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Daily Current affairs from 21st Oct to 24th October Part 1 ( English )

1.       India has topped list of countries with pollution-related deaths in 2015 according to new study published in medical journal The Lancet. In India, 2.51 million people died prematurely in 2015 due to diseases linked to air, water and other forms of pollution.
2.       The Union Finance Ministry has allowed banks, including top three private sector lenders to accept deposits under various small savings schemes in order to encourage savings. Now banks are eligible to sell National Savings Time Deposit Scheme 1981, National Savings (Monthly Income Account) Scheme 1987, National Savings Recurring Deposit Scheme 1981 and NSC VIII issue. All public sector banks (PSBs) and top three in the private sector viz.  ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank and Axis Bank can receive subscription from the expanded portfolios. So far, these banks were allowed to receive subscription under Public Provident Fund (PPF), Kisan Vikas Patra-2014, Sukanya Samriddhi Account, Senior Citizen Savings Scheme-2004. Until now, most of the small savings schemes were sold through post offices. This decision will allow increase outlets for selling small savings scheme.
3.       Oct 21- Police Commemoration Day is observed every year to pay homage to the Police Martyrs.
4.       To protect both serving and former judges, magistrates and public servants in state from being investigated for on-duty action without its prior sanctions, Rajasthan Government has introduced The Code of Criminal Procedure (Rajasthan Amendment) Bill, 2017 in the state assembly. The bill replaces Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Ordinance, 2017 promulgated in this regard. The Bill prevents courts from taking up private complaints against both serving and former judges, magistrates and public servants in state for on-duty action without its prior sanction. It also bars media from reporting on such matters involving accusations against public servants until sanction to proceed with probe is obtained.
5.       For the promotion of north eastern products in Bangladesh and Myanmar, the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) has taken up a  promotional programme in Bangladesh and Myanmar in association with the High Commission of India in Dhaka and its Embassy in Yangon.
6.       Peru became sixth country in Latin America to legalise cannabis. The Peruvian Congress has approved a bill to authorises the medicinal and therapeutic use of cannabis (marijuana) in the country. It makes production, import and commercial sale of marijuana and its derivatives legal. Uruguay was first in 2013, allowing sales of cannabis any purpose.  It was followed by Mexico, Argentina, Colombia and Chile.
7.       An excel-based offline facility was launched by the Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN) to allow taxpayers to finalize their GSTR-3B forms on their own computers before uploading it onto the portal in order to minimize chances of errors before uploading on portal.Taxpayers have to file the summary GSTR-3B forms each month till January.
8.       The HRD Ministry is aiming to fully digitalize all campus processes including admissions, assessments, result declaration in all higher education institutions. Moreover, all canteens and business establishments on campus are also encouraged to resort to digital modes using e-wallets by linking the bank accounts with Aadhaar. Under this initiative, all public and private institutions including Central and State universities will be fully digitalized.
9.       The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) have approved second extension of Dawn mission at Ceres dwarf planet which is the largest object in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.
10.   India’s ace shuttler Kidambi Srikanth (World No. 8) won US $750,000 Denmark Open title of badminton in the men’s single category by defeating South Korea’s Lee Hyun II at Odense Sports Park in Odense, Denmark from October 17 – 22, 2017 .It was his third Super Series Premier title in 2017 season after wining Singapore Super Series title and Indonesia Super Series Premier title. Men’s Double: Chinese pair of Liu Cheng and Zhang Nan won the title by defeating Indonesian pair of Marcus Fernaldi Gideon and Kevin Sanjaya Sukamuljo. Women’s singles: Ratchanok Inthanon (Thailand) won the title by defeating Akane Yamaguchi (Japan) Women’s doubles: South Korean pair of Lee So-hee and Shin Seung-chan won the title by defeating Japanese pair of Shiho Tanaka and Koharu Yonemoto. Mixed doubles: Chinese pair of Zheng Siwei and Chen Qingchen won the title by defeating Hong Kong pair of Tang Chun Man and Tse Ying Suet.
11.   The Department of Revenue (DoR), Finance Ministry has made it mandatory for banks and financial institutions to check original identification documents of individuals dealing in cash above prescribed threshold to weed out  use of forged or fake copies. In this regard, DoR has issued an official gazette notification making an amendment to Prevention of Money-laundering (Maintenance of Records) Rules.
12.   Sri Lankan Coast Guard Ship (SLCGS) Suraksha earlier belonged to Indian Coast Guard (ICG) and was known as Varuna  has commissioned at Colombo port. It was gifted by India to Sri Lankan Coast Guard. It is first OPV (Offshore Patrol Vessel) of Sri Lankan Coast Guard. It was officially handed over to Sri Lanka Navy at ceremony held at Kochi Port in India in September 2017. 
13.   The fourth edition of ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting (ADMM)-Plus will be held in Philippines. The ADMM Plus meeting is expected to discuss ways to enhance defence and security co-operation among the member nations to effectively counter various transnational security challenges facing the region. Union Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman will be representing this meeting from India .It will be her first foreign visit as defence minister.
14.   India’s first Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra (PMKK) for Skilling in Smart Cities was inaugurated at Mandir Marg, New Delhi. It  is a flagship scheme of MSDE to enable large number of youth to take up industry relevant skill training to make them employable. It has been set up Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) in collaboration with New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC). The PMKK Centre for Smart Cities will provide skill training for unemployed youth through its short-term training (STT) module and contribute to capacity building of municipal employees through Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) program.
15.   The first phase of South Asia’s first world class Ro-Ro (roll-on, roll-off) ferry service between Ghogha in Bhavnagar district and Dahej in Bharuch district in the Gulf of Cambay, Gujarat was inaugurated by PM Modi . The first of its kind Ro-Ro ferry in India will be able to carry up to 100 vehicles and 250 passengers between the two ports. It will reduce the distance between Ghogha in Saurashtra and Dahej is South Gujrat from 310 kilometres by road to 30 kilometres. Besides, it will also reduce seven to eight hours of travel time to link Saurashtra with South Gujarat to one hour.
16.   Oct 24- World Development  Information Day is observed every year to draw attention of world to development problems and necessity of strengthening international cooperation to solve them.
17.   Paika rebellion (Paika Bidroha) of 1817 will be named as First War of Independence against British Rule in history books from next academic session. It was announced by the Union Human Resource Development Minister Prakash Javadekar. Earlier, 1857 Sepoy Mutiny was regarded as the First War of Indian Independence, but Paika Bidroha predates it. Paiks were traditional landed militia under Gajapati rulers of Odisha.
18.   The 56th raising day of the Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) was celebrated on  24 October. ITBP is deployed on guarding 3488 kilometer long India-China Border from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Jachep La in Arunachal Pradesh. It was raised on 24th October in 1962. 
19.   The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has recommended 40% reduction in carbon emissions in telecom networks by 2022-23 considering 2011-12 as the base year in order to make telecom sector greener. 
20. Oct 24 - The United Nations Day is observed every year to mark anniversary of entry into force of UN Charter in 1945. 

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