 10.72 million inter- and intra-state e-way bills, followed by Maharashtra (8.13 million), Karnataka (8.05 million), Uttar Pradesh (7.64 million) and Haryana (7.63 million), respectively.
17.  The Haryana government has decided to increase the duty of home guard volunteers from 90 days to 150 days per year. The government has also decided that the remuneration to the home guard volunteers would be made through e-payment in their bank accounts.
18.  Haryana Minister Ram Bilas Sharma has said the Madhogarh Fort in Mahendragarh would be developed on the pattern of the Mughal Gardens in Pinjore . Sharma added that with the completion of the Madhogarh-Mahendragarh-Narnaul-Rewari Heritage Circuit, the pace of development would be accelerated in southern Haryana. The construction work on the 35-km-wide and two-km-long road leading to the fort at a height of about 400 metres, has already begun.

1.       President Ram Nath Kovind will be on three nation official visit to Greece, Suriname and Cuba from 16 to 22 June 2018. President will meet Greek President Prokopis Pavlopoulos during his first visit. He is scheduled to visit places of historical and archaeological importance and address the Indian diaspora. President Kovind will hold discussions with  Suriname’s President Desire Delano Bouterse followed by official level talks. Suriname is a founding member of the International Solar Alliance. India will offer Line of Credit (LoC) of $54.5 million to Suriname for solar related projects. President will hold wide range of discussions with Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel Bermudez. It is expected that no. of MoU’s will be signed between both countries during the visit.
2.       The sale of six AH-64E Apache attack helicopters along with support equipments to India has approved by the United States State Department. The total estimated cost of the deal is $930 million. The Apache choppers are one of the most advanced multi-role combat helicopters which have advanced weapons systems and night-fighting features, manufactured by Boeing.
3.       In a historic first, delegation level talks between US President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un began in Singapore on June 12, 2018.The world’s two of the most powerful leaders held a brief one-on-one meeting at the Capella Hotel in Sentosa Island before beginning with their delegation level talks. Speaking after the one-on-one meet, US president Trump said that both the nations have a terrific relationship ahead and this historic summit would be successful. Kim said “it has not been easy to get here” and that “the old prejudices and practices worked as obstacles, but we have overcome them and we are here today.”
4.       The United Kingdom has assured India of full co-operation towards bringing to book anybody whether it is Vijay Mallya or Nirav Modi who is wanted in India by Indian courts or agencies. This was stated by Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju after his meeting with UK Minister of state for counter terrorism Baroness Williams in New Delhi on June 11, 2018. 
5.      China will expand environmental inspections to more cities and regions in a new round of checks from June 2018 to April 2019, as a part of its three-year anti-pollution plan. Apart from smog-heavy Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and nearby areas, the inspections will also target the Yangtze River Delta region, including Shanghai and Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui provinces and some 11 cities in the northwestern provinces of Shanxi and Shaanxi. 
Science & Technology:
1.       The second edition India-US colloquium on Earth Observations and Sciences for Society and Economy organized by the Ministry of Earth Sciences, CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)-NIO and US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration( NOAA) was inaugurated at CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography (CSIR-NIO), Dona Paula, Goa. It will help both countries to improve ocean and atmosphere observations that contribute to economic well-being of both nations through better weather, climate, and ocean prediction, as well as fisheries management.
2.       Scientists from Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad have discovered for first time distant planet revolving around Sun-like star. Both the planet and the star have been named EPIC. The planet has been named as EPIC 211945201b (or K2-236b) and host star has been named EPIC 211945201 (or K2-236). The EPIC planet is six times bigger than Earth and revolves around host about 600 light years away.
1.       The first military exercise of the BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) Countries will host by India in September 2018 in Pune, Maharashtra. The theme of the exercise includes counter-terrorism in semi-urban terrain and cordon and search. The main aim of this military exercise is to promote strategic alignment among the member-states and to share best practices in the area of counter-terrorism. BIMSTEC countries had held disaster management exercise in 2017 in New Delhi, but this will be first military exercise of the grouping. The member countries are India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka from South Asia and Myanmar, Thailand from South East Asia.
2.       Surya Kiran-XIII exercise - the 13th edition of India-Nepal joint military exercise was held at Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand from 30 May to 12 June 2018. It saw participation of nearly 300 soldiers from both Indian and Nepal Army. It was aimed at further enhancing and strengthening level of defence cooperation between the two neighbouring nations. The aim of 14 days joint military exercise was to conduct battalion level joint training with emphasis on counter terrorism operations in mountainous terrain under United Nations (UN) mandate. It also included various aspects of disaster management and joint effort towards relief work 12th edition of this exercise was held at Nepal Army Battle School (NABS) in Saljhandi, Nepal in September 2017.

1.       Credit Enhancement Fund (CEF) of Rs.500 crore is going to launch by the Union Government in July 2018.The initial corpus of the fund will be Rs 500 crore and will be sponsored by IIFCL (India Infrastructure Finance Company). It will operate as a non-banking finance company (NBFC). CEF will provide credit enhancement for infrastructure projects which will help in upgrading credit ratings of bonds issued by infrastructure companies and facilitate investment from investors like pension and insurance funds.
2.       A Group to look into existing Institutional Trading Platform (ITP) framework and suggest measures to facilitate listing of startups has constituted by the market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). It will revisit current ITP framework and identify areas, if any, which require further changes. It will also address issues relevant to ITP which group may like to assess. The group will submit report to SEBI within period of one month i.e. by July 2018.
3.       An expert committee to recommend suitable framework to allow direct listing of Indian companies overseas bourses while also allowing overseas companies to list directly on Indian bourses has constituted by the market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). It will also examine various legal, regulatory and operational constraints in facilitating companies incorporated in India to directly list their equity share capital abroad and vice versa. The committee will also make recommendations for a suitable framework in which to facilitate such direct listing.
4.       As per the data released by the Central Statistics Office, the manufacturing sector, which accounts for over 77 percent weight of the index, recorded a growth of 5.2 percent in April 2018. Similarly, the mining output grew by 5.1 percent, compared to 3 percent in 2017. he Industrial production expanded by 4.9 percent in April 2018 on improved performance by manufacturing and mining sectors. 
5.       The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on June 11, 2018 released the draft guidelines to modify the loan system for delivery of bank credit, making the rules stricter to regulate larger borrowers enjoying working capital facility from the banking system. The draft specifies a minimum level of loan component in fund based working capital finance and a mandatory Credit Conversion Factor (CCF) for the undrawn portion of cash credit availed of by large borrowers. Banks provide working capital finance by way of cash credit, working capital demand loan, purchase/discount of bills, bank guarantee, letter of credit, factoring, etc.

1.       Seva Bhoj Yojna - a new scheme to provide financial assistance on purchase of specific food items by Charitable Religious Institutions (CRIs) for free distribution among people was launched by the Union Ministry of Culture. The scheme aims reimburse Central Government share of CGST and Integrated Goods and Service Tax (IGST) of Charitable Religious Institutions (CRIs) who provide food, prasad, langar (Community Kitchen), Bhandara free of cost without any discrimination to public and devotees. This will help to lessen the financial burden of such Charitable Religious Institutions.
2.       Under Phase III of Swachh Iconic Places (SIP) of Swachh Bharat Mission - 10 more iconic sites has been selected by the Union Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation. 10 new iconic sites are: Raghavendra Swamy Temple (Andhra Pradesh), Hazarduari Palace (West Bengal), Brahma Sarovar Temple (Haryana), Vidur Kuti (Uttar Pradesh), Mana village (Uttarakhand), Pangong Lake (J&K), Nagvasuki Temple (UP), Ima Keithal market (Manipur), Sabarimala Temple (Kerala) and Kanvashram (Uttarakhand). The third phase of SIP was launched at Mana village which is situated close to Badrinath temple in Uttarakhand. Phase I iconic places are: Ajmer Sharif Dargah, CST Mumbai, Kamakhya Temple, Golden Temple, Maikarnika Ghat, Meenakshi Temple, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi, Jagannath Temple, Taj Mahal and Tirupati Temple. Phase II of Swachh Iconic Places: Gangotri, Yamunotri, Charminar, Mahakaleshwar Temple, Convent and Church of St. Francis of Assissi, Kalady, Gommateswara, BaidyanathDham, Gaya Tirth and Somnath temple.
3.       NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) has selected 3,000 additional schools for establishment of Atal Tinkering Labs (ATLs). These additional schools will expand reach of ATL program and increase number of children exposed to tinkering and innovation. The selected schools will receive grant of Rs. 20 lakh spread over next 5 years to establish labs for nurturing innovation and entrepreneurial spirit among secondary school children across India.. ATLs will function as innovation hubs for these student innovators to explore solutions to unique local problems which they come across in their everyday lives.
4.       The Composite Water Management Index as useful tool to assess and improve performance in efficient management of water resources launched by the NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog. The index aims to inspire States/UTs towards efficient and optimal utilization of water and recycling thereof with sense of urgency. The composite water management index comprises of nine parameters and 28 indicators. Gujarat topped the list followed by Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. Jharkhand, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar were worst performers among general States. In terms of incremental change, it was Rajasthan which held the first position. Tripura has topped the list followed by Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Assam in North-eastern and Himalayan states:
5.     The Solar Charkha Mission of the Ministry of Micro Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME) will be launched by President Ram Nath Kovind on June 27, 2018 in New Delhi. It will cover 50 clusters and every cluster will employ 400 to 2000 artisans. It will disburse subsidy of Rs 550 crore to the artisans.
6.     The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) has created a world record of distributing maximum number of bee-boxes in one day under ‘Honey Mission’.Speaking on the occasion, KVIC Chairman,Vinai Kumar Saxena, said that the ‘Honey Mission’ is aimed to fulfill the call of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, for a sweet Kranti. 
7.     The Union Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs has approved a 33-per cent increase in the carpet area of houses eligible for interest subsidy under the Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme (CLSS) for the Middle-Income Group (MIG) under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) (PMAY-U) to boost affordable housing. With the revision, the carpet area of a house for Middle Income Group-I (MIG-I) has been increased from 120 sqm to 160 sqm and for MIG II, the area has been increased from 150 sqm to 200 sqm.
1.       Dr Bindeshwar Pathak (75) the renowned social activist and founder of Sulabh International was honoured with the Japan’s prestigious Nikkei Asia Prize for his contribution to Asia’s development at 23rd Nikkei Asia Prize ceremony held in Tokyo, Japan under ‘Culture and Community’ category for his significant work in tackling poor hygiene and discrimination.  Sulabh International is an NGO that works to promote human rights, environmental sanitation among other social services. He was among three who were conferred with this award. Other two awardees are Chinese environmentalist Ma Jun who was awarded business innovation prize  for using power of internet to promote cleaner industry and Vietnamese doctor Nguyen Thanh Liem who won science and technology prize in recognition of his work advancing health care for children.
1.     The United States, Mexico and Canada won the right to host the 2026 World Cup after beating Morocco in a vote by FIFA member nations in Moscow. Football's World Cup event will return to the North American continent for the first time since 1994 when the United States hosted the tournament.
2.     Indian boxers bagged one Gold and two Silver medals at the Umakhanov Memorial Tournament in the Russian city of Kaspiysk on June 12, 2018.  Saweety Boora won the coveted yellow medal in the Women's 75 kg category after beating local favourite Anna Anfinogenova in the Final. In the Men's section, Brijesh Yadav in the 81 kg division and Virender Kumar in 91 kgs lost their Final bouts to settle for Silver medals. Earlier, India had claimed four Bronze medals in the Tournament.

3.     Top-ranked Indian singles tennis player Yuki Bhambri Monday jumped nine places to 84 while Prajnesh Gunneswaran touched a career-best rank of 169 after climbing 14 spots on the ranking ladder. In the doubles, Rohan Bopanna was the top-ranked Indian at number 22, followed by Divij Sharan at 43, Leander Paes at 59 and Purav Raja at 77. In the WTA rankings, Ankita Raina continued to be India’s number one player at 203, followed by Karman Kaur Thandi, Pranjala Yadlapalli at 393 and Rutuja Bhosale at 403.
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